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Volume 38(1); January 2021
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Review articles
Gallbladder polyps: evolving approach to the diagnosis and management
Kook Hyun Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2021;38(1):1-9.   Published online May 15, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2020.00213
  • 22,408 View
  • 468 Download
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Gallbladder (GB) polyp is a mucosal projection into the GB lumen. With increasing health awareness, GB polyps are frequently found using ultrasonography during health screening. The prevalence of GB polyps ranges between 1.3% and 9.5%. Most patients are asymptomatic and have benign characteristics. Of the nonneoplastic polyps, cholesterol polyps are most common, accounting for 60%–70% of lesions. However, a few polyps have malignant potential. Currently, the guidelines recommend laparoscopic cholecystectomy for polyps larger than 1 cm in diameter due to their malignan potential. The treatment algorithm can be influenced by the size, shape, and numbers of polyps, old age (>50 years), the presence of primary sclerosing cholangitis, and gallstones. This review summarizes the commonly recognized concepts on GB polyps from diagnosis to an algorithm of treatment.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Endoscopic ultrasound-guided gallbladder endoscopic mucosal resection: a pilot porcine study
    Huifang Pang, Quan Man, Li Min, Zheng Zhang, Shengtao Zhu, Shuyue Yang, Yao Xu, Haijun Hou, Shutian Zhang, Peng Li
    Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies.2023; 32(1): 24.     CrossRef
  • The link between Helicobacter pylori infection and gallbladder and biliary tract diseases: A review
    Klay Puay Khim Lim, Aaron Jia Loong Lee, Xiuting Jiang, Thomas Zheng Jie Teng, Vishal G. Shelat
    Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery.2023; 27(3): 241.     CrossRef
  • The gallbladder: what’s new in 2022?
    Rachel Runde, Edward D. Auyang, Raye Ng, Kaysey Llorente, Hina Arif Tiwari, Shana Elman, William M. Thompson
    Abdominal Radiology.2022; 48(1): 2.     CrossRef
  • Gallbladder polyps: diagnosis and treatment tactics (literature review)
    S. N. Perekhodov, D. V. Nikolaev, S. S. Saidov
    Bulletin of the Medical Institute "REAVIZ" (REHABILITATION, DOCTOR AND HEALTH).2021; 11(4): 88.     CrossRef
  • Is there a role for growth status in distinguishing gallbladder adenomas from cholesterol polyps? – A retrospective study based on 520 cholecystectomy patients
    Wenqing Bao, Anan Xu, Shubin Ni, Bo Wang, Humaira Urmi, Bin Zhao, Yongmei You, Hai Hu
    Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology.2021; 56(12): 1450.     CrossRef
  • Polyps and cancer of the biliary system (lecture for medical practitioners)
    G. V. Shavkuta
    South Russian Journal of Therapeutic Practice.2020; 1(2): 78.     CrossRef
Classification of endometriosis
Soo-Young Lee, Yu-Jin Koo, Dae-Hyung Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2021;38(1):10-18.   Published online August 7, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2020.00444
  • 22,034 View
  • 706 Download
  • 43 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Endometriosis is a chronic disease associated with pelvic pain and infertility. Several classification systems for the severity of endometriosis have been proposed. Of these, the revised American Society for Reproductive Medicine classification is the most well-known. The ENZIAN classification was developed to classify deep infiltrating endometriosis and focused on the retroperitoneal structures. The endometriosis fertility index was developed to predict the fertility outcomes in patients who underwent surgery for endometriosis. Finally, the American Association of Gynecological Laparoscopists classification is currently being developed, for which 30 endometriosis experts are analyzing and researching data by assigning scores to categories considered important; however, it has not yet been fully validated and published. Currently, none of the classification systems are considered the gold standard. In this article, we review the classification systems, identify their pros and cons, and discuss what improvements need to be made to each system in the future.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Epidemiology of infertility in women with endometriosis
    Umberto Leone Roberti Maggiore, Valentina Chiappa, Marcello Ceccaroni, Giovanni Roviglione, Luca Savelli, Simone Ferrero, Francesco Raspagliesi, Ludovica Spanò Bascio
    Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology.2024; 92: 102454.     CrossRef
  • Ultrasound Characteristics and Scanning Techniques of Uterosacral Ligaments for the Diagnosis of Endometriosis
    Shae Maple, K Jane Chalmers, Eva Bezak, Katelyn Henry, Nayana Parange
    Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine.2023; 42(6): 1193.     CrossRef
  • The Influence of Lactoferrin in Plasma and Peritoneal Fluid on Iron Metabolism in Women with Endometriosis
    Ewa Skarżyńska, Monika Wróbel, Hanna Zborowska, Mateusz Franciszek Kołek, Grzegorz Mańka, Mariusz Kiecka, Michał Lipa, Damian Warzecha, Robert Spaczyński, Piotr Piekarski, Beata Banaszewska, Artur Jakimiuk, Tadeusz Issat, Wojciech Rokita, Jakub Młodawski,
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2023; 24(2): 1619.     CrossRef
  • Long Non-Coding RNA SNHG4 Expression in Women with Endometriosis: A Pilot Study
    Tomasz Szaflik, Hanna Romanowicz, Krzysztof Szyłło, Beata Smolarz
    Genes.2023; 14(1): 152.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiological and Immune Profile Analysis of Italian Subjects with Endometriosis and Multiple Sclerosis
    Brunella Zizolfi, Virginia Foreste, Simona Bonavita, Valentina Rubino, Giuseppina Ruggiero, Vincenzo Brescia Morra, Roberta Lanzillo, Antonio Carotenuto, Francesca Boscia, Maurizio Taglialatela, Maurizio Guida
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2023; 12(5): 2043.     CrossRef
  • Rectal endometriosis imaging: A case based pictorial essay
    Garvit D. Khatri, Deepashri Basavalingu, Nitin Chaubal, Manjiri Dighe
    WFUMB Ultrasound Open.2023; 1(1): 100002.     CrossRef
  • KRAS mutations and endometriosis burden of disease
    Natasha L Orr, Arianne Albert, Yang Doris Liu, Amy Lum, JooYoon Hong, Catalina L Ionescu, Janine Senz, Tayyebeh M Nazeran, Anna F Lee, Heather Noga, Kate Lawrenson, Catherine Allaire, Christina Williams, Mohamed A Bedaiwy, Michael S Anglesio, Paul J Yong
    The Journal of Pathology: Clinical Research.2023; 9(4): 302.     CrossRef
  • The Clinical Presentation of Endometriosis and Its Association to Current Surgical Staging
    Matilda Shaked Ashkenazi, Ole Linvåg Huseby, Gard Kroken, Marcela Trocha, Aurora Henriksson, Hanna Jasiak, Karen Cuartas, Alessandra Loschiavo, Isabella Kuhn, Dina Støve, Hanna Grindahl, Emilia Latour, Mathias Melbø, Katrine Holstad, Sebastian Kwiatkowski
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2023; 12(7): 2688.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation and management of endometriosis
    T. Yoldemir
    Climacteric.2023; 26(3): 248.     CrossRef
  • COX isozymes and non-uniform neoangiogenesis: What is their role in endometriosis?
    Andrea Caruana, Charles Savona-Ventura, Jean Calleja-Agius
    Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators.2023; 167: 106734.     CrossRef
  • Time to move beyond surgical classification systems for endometriosis
    María Isabel Hernández Cardona, Christana Ajewole, Hannah Lewis, Jorge F. Carrillo, Mario E. Castellanos, Stefanie Barish, Juan Diego Villegas Echeverri, Georgine Lamvu
    International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics.2023; 163(1): 58.     CrossRef
  • Antimüllerian hormone (AMH) and age as predictors of preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidies (PGT-A) cycle outcomes and blastocyst quality on day 5 in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF)
    A. Arnanz, A. Bayram, I. Elkhatib, A. Abdala, A. El-Damen, R. Patel, B. Lawrenz, L. Melado, H. Fatemi, N. De Munck
    Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics.2023; 40(6): 1467.     CrossRef
  • Association between polymorphisms of cytokine genes and endometriosis: A comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis
    Shulin Zhong, Yuzhen Liang, Zhixi Wu, Li Wei
    Journal of Reproductive Immunology.2023; 158: 103969.     CrossRef
  • Psychological hallmarks of endometriosis with emphasis on sexual dysfunction, stress, anxiety and depressive symptoms
    Ludek Fiala, Jiri Lenz, Zdenek Adamik, Rachel Sajdlova, Daniela Kestlerova, Vaclav Vetvicka
    International Clinical Pathology Journal.2023; 10(1): 45.     CrossRef
  • Detection of Endometriosis Lesions Using Gd-Based Collagen I Targeting Probe in Murine Models of Endometriosis
    Nazanin Talebloo, Maria Ariadna Ochoa Bernal, Elizabeth Kenyon, Christiane L. Mallett, Asgerally Fazleabas, Anna Moore
    Molecular Imaging and Biology.2023; 25(5): 833.     CrossRef
  • Exosomal microRNAs and long noncoding RNAs: as novel biomarkers for endometriosis
    Elahe Soltani-Fard, Marzieh Asadi, Sina Taghvimi, Asma Vafadar, Parisa Vosough, Amir Tajbakhsh, Amir Savardashtaki
    Cell and Tissue Research.2023; 394(1): 55.     CrossRef
  • Use of the Free Endometriosis Risk Advisor App as a Non-Invasive Screening Test for Endometriosis in Patients with Chronic Pelvic Pain and/or Unexplained Infertility
    Camran Nezhat, Ellie Armani, Hsuan-Chih Carolina Chen, Zahra Najmi, Steven R. Lindheim, Ceana Nezhat
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2023; 12(16): 5234.     CrossRef
  • Endometriosis: Classification, pathophysiology, and treatment options
    Elma Pašalić, Murtaza M. Tambuwala, Altijana Hromić-Jahjefendić
    Pathology - Research and Practice.2023; 251: 154847.     CrossRef
  • Endometriosis Grade 4 in In Vitro Fertilisation and Its Management: A Case Report
    Abhijeet Raj, Kshiti P Deshpande, Neema Acharya
    Cureus.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Imaging of Urinary Bladder and Ureteral Endometriosis with Emphasis on Diagnosis and Technique
    Anuradha S. Shenoy-Bhangle, Izabela Pires Franco, Lauren J. Ray, Jinjin Cao, Aoife Kilcoyne, Natally Horvat, Luciana Pardini Chamie
    Academic Radiology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence, Surgical, and Medical Management of Patients with Endometriosis amongst Indian Women
    Roya Rozati, Wajeeda Tabasum, Mohammed Sarosh Ahmed, Aleem Ahmed Khan, Talia Nazeer Ahmed, Sumaiya Nayela, Salwa Sahar Azimi
    European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences.2023; 5(6): 101.     CrossRef
  • Endometriosis: An Overview
    Tanvir Agnihotri, Abheek Ghosh, Ashley Lamba, Charles E. Ray
    Seminars in Interventional Radiology.2023; 40(06): 544.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of Clinical and Reproductive Outcomes between Adenomyomectomy and Myomectomy
    Kristyna Hlinecka, Michal Mara, Barbora Boudova, Zdenka Lisa, Adela Richtarova, David Kuzel
    Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology.2022; 29(3): 392.     CrossRef
  • Evaluating Surgical Complexity of Endoscopic Hysterectomy: An Inter-rater and Intra-rater Agreement Study of Novel Scoring Tool
    Meenal Misal, Marlene Girardo, Sadikah Behbehani, Vimee Bindra, Mark R. Hoffman, Wei How Lim, Courtney Martin, Sukrant K. Mehta, Alysha Nensi, Thiers Soares, Deborah Taylor, Steve Wagner, Kelly N. Wright, Megan N. Wasson
    Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology.2022; 29(5): 683.     CrossRef
  • MRI in the Diagnosis of Endometriosis and Related Diseases
    Aki Kido, Yuki Himoto, Yusaku Moribata, Yasuhisa Kurata, Yuji Nakamoto
    Korean Journal of Radiology.2022; 23(4): 426.     CrossRef
  • Role of Robotic Surgery in Benign Gynecology
    Mireille D. Truong, Lauren N. Tholemeier
    Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America.2022; 49(2): 273.     CrossRef
  • NLRP3 activated macrophages promote endometrial stromal cells migration in endometriosis
    Feng Zhou, Fanxuan Zhao, Qianmeng Huang, Xiang Lin, Songying Zhang, Yongdong Dai
    Journal of Reproductive Immunology.2022; 152: 103649.     CrossRef
  • Endometriosis: A Disease with Few Direct Treatment Options
    Patricia Ribeiro de Carvalho França, Anna Carolina Pereira Lontra, Patricia Dias Fernandes
    Molecules.2022; 27(13): 4034.     CrossRef
  • The Role of the Immune System in the Development of Endometriosis
    Monika Abramiuk, Ewelina Grywalska, Paulina Małkowska, Olga Sierawska, Rafał Hrynkiewicz, Paulina Niedźwiedzka-Rystwej
    Cells.2022; 11(13): 2028.     CrossRef
  • Transvaginal Ultrasound vs. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Value in Endometriosis Diagnosis
    Alexandra Baușic, Ciprian Coroleucă, Cătălin Coroleucă, Diana Comandașu, Roxana Matasariu, Andrei Manu, Francesca Frîncu, Claudia Mehedințu, Elvira Brătilă
    Diagnostics.2022; 12(7): 1767.     CrossRef
  • History of Endometriosis Is Independently Associated with an Increased Risk of Ovarian Cancer
    Antonio Sarría-Santamera, Zaukiya Khamitova, Arnur Gusmanov, Milan Terzic, Mar Polo-Santos, Miguel A. Ortega, Angel Asúnsolo
    Journal of Personalized Medicine.2022; 12(8): 1337.     CrossRef
  • Surgical Classification of Endometriosis
    João Nogueira Neto, Mauricio Simões Abrão, Eduardo Schor, Julio Cesar Rosa-e-Silva
    Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia / RBGO Gynecology and Obstetrics.2022; 44(08): 737.     CrossRef
  • Analysis of Long Non-Coding RNA (lncRNA) UCA1, MALAT1, TC0101441, and H19 Expression in Endometriosis
    Tomasz Szaflik, Hanna Romanowicz, Krzysztof Szyłło, Radosław Kołaciński, Magdalena M. Michalska, Dariusz Samulak, Beata Smolarz
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2022; 23(19): 11583.     CrossRef
  • Colorectal infiltrating deep endometriosis: Laparoscopic treatment. A case report
    Giuseppe Di Buono, Matilde Micheli, Gaia Russo, Roberta Vella, Giuseppe Amato, Girolamo Geraci, Antonino Agrusa
    Frontiers in Surgery.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Aged garlic extract as a potential prophylactic to reduce the progression of endometriosis and associated pain burden
    Emily Redwood, Virginie Lam, Ryusuke Takechi, Deborah Anne Kerr, Connie Jackaman, Arazu Sharif, John Charles Louis Mamo
    Frontiers in Pain Research.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Histotyping and grading of endometriosis and its association with clinico-pathological parameters
    Jyothika Litson, Rini Agnes, Gayatri Ravikumar
    Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.2022; 42(8): 3628.     CrossRef
  • Plasma and Peritoneal Fluid Fibronectin and Collagen IV Levels as Potential Biomarkers of Endometriosis
    Damian Warzecha, Julia Załęcka, Grzegorz Mańka, Mariusz Kiecka, Michał Lipa, Robert Spaczyński, Piotr Piekarski, Beata Banaszewska, Artur Jakimiuk, Tadeusz Issat, Wojciech Rokita, Jakub Młodawski, Maria Szubert, Piotr Sieroszewski, Grzegorz Raba, Kamil Sz
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2022; 23(24): 15669.     CrossRef
  • Progestins in the symptomatic management of endometriosis: a meta-analysis on their effectiveness and safety
    Jon-Benay Mitchell, Sarentha Chetty, Fatima Kathrada
    BMC Women's Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effects of CDKN2B-AS1 on cellular proliferation, invasion and AKT3 expression are attenuated by miR-424-5p in a model of ovarian endometriosis
    Sixue Wang, Mingyu Yi, Xinyue Zhang, Tingting Zhang, Li Jiang, Le Cao, Yuxin Zhou, Xiaoling Fang
    Reproductive BioMedicine Online.2021; 42(6): 1057.     CrossRef
  • Structured report for dynamic ultrasonography in patients with suspected or known endometriosis: Recommendations of the International Society for Gynecologic Endoscopy (ISGE)
    Dusan Djokovic, Patrícia Pinto, Bruno J. van Herendael, Antonio Simone Laganà, Viju Thomas, Jörg Keckstein
    European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology.2021; 263: 252.     CrossRef
  • Stigma and Endometriosis: A Brief Overview and Recommendations to Improve Psychosocial Well-Being and Diagnostic Delay
    Omar T. Sims, Jhumka Gupta, Stacey A. Missmer, Irene O. Aninye
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(15): 8210.     CrossRef
  • AAGL 2021 Endometriosis Classification: An Anatomy-based Surgical Complexity Score
    Mauricio S. Abrao, Marina Paula Andres, Charles E. Miller, Julian A. Gingold, Mariona Rius, Joao Siufi Neto, Francisco Carmona
    Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology.2021; 28(11): 1941.     CrossRef
  • Involvement of bradykinin and bradykinin B1 receptor in patients with endometriosis
    Xin Meng, Ying Li, Qingxue Li, Jian Yang, Mingli An, Xinping Fu, Shuancheng Zhang, Jingwei Chen
    Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
Updates on the treatment of adhesive capsulitis with hydraulic distension
Jang Hyuk Cho
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2021;38(1):19-26.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2020.00535
  • 8,608 View
  • 227 Download
  • 9 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder joint is a common disease characterized by pain at the insertional area of the deltoid muscle and decreased range of motion. The pathophysiological process involves fibrous inflammation of the capsule and intraarticular adhesion of synovial folds leading to capsular thickening and contracture. Regarding the multidirectional limitation of motion, a limitation in external rotation is especially prominent, which is related to not only global fibrosis but also to a localized tightness of the anterior capsule. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging studies can be applied to rule out other structural lesions in the diagnosis of adhesive capsulitis. Hydraulic distension of the shoulder joint capsule provides pain relief and an immediate improvement in range of motion by directly expanding the capsule along with the infusion of steroids. However, the optimal technique for hydraulic distension is still a matter of controversy, with regards to the infusion volume and rupture of the capsule. By monitoring the real-time pressure-volume profile during hydraulic distension, the largest possible fluid volume can be infused without rupturing the capsule. The improvement in clinical outcomes is shown to be greater in capsule-preserved hydraulic distension than in capsule-ruptured distension. Moreover, repeated distension is possible, which provides additional clinical improvement. Capsule-preserved hydraulic distension with maximal volume is suggested to be an efficacious treatment option for persistent adhesive capsulitis.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Frozen Shoulder: Diagnosis and Management
    Sean R. Wise, Paul Seales, Alex P. Houser, Chase B. Weber
    Current Sports Medicine Reports.2023; 22(9): 307.     CrossRef
  • Rotator Interval vs Posterior Approach Ultrasound-guided Corticosteroid Injections in Primary Frozen Shoulder: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
    Francisco Javier Arrambide-Garza, Juventino Tadeo Guerrero-Zertuche, Neri Alejandro Alvarez-Villalobos, Alejandro Quiroga-Garza, Abraham Espinosa-Uribe, Felix Vilchez-Cavazos, Yolanda Salinas-Alvarez, Juan Antonio Rivera-Perez, Rodrigo Enrique Elizondo-Om
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  • Ultrasound-guided hydrodilatation of glenohumeral joint combined with acupotomy for treatment of frozen shoulder
    Huajun Xu, Yingchun Zhang, Caishan Wang
    Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation.2022; 35(5): 1153.     CrossRef
  • Impact of capsular preservation on patient-reported outcomes and complication rates in total hip arthroplasty using the direct anterior approach
    Vincent A. Stadelmann, Hannes A. Rüdiger, Selina Nauer, Michael Leunig
    The Bone & Joint Journal.2022; 104-B(7): 826.     CrossRef
  • Management of Patients with Adhesive Capsulitis via Ultrasound-Guided Hydrodilatation without Concomitant Intra-Articular Lidocaine Infusion: A Single-Center Experience
    Yung-Chieh Chen, Shu-Huei Shen, Hong-Jen Chiou, Yung-Liang Wan
    Life.2022; 12(9): 1293.     CrossRef
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Pathophysiology and protective approaches of gut injury in critical illness
Chang Yeon Jung, Jung Min Bae
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2021;38(1):27-33.   Published online September 23, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2020.00703
  • 6,936 View
  • 194 Download
  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
The gut is a complex organ that has played an important role in digestion, absorption, endocrine functions, and immunity. The gut mucosal barriers consist of the immunologic barrier and nonimmunologic barrier. During critical illnesses, the gut is susceptible to injury due to the induction of intestinal hyperpermeability. Gut hyperpermeability and barrier dysfunction may lead to systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Additionally, gut microbiota are altered during critical illnesses. The etiology of such microbiome alterations in critical illnesses is multifactorial. The interaction or systemic host defense modulation between distant organs and the gut microbiome is increasingly studied in disease research. No treatment modality exists to significantly enhance the gut epithelial integrity, permeability, or mucus layer in critically ill patients. However, multiple helpful approaches including clinical and preclinical strategies exist. Enteral nutrition is associated with an increased mucosal barrier in animal and human studies. The trophic effects of enteral nutrition might help to maintain the intestinal physiology, prevent atrophy of gut villi, reduce intestinal permeability, and protect against ischemia-reperfusion injury. The microbiome approach such as the use of probiotics, fecal microbial transplantation, and selective decontamination of the digestive tract has been suggested. However, its evidence does not have a high quality. To promote rapid hypertrophy of the small bowel, various factors have been reported, including the epidermal growth factor, membrane permeant inhibitor of myosin light chain kinase, mucus surrogate, pharmacologic vagus nerve agonist, immune-enhancing diet, and glucagon-like peptide-2 as preclinical strategies. However, the evidence remains unclear.

Citations

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Original articles
Association between gestational age at delivery and lymphocyte-monocyte ratio in the routine second trimester complete blood cell count
Hyun-Hwa Cha, Jong Mi Kim, Hyun Mi Kim, Mi Ju Kim, Gun Oh Chong, Won Joon Seong
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2021;38(1):34-38.   Published online June 18, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2020.00234
  • 5,406 View
  • 103 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
We aimed to determine whether routine second trimester complete blood cell (CBC) count parameters, including neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), lymphocyte-monocyte ratio (LMR), and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), could predict obstetric outcomes.
Methods
We included singleton pregnancies for which the 50-g oral glucose tolerance test and CBC were routinely performed between 24 and 28 weeks of gestation in our outpatient clinic from January 2015 to December 2017. The subjects were divided into three groups according to their pregnancy outcomes as follows: group 1, spontaneous preterm births, including preterm labor and preterm premature rupture of membranes; group 2, indicated preterm birth due to maternal, fetal, or placental causes (hypertensive disorder, fetal growth restriction, or placental abruption); and group 3, term deliveries, regardless of the indication of delivery. We compared the CBC parameters using a bivariate correlation test.
Results
The study included 356 pregnancies. Twenty-eight subjects were in group 1, 20 in group 2, and 308 in group 3. There were no significant differences between the three groups in neutrophil, monocyte, lymphocyte, and platelet counts. Although there was no significant difference in NLR, LMR, and PLR between the three groups, LMR showed a negative correlation with gestational age at delivery (r=−0.126, p=0.016).
Conclusion
We found that a higher LMR in the second trimester was associated with decreased gestational age at delivery. CBC parameters in the second trimester of pregnancy could be used to predict adverse obstetric outcomes.

Citations

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  • Relationship between Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio and Lymphocyte-to-Monocyte Ratio with Spontaneous Preterm Birth: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
    Liang Peng, Baodi Cao, Fangpeng Hou, Baolin Xu, Hong Zhou, Luyi Liang, Yu Jiang, Xiaohui Wang, Jingjian Zhou, Lingzhang Meng
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    Anak Agung Gede Putra Wiradnyana, Anak Agung Ngurah Jaya Kusuma, Anak Agung Ngurah Anantasika, I Made Darmayasa, Ryan Saktika Mulyana, Gde Bagus Rizky Kornia
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  • The Association of Inflammatory Biomarker of Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio with Spontaneous Preterm Delivery: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
    Sina Vakili, Parham Torabinavid, Reza Tabrizi, Alireza Shojazadeh, Nasrin Asadi, Kamran Hessami, Oleh Andrukhov
    Mediators of Inflammation.2021; 2021: 1.     CrossRef
Pelvic floor muscle exercise with biofeedback helps regain urinary continence after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy
Yeong Uk Kim, Dong Gyu Lee, Young Hwii Ko
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2021;38(1):39-46.   Published online June 22, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2020.00276
  • 6,626 View
  • 162 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
To determine the benefit of pelvic floor muscle exercise with visual biofeedback on promoting patient recovery from incontinence, we investigated variables associated with the early restoration of continence for patients who underwent robot-assisted radical prostatectomy.
Methods
Of the 83 patients enrolled, 41 consecutive patients completed pelvic floor muscle exercise (the exercise group), and the other 42 consecutive patients just before the pelvic floor muscle exercise program commenced (the control group). The primary outcome was whether pelvic floor muscle exercise engagement was associated with zero pad continence restoration within 3 months of surgery.
Results
Continence restoration percentages (defined as zero pads used per day) at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery were 49.4%, 77.1%, and 94.0%, respectively. The exercise group achieved significantly higher recovery rates at 1 month (p=0.037), 3 months (p<0.001), and 6 months (p=0.023). Cox regression analysis demonstrated that a lower Gleason score (<8; hazard ratio, 2.167), lower prostate specific antigen (<20 ng/dL; hazard ratio, 2.909), and engagement in pelvic floor muscle exercise (hazard ratio, 3.731) were independent predictors of early recovery from postprostatectomy incontinence. Stratification by age showed that those younger than 65 years did not benefit significantly from exercise (log-rank test, p=0.08), but that their elderly counterparts, aged 65–70 years (p=0.007) and >70 years old (p=0.002) benefited significantly.
Conclusion
This study suggests that postoperative engagement in pelvic floor muscle exercise with biofeedback speeds up the recovery of continence in elderly patients (≥65 years old) that undergo robot-assisted radical prostatectomy.

Citations

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  • Effect of Kegel exercises on the prevention of urinary and fecal incontinence in patients with prostate cancer undergoing radiotherapy
    A.E. Urvaylıoğlu, S. Kutlutürkan, D. Kılıç
    European Journal of Oncology Nursing.2021; 51: 101913.     CrossRef
Evaluation of craniofacial morphology in short-statured children: growth hormone deficiency versus idiopathic short stature
Ki Bong Kim, Eun-Kyong Kim, Kyung Mi Jang, Min Seon Kim, Eun Young Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2021;38(1):47-52.   Published online July 7, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2020.00325
  • 5,427 View
  • 89 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
Short stature is defined as a height below the 3rd percentile or more than two standard deviations below the mean for a given age, sex, and population. There have been inconsistent results regarding craniofacial morphology in short-statured children. This study aimed to analyze the differences between short-statured children with growth hormone deficiency, idiopathic short-statured children, and normal children.
Methods
Thirty-one short-statured children with growth hormone deficiency, 32 idiopathic short-statured children, and 32 healthy children were enrolled in this study. The measurements of their craniofacial structures from lateral cephalograms were evaluated.
Results
There were statistically significant differences among the three groups seven variables (anterior cranial base length, posterior cranial base length, total cranial base length, upper posterior facial height, posterior total facial height, mandibular ramus length, and overall mandibular length) in the linear measurement and five variables (saddle angle, gonial angle, mandibular plane angle, position of mandible, and maxilla versus mandible) in the angular measurement.
Conclusion
Compared to the control group, many linear and angular measurements of the craniofacial structures were significantly different in the two short-statured groups (p<0.05). Treatment plans by orthodontists should include these craniofacial structure characteristics.

Citations

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  • Dental arches in inherited severe isolated growth hormone deficiency
    Rafaela S. Girão, Manuel H. Aguiar-Oliveira, Bruna M.R. Andrade, Marcos A.V. Bittencourt, Roberto Salvatori, Evânio V. Silva, André L.M. Santos, Matheus M. Cunha, Wilton M. Takeshita, Alaíde H.A. Oliveira, Eugênia H.O. Valença, Alécia A. Oliveira-Santos,
    Growth Hormone & IGF Research.2022; 62: 101444.     CrossRef
  • Sella turcica dimensions and maxillary growth in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate
    Gregory S. Antonarakis, Luis Huanca Ghislanzoni, David M. Fisher
    Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.2022; 123(6): e916.     CrossRef
  • Clinical Implications of Growth Hormone Deficiency for Oral Health in Children: A Systematic Review
    Natalia Torlińska-Walkowiak, Katarzyna Anna Majewska, Andrzej Kędzia, Justyna Opydo-Szymaczek
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2021; 10(16): 3733.     CrossRef
  • A Clinical Study on the Treatment of Children’s Short Stature with Auxiliary Comprehensive Management Combined with Growth Patch
    Haiying Feng, Weizhu Zhao, Huijun Yu, Guanfu Wang, Qunhong Wang, Songwen Tan
    Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine.2021; 2021: 1.     CrossRef
Effect of in vitro testicular spermatozoa culture on pregnancy outcomes: an experience at a single university hospital
Jisun Lee, Jung Hyeon Yoo, Jae Hun Lee, Hyun Soo Ahn, Kyung Joo Hwang, Miran Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2021;38(1):53-59.   Published online December 9, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2020.00773
  • 4,833 View
  • 71 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
There are no guidelines for the optimal incubation time or temperature to improve pregnancy outcomes in testicular sperm extraction-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (TESE-ICSI) cycles. We aimed to evaluate whether a 24-hour in vitro culture of testicular spermatozoa affects pregnancy outcomes in TESE-ICSI cycles.
Methods
This was a retrospective study of 83 TESE-ICSI cycles using testicular spermatozoa in 46 couples with male partners suffering from nonobstructive or obstructive azoospermia. Sperm retrieval was performed either on the oocyte retrieval (OR) day (65 cycles in 33 couples; group A) or on the day before OR (18 cycles in 13 couples; group B) followed by in vitro culture for 24 hours. The clinical characteristics and pregnancy outcomes, including the number of retrieved oocytes, fertilization rates, embryo transfer rates, implantation and clinical pregnancy rates, were compared between the two groups.
Results
There were no differences in terms of clinical characteristics except for the levels of luteinizing hormone (LH) in males. Group B had higher LH levels than group A (4.56±1.24 IU/L vs. 3.67±1.07 IU/L, p=0.017). Group B showed higher fertilization rate (72.4±32.1% vs. 59.2±21.7%, p=0.045), implantation rate (35.0±34.1% vs. 14.0±21.5%, p=010), pregnancy rate per cycle (80% vs. 39%, p=0.033), and clinical pregnancy rate per cycle (80% vs. 37.5%, p=0.024) than those of group A.
Conclusion
Testicular sperm retrieval performed on the day before OR followed by in vitro culture can potentially improve pregnancy outcomes.

Citations

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  • Intelligent Medicine on the Regulation Effect of Weekend Catch-Up Sleep on the Relationship Between Hypertension and All-Cause Mortality
    Hui Li, Min Yang, Yanchun Bao
    International Journal of Computational Intelligence Systems.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Extend the Survival of Human Sperm In Vitro in Non-Freezing Conditions: Damage Mechanisms, Preservation Technologies, and Clinical Applications
    Qingyuan Cheng, Liman Li, Min Jiang, Bo Liu, Yang Xian, Shasha Liu, Xiao Liu, Wenrui Zhao, Fuping Li
    Cells.2022; 11(18): 2845.     CrossRef
Case reports
Cushing syndrome in pregnancy, diagnosed after delivery
Han Byul Kim, Mi Kyung Kim, El Kim, Keun Soo Ahn, Hye Soon Kim, Nam Kyung Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2021;38(1):60-64.   Published online May 22, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2020.00290
  • 5,117 View
  • 114 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Cushing syndrome (CS) is rare in pregnancy, and few cases have been reported to date. Women with untreated CS rarely become pregnant because of the ovulatory dysfunction induced by hypercortisolism. It is difficult to diagnose CS in pregnancy because of its very low incidence, the overlap between the clinical signs of hypercortisolism and the physiological changes that occur during pregnancy and the changes in hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis activity that occur during pregnancy and limit the value of standard diagnostic testing. However, CS in pregnancy is associated with poor maternal and fetal outcomes; therefore, its early diagnosis and treatment are important. Here, we report two patients with CS that was not diagnosed during pregnancy, in whom maternal and fetal morbidity developed because of hypercortisolism.

Citations

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  • Endogenous Cushing’s syndrome during pregnancy
    Nada Younes, Matthieu St-Jean, Isabelle Bourdeau, André Lacroix
    Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders.2023; 24(1): 23.     CrossRef
  • Cushing Syndrome in Pregnancy: A Case Presentation and Review of Literature
    HamidReza Samimagham, Ava Ziaei, Mohammad Tamaddondar, Mitra Kazemi Jahromi
    Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
Development of donepezil-induced hypokalemia following treatment of cognitive impairment
Dongryul Kim, Hye Eun Yoon, Hoon Suk Park, Seok Joon Shin, Bum Soon Choi, Byung Soo Kim, Tae Hyun Ban
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2021;38(1):65-69.   Published online June 1, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2020.00269
  • 5,741 View
  • 134 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Donepezil is a cholinesterase inhibitor used extensively to treat Alzheimer disease. The increased cholinergic activity is associated with adverse effects, therefore gastrointestinal symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, are common. Hypokalemia is a rare adverse event that occurs in less than 1% of donepezil-treated patients. Although hypokalemia of mild and moderate grade does not present serious signs and symptoms, severe hypokalemia often results in prolonged hospitalization and mortality. Herein, we report a case of hypokalemia developed after the initiation of donepezil therapy for cognitive impairment.

Citations

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  • Thymus vulgaris Essential Oil Protects Zebrafish against Cognitive Dysfunction by Regulating Cholinergic and Antioxidants Systems
    Luminita Capatina, Elena Todirascu-Ciornea, Edoardo Marco Napoli, Giuseppe Ruberto, Lucian Hritcu, Gabriela Dumitru
    Antioxidants.2020; 9(11): 1083.     CrossRef
Co-existence of relapsing polychondritis and Crohn disease treated successfully with infliximab
Hye-In Jung, Hyun Jung Kim, Ji-Min Kim, Ju Yup Lee, Kyung Sik Park, Kwang Bum Cho, Yoo Jin Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2021;38(1):70-73.   Published online June 19, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2020.00304
  • 4,865 View
  • 89 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rare, progressive immune-mediated systemic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology, characterized by recurrent inflammation of cartilaginous structures. Approximately 30% of RP cases are associated with other autoimmune diseases. However, the co-occurrence of RP and Crohn disease (CD) has rarely been reported. Herein, we present a 35-year-old woman diagnosed with RP and CD, who was refractory to initial conventional medications, including azathioprine and glucocorticoid, but who subsequently responded to infliximab (IFX). For both diseases, remission was sustained with IFX. There has been no previous report regarding the successful treatment of co-existing RP and CD with IFX.

Citations

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  • Relapsing Polychondritis in a Patient With Auricular Chondritis and Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Case Report With Literature Review
    David D Bickford, Thomas Ritter, Pinky Jha, Hari R Paudel
    Cureus.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
Transpedal lymphatic embolization for lymphorrhea at the graft harvest site after coronary artery bypass grafting
Jung Guen Cha, Sang Yub Lee, Jihoon Hong, Hun Kyu Ryeom, Gab Chul Kim, Young Woo Do
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2021;38(1):74-77.   Published online July 20, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2020.00297
  • 4,339 View
  • 64 Download
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Lymphorrhea is a rare but potentially severe complication that occurs after various surgical procedures. Untreated lymphorrhea may lead to wound dehiscence, infection, and prolonged hospital stay. Currently, there is no standard effective treatment. Early management usually includes leg elevation, drainage, and pressure dressing. However, these methods are associated with prolonged recovery and high recurrence rates. We report a case of lymphorrhea from a calf wound after endoscopic great saphenous vein (GSV) harvesting for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The patient presented with intractable oozing from the postoperative wound on the right calf. Lymphorrhea perGsisted for 6 weeks despite negative-pressure wound therapy with a long-acting somatostatin. We performed unilateral pedal lymphangiography that confirmed wound lymphorrhea, followed by glue embolization. No recurrence was observed after 8 months of follow-up. This case report demonstrates the successful use of lymphangiography with glue embolization in the control of lymphorrhea after GSV harvesting for CABG.

Citations

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  • Supermicrosurgical lymphatic venous anastomosis for intractable lymphocele after great saphenous vein harvesting graft
    Hirofumi Imai, Shuhei Yoshida, Toshiro Mese, Solji Roh, Isao Koshima
    Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases, Innovations and Techniques.2022; 8(1): 45.     CrossRef
  • Update February 2021
    Francine Blei
    Lymphatic Research and Biology.2021; 19(1): 96.     CrossRef
  • Lymphatic complications after harvesting venous conduits in coronary artery bypass grafting surgery
    D. V. Manvelyan, Yu. Y. Vechersky, V. V. Zatolokin, M. S. Kuznetsov, B. N. Kozlov
    The Siberian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine.2021; 36(3): 27.     CrossRef
Pancreatic metastasis from malignant phyllodes tumor of the breast
Seung Eun Lee, Young Kyung Bae, Joon Hyuk Choi
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2021;38(1):78-82.   Published online November 27, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2020.00759
  • 4,150 View
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  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Pancreatic metastasis from malignant phyllodes tumor (PT) of the breast is rare, and only a few cases have been reported in the literature. Here, we report a case of pancreatic metastasis from malignant PT of the breast in a 48-year-old woman. She had had three episodes of recurrence of malignant PT in her right breast. She presented with epigastric pain for 2 months. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 6 cm-sized, well-defined, heterogeneous mass with peripheral enhancement in the body of the pancreas. Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration was performed, and the pathologic report suggested spindle cell mesenchymal neoplasm. Subsequently, surgical excision was performed, and the mass was confirmed as a metastatic malignant PT. The imaging findings are discussed and the literature is briefly reviewed in this report.

Citations

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  • Case report: Osteosarcomatous differentiation in the lung metastasis of a malignant phyllodes tumor
    Ruijing Liu, Jingli Xue, Wen Liu, Beibei Jiang, Fuyun Shi, Zhenzheng Wang, Peifeng Li
    Frontiers in Medicine.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Diagnostic approach to fibroepithelial tumors of the breast
    Frances Tresserra, María Angeles Martinez-Lanao, Melissa Fernandez-Acevedo, Cristina Castellet, Sonia Baulies
    Revista de Senología y Patología Mamaria.2022; 35: S22.     CrossRef

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science