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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Volume 34(1); June 2017
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Reviews
Can we rejuvenate? Implications of biological aging research
Youlim Son, Jae Ryong Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2017;34(1):1-10.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2017.34.1.1
  • 2,466 View
  • 48 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The life history of man is summarized as a birth-aging-disease-death. Man eventually ages and dies. How long can humans live? What is aging? Why do we age? Is aging inevitable? Can we rejuvenate? Recent researches on biological aging suggest that humans might overcome aging and rejuvenate. In this paper, we review the biologic characteristics of aging and the latest results of biological aging research, implicating that aging can be controlled, further treated, and that humans can ultimately be rejuvenated.
Approach to pupillary abnormalities via anatomical pathways
Sung Hee Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2017;34(1):11-18.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2017.34.1.11
  • 2,141 View
  • 55 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
The pupillary size and movement are controlled dynamically by the autonomic nervous system; the parasympathetic system constricts the iris, while the sympathetic system dilates the iris. Under normal conditions, these constrictions and dilations occur identically in both eyes. Asymmetry in the pupillomotor neural input or output leads to impaired pupillary movement on one side and an unequal pupil size between both eyes. Anisocoria is one of the most common signs in neuro-ophthalmology, and the neurological disorders that frequently cause anisocoria include serious diseases, such as vascular dissection, fistula, and aneurysm. A careful history and examination can identify and localize pupillary disorders and provide a guide for appropriate evaluations.

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  • Multimodal Metaphor Research on China’s Recruiting Commercials in the New Era—Case Studies of the 2015~2020 Recruiting Commercials
    雪羽 孙
    Modern Linguistics.2021; 09(04): 998.     CrossRef
The relationship between muscle mitochondrial nutritional overloading and insulin resistance
Jae Han Jeon, Jun Sung Moon, Kyu Chang Won, In Kyu Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2017;34(1):19-28.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2017.34.1.19
  • 1,892 View
  • 20 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus and insulin resistance is growing rapidly. Multiple organs including the liver, skeletal muscle and adipose tissue control insulin sensitivity coordinately, but the mechanism of skeletal muscle insulin resistance has not yet been fully elucidated. However, there is a growing body of evidence that lipotoxicity induced by mitochondrial dysfunction in skeletal muscle is an important mediator of insulin resistance. However, some recent findings suggest that skeletal mitochondrial dysfunction generated by genetic manipulation is not always correlated with insulin resistance in animal models. A high fat diet can provoke insulin resistance despite a coordinate increase in skeletal muscle mitochondria, which implies that mitochondrial dysfunction is not mandatory in insulin resistance. Furthermore, incomplete fatty acid oxidation by excessive nutrition supply compared to mitochondrial demand can induce insulin resistance without preceding impairment of mitochondrial function. Taken together we suggested that skeletal muscle mitochondrial overloading, not mitochondrial dysfunction, plays a pivotal role in insulin resistance.
Original Articles
Clinical significance of saccade test, smooth pursuit test, and optokinetic nystagmus test in nystagmography
Yoon Seok Choi, Hyung Gyun Na, Si Youn Song, Yong Dae Kim, Chang Hoon Bae
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2017;34(1):29-36.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2017.34.1.29
  • 2,315 View
  • 46 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Saccade test, smooth pursuit test, and optokinetic nystagmus test are clinically useful tests to accurately diagnose vertigo. However, there have only been a few studies regarding a correlation between the anatomical site of the lesion and the abnormality of eyeball movement in patients with vertigo. METHODS: The medical records of 97 patients with vertigo between January 2006 and June 2008 were reviewed retrospectively. We classified many kinds of abnormalities regarding the saccade test, smooth pursuit test and optokinetic nystagmus test into several categories and analyzed the localizing lesion of vertigo. RESULTS: According to the saccade test, both total saccade abnormality (S-total) and slow velocity of saccade (S-type 3) were shown to be significantly higher in the central lesion of vertigo. According to the smooth pursuit test, symmetrical unidirectional smooth pursuit abnormality (SP-type 2) was observed to be significantly higher in the peripheral lesion over vertigo. Moreover, according to the optokinetic nystagmus test, total optokinetic nystagmus abnormalities (OKN-total) were shown to be significantly useful findings in the diagnosis of the central lesion of vertigo. The coexisting abnormalities of all three tests (S+SP+OKN abnormalities) were shown to be significantly higher in the central lesion of vertigo. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that all these tests, saccade test, smooth pursuit test, and optokinetic nystagmus test, are very useful to distinguish between the central lesion and the peripheral lesion of vertigo. However, these tests are not beneficial in localizing the central lesion of vertigo.

Citations

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  • Current diagnosis and treatment of vestibular neuritis: a narrative review
    Chang Hoon Bae, Hyung Gyun Na, Yoon Seok Choi
    Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science.2022; 39(2): 81.     CrossRef
  • Dizziness in Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea
    Jae Rim Kim, Soo Ryun Park, Hea Ree Park, Eun Yeon Joo
    Journal of Sleep Medicine.2022; 19(2): 39.     CrossRef
A comparison of 0.075% and 0.15% of ropivacaine with fentanyl for postoperative patient controlled epidural analgesia after laparoscopic gynecologic surgery
Hyun Chul Jung, Hyo Jung Seo, Deok Hee Lee, Sang Jin Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2017;34(1):37-42.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2017.34.1.37
  • 2,044 View
  • 6 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
A motor blockade of lower limbs interferes with early ambulation and limits the usefulness of patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA). The concentration of local anesthetic solution is a major determinant for motor block with PCEA. We compared the effects of epidural infusion of 0.075% ropivacaine with 0.15% epidural ropivacaine on postoperative analgesia, motor block of lower limbs, and other side effects. METHODS: A total of 70 patients undergoing laparoscopic gynecologic surgery received epidural infusions (group R1, 0.15% ropivacaine with fentanyl; group R2, 0.075% ropivacaine with fentanyl). Pain score, motor block, and side effects (hypotension, nausea, vomiting, pruritus, urinary retention, dizziness, and numbness) were measured. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the demographic profiles between the groups. Pain scores of the group R1 and the group R2 were not significantly different. Motor block was more frequent in the group R1 (0.15% ropivacaine with fentanyl) than in the group R2 (0.075% ropivacaine with fentanyl). CONCLUSION: Lower concentration of ropivacaine (0.075%), when compared with higher concentration of ropivacaine (0.15%), seemed to provide similar analgesia with less motor blockade of the lower limbs for the purpose of PCEA.
Sulfatase 1 mediates the inhibitory effect of angiotensin II type 2 receptor inhibitor on angiotensin II-induced hypertensive mediator expression and proliferation in vascular smooth muscle cells from spontaneously hypertensive rats
Hye Young Kim, Hye Ju Cha, Hee Sun Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2017;34(1):43-54.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2017.34.1.43
  • 2,299 View
  • 15 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Extracellular sulfatases (Sulfs), sulfatase 1 (Sulf1) and sulfatase 2 (Sulf2), play a pivotal role in cell signaling by remodeling the 6-O-sulfation of heparan sulfate proteoglycans on the cell surface. The present study examined the effects of Sulfs on angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced hypertensive mediator expression and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) proliferation in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). METHODS: Ang II receptors, 12-lipoxygenase (12-LO), and endothelin-1 (ET-1) messenger RNA (mRNA) expressions in SHR VSMCs were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. VSMCs proliferation was determined by [³ H]-thymidine incorporation. RESULTS: Basal Sulfs mRNAs expression and enzyme activity were elevated in SHR VSMCs. However, Sulfs had no effect on the basal or Ang II-induced 12-LO and ET-1 mRNA expression in SHR VSMCs. The inhibition of Ang II-induced 12-LO and ET-1 expression by blockade of the Ang II type 2 receptor (AT₂ R) pathway was not observed in Sulf1 siRNA-transfected SHR VSMCs. However, Sulf2 did not affect the action of AT₂ R inhibitor on Ang II-induced 12-LO and ET-1 expression in SHR VSMCs. The down-regulation of Sulf1 induced a reduction of AT₂ R mRNA expression in SHR VSMCs. In addition, the inhibition of Ang II-induced VSMCs proliferation by blockade of the AT₂ R pathway was mediated by Sulf1 in SHR VSMCs. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that extracellular sulfatase Sulf1 plays a modulatory role in the AT₂ R pathway that leads to an Ang II-induced hypertensive effects in SHR VSMCs.

Citations

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  • Sulfatase 1 mediates IL-10-induced dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase-1 expression and antiproliferative effects in vascular smooth muscle cells of spontaneously hypertensive rats
    Hye Young Kim, Hee Sun Kim
    Cytokine.2021; 137: 155344.     CrossRef
  • Sulfatase 2 mediates, partially, the expression of endothelin-1 and the additive effect of Ang II-induced endothelin-1 expression by CXCL8 in vascular smooth muscle cells from spontaneously hypertensive rats
    Hye Young Kim, Dae Won Jeong, Hee Sun Kim
    Cytokine.2019; 114: 98.     CrossRef
Associations between smartphone addiction scale and sociopsychological aspects in medical school students
Hye In Kim, Seong Hi Cheon, Hwa Jeong Kang, Keunmi Lee, Seung Pil Jung
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2017;34(1):55-61.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2017.34.1.55
  • 3,783 View
  • 23 Download
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Smartphone addiction, academic stress and anxiety of university students are increasing gradually; however, few studies have investigated these factors in medical school students. Therefore, this study investigated associations between smartphone addiction scale and sociopsychological aspects in medical school students. METHODS: A total of 231 Yeungnam University College of Medicine students were enrolled in this study in March 2017. Gender, school grade, type of residence, and smartphone usage patterns of the students were surveyed. The Korean Smartphone Addiction Proneness Scale and each Korean version scale were used to assess sociopsychological aspects such as loneliness, stress and anxiety. RESULTS: There was a direct statistical correlation between loneliness, stress of negative perception, anxiety and smartphone addiction scales. There was also a negative statistical correlation between stress of positive perception and smartphone addiction scales. There was a higher level of anxiety among female students than male students. Additionally, there was a higher level of stress associated with negative perception and anxiety among medical students in the first grade than other students. Moreover there was a higher level of loneliness, stress of negative perception and anxiety among students who live with friends than students who live with their own family. CONCLUSION: Smartphone addiction scale and sociopsychological aspects significantly correlated. Moreover, the results suggest that female medical students in the first grade who have been separated from their family need more attention and management of loneliness, stress and anxiety to avoid smartphone addiction.

Citations

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  • Exploring the role of cognitive fusion and experiential avoidance in predicting smartphone use among medical university students
    Jimin Lee, Seunghee Won, Sung Man Chang, Byung-Soo Kim, Seung Jae Lee
    Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science.2023; 28: 18.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Addictive Behaviors in Medical Students and Their Association With Stress
    Jimin Lee, Seunghee Won, Sung Man Chang, Byung-Soo Kim, Seung Jae Lee
    Psychiatry Investigation.2022; 19(1): 44.     CrossRef
  • How addicted are newly admitted undergraduate medical students to smartphones?: a cross-sectional study from Chitwan medical college, Nepal
    Sirisa Karki, Jaya Prasad Singh, Gita Paudel, Sushma Khatiwada, Sameer Timilsina
    BMC Psychiatry.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
Student selection factors of admission and academic performance in one medical school
Keunmi Lee, Taeyoon Hwang, So young Park, Hyoungchul Choi, Wanseok Seo, Philhyun Song
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2017;34(1):62-68.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2017.34.1.62
  • 1,917 View
  • 16 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
This study was conducted to examine the academic achievements of first year medical students in one medical school based on their characteristics and student selection factors of admission. METHODS: The admission scores of student selection factors (Medical Education Eligibility Test [MEET], grade point average [GPA], English test score and interview) and demographic information were obtained from 61 students who had interviewed (multiple mini interview [MMI]) for admission (38 graduate medical school students in 2014, 23 medical college-transfer students in 2015). T-tests and ANOVA were used to examine the differences in academic achievement according to the student characteristics. Correlations between admission criteria scores and academic achievements were examined. RESULTS: MEET score was higher among graduate medical students than medical college transfer students among student selection factors for admission. There were no significant differences in academic achievement of first grade medical school between age, gender, region of high school, years after graduation and school system. The lowest interview score group showed significantly lower achievement in problem-based learning (PBL) (p=0.034). Undergraduate GPA score was positively correlated with first grade total score (r=0.446, p=0.001) among admission scores of student selection factors. CONCLUSION: Students with higher GPA scores tend to do better academically in their first year of medical school. In case of interview, academic achievement did not lead to differences except for PBL.
Follow-up of thyroid ultrasonography in patients with hemodialysis
Hyun Jung Kim, Bo Ra Kim, Yeong Mi Seo, Yoon Young Cho, Jong Ha Baek, Kyong Young Kim, Soo Kyung Kim, Seung Hoon Woo, Jung Hwa Jung, Jaehoon Jung, Jong Ryeal Hahm
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2017;34(1):69-74.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2017.34.1.69
  • 2,061 View
  • 17 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Chronic kidney disease is considered a risk factor for thyroid nodules as well as thyroid dysfunction such as hypothyroidism. Among patients on hemodialysis, we assessed the size of thyroid nodule and goiter at baseline and 1 year later with ultrasonography. METHODS: We prospectively selected 47 patients with hemodialysis at January 2012 and reviewed their medical records. We checked goiter and thyroid nodules at January 2012 and December 2012. RESULTS: In the hemodialysis patients (n=47), 24 patients (51.1%) had thyroid nodules and 33 patients (70.2%) had goiter at baseline. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) was higher in patients with thyroid nodules (204.4±102.9 vs. 129.9±93.6 pg/mL, p=0.01). Thyroid ultrasonography was conducted in 29 patients after 1 year. The thickness of the thyroid isthmus increased (2.8±1.6 vs. 3.2±1.9 mm, p=0.003), but the number of nodules did not change (1.2±1.9 vs. 1.4±2.0, p=0.109). PTH was associated with the enlargement of thyroid nodules significantly through logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSION: Thyroid goiter and nodules in hemodialysis patients were more prevalent than in the general population. PTH influenced the production of thyroid nodules in hemodialysis patients. Regular examination with thyroid ultrasonography and thyroid function test should be considered in hemodialysis patients.
Case Reports
Conservative treatment of cytomegalovirus colitis with bowel perforation in an immunocompetent patient: case report and review of literature
Kyoung Sik Nam, Hee Ug Park, Min Gi Park, Su Ho Park, Ji Yeon Hwang, Dong Kyu Kim, Sung Jun Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2017;34(1):75-79.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2017.34.1.75
  • 1,801 View
  • 16 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis, which is rare in an immunocompetent patient, was encountered in a 67-year-old man who was admitted due to persistent diarrhea. The first diagnostic tool was colonoscopy, which showed multiple ulcers from cecum to rectum. The secondary tool was CMV polymerase chain reaction, and CMV colitis was diagnosed. Intravenous ganciclovir therapy was administered, which resulted in improvement of diarrhea and ulcers throughout the colon were healed. Asymptomatic colon perforation was detected during diagnostic testing, which improved over the conventional treatment. CMV colitis is rare in immunocompetent patients, but it is essential for the differential diagnosis.
Ankylosing spondylitis associated with balanced reciprocal X-1 translocation
Young Hoon Kim, Jung Ouk Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2017;34(1):80-83.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2017.34.1.80
  • 1,750 View
  • 9 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
A number of research papers have reported more frequent occurrence of rheumatic/autoimmune disease among patients with hypogonadism or a chromosomal anomaly with potential X-chromosome defects. A 30-year-old female patient came to the hospital with a main cause of bilateral buttock pain, which began two years ago and worsened seven days ago. Ankylosing spondylitis with invasion of both sacral-iliac joints was observed. On magnetic resonance imaging, although the uterus was observed normally, an ovary was not observed. In a chromosome test, balanced reciprocal X-1 translocation of 46,X,t(X;1)(p10;q10) was diagnosed. Here, we report on the first case involving ankylosing spondylitis accompanied by balanced reciprocal X-1 translocation.
Multifocal nodular lymphoid hyperplasia of the lung
Gil Tae Lee, Eun Kyoung Kim, Eirie Cho, Seung Sook Lee, Seo Yun Kim, Cheol Hyeon Kim, Hye Ryoun Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2017;34(1):84-87.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2017.34.1.84
  • 2,219 View
  • 10 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Nodular lymphoid hyperplasia (NLH) is a benign lymphoproliferative disease that can affect the lung. Because of its rarity, little is known about the etiology and natural history of NLH. Most cases are usually asymptomatic and found incidentally on imaging studies. Imaging finding of NLH has shown most commonly as a solitary lesion, although multifocal pulmonary nodules may be seen. Surgical resection has proved curative in the cases previously described. We report a rare case of NLH in a 55 year-old man who presented with bilateral multiple pulmonary nodules on chest radiography. Open biopsy was performed from the upper and lower lobe of the left lung. The lesions were pathologically diagnosed as pulmonary NLH. Multifocal residual nodules in both lungs remain stable without spontaneous regression during the 3 years of follow-up.
Massive bleeding from a rectal Dieulafoy lesion in a patient with alcoholic cirrhosis
Young Hoon Choi, Jong Ryeol Eun, Jae Ho Han, Hyun Lim, Jung A Shin, Gun Hwa Lee, Seung Hee Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2017;34(1):88-90.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2017.34.1.88
  • 1,979 View
  • 9 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Although Dieulafoy lesion can occur in any part of the gastrointestinal tract, its occurrence in the rectum is rare. Rectal Dieulafoy lesions have been associated with advanced age, renal failure, burns, liver transplantation and cirrhosis. Here, we report on a case of massive bleeding from a rectal Dieulafoy lesion after lung decortication surgery in a 57-year-old male patient with alcoholic cirrhosis. Although rare, a rectal Dieulafoy lesion should be included in the differential diagnosis of massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding in a patient with cirrhosis.
Bronchogenic cyst masquerading as malignant pericardial effusion with tamponade
Kang Un Choi, Byung Jun Kim, Hong Ju Kim, Jang Won Son, Jong Seon Park, Dong Gu Shin, Young Jo Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2017;34(1):91-95.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2017.34.1.91
  • 1,736 View
  • 10 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
We report on a rare case involving a 23-year-old female patient with mediastinal cystic mass complicated with acute pericarditis and cardiac tamponade. Pericardial fluid demonstrated lymphocyte-predominant exudate and the level of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) was unexpectedly elevated. Successive aspiration of mediastinal cystic mass revealed a very high level of CEA (>100,000 U/mL) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (>15,000 ng/mL). This patient was clinically diagnosed as an infected bronchogenic cyst complicated with pericarditis and cardiac tamponade. The treatment resulted in alleviation of her symptoms.
Amebic liver abscesses resulting in diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus infection
Seok Weon Kim, Hyeok Choon Kwon, Seung Woo Nam, Jong Kyung Choi, Joo Won Chung, Dong Won Jang, Soo Yoen Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2017;34(1):96-100.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2017.34.1.96
  • 1,704 View
  • 14 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Amebic liver abscess (ALA) is the most common extraintestinal manifestation of amebiasis. Amebiasis, a parasitic infection caused by Entamoeba histolytica, used to be a prevalent protozoan disease in Korea, however, with an improving sanitary system, it has been among very uncommon etiology of liver abscess. A recent report suggested that ALA is an emerging parasitic infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients even in areas where the disease is not endemic and recommended HIV screening in patients in areas where ALA is not endemic, particularly those without history of travel to a disease-endemic area. We report on two patients who were admitted for treatment of ALA and then diagnosed as HIV infection. We also reviewed the etiology and characteristics of ALA in our hospital during the last 5 years.

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science