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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Volume 19(2); December 2002
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Reviews
Thoracolumbar Spine Injury.
Myun Whan Ahn
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2002;19(2):73-91.   Published online December 31, 2002
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2002.19.2.73
  • 1,406 View
  • 4 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Method of management of the spine injury should be determined, based on the status of neurological injury as well as on the presence of traumatic instability. At the thoracic and lumbar spine, patterns of neurological injury are different from the cervical spine due to their neuro-anatomical characteristics. Especially, at the thoracolumbar junction, neurological injury patterns with their respective prognosis vary from the complete cord injury or conus medullaris syndrome to the cauda equina syndrome according to the injury level. The concept of Holdsworth's instability based on the posterior ligament complex theory has evolved into the current 3-column theory of Denis. Flexion-rotation injury and fracture-dislocation are well known to be unstable that surgical fixation is frequently needed for these injuries. However, there have been some controversies for the stability of burst fractures and their treatment, such as indirect or direct decompression and anterior or posterior approach. In this article, current concepts and management of traumatic instabilities at the thoracic and lumbar spine have been reviewed and summarized.
What is Emergency Medicine and Its Agenda for Future.
Byung Soo Do, Sam Beom Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2002;19(2):92-98.   Published online December 31, 2002
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2002.19.2.92
  • 1,420 View
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Emergency medicine(EM) is the specialty of evaluating, stabilizing and initiating treatment for patients with life or limb-threatening illnesses or injuries. Techniques unique to the specialty of EM are the triage systems, quick stabilization methods, and emergency surgery procedures. The field of EM encompasses areas such as emergency department management, disaster planning and management, the management of emergency medical service(EMS) systems, research into such areas as brain and heart resuscitation, trauma and disaster management, survival medicine, and environmental emergencies(cold and heat injuries, poisioning, decompression sickness and barotrauma). Today, in addition to providing emergency care, the emergency specialists have moral and legal obligations to assess and report probable cases of child and spouse abuse, sexual assault, and alcohol and drug abuse. Future, the EM should provide surveillance, identification, intervention, and evaluation of injury and disease, therefore EM will remain as a key component of evolving community health care system.
Original Articles
Clinical Analysis of Patch Repair of Ventricular Septal Defect in Infant.
Tae Eun Jung, Jang Hoon Lee, Dong Hyup Lee, Jung Cheul Lee, Sung Sae Han, Sae Yeun Kim, Dae Lim Ji
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2002;19(2):99-106.   Published online December 31, 2002
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2002.19.2.99
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Simple ventricular septal defect(VSD) is the most common congenital heart disease. Although closure of VSD is currently associated with a relatively low risk, experience with younger and smaller infants has been variably less satisfactory. We assessed the results of surgical closure of VSD in infant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1996 and 2000, 45 non-restrictive VSD patients underwent patch repair and retrospective analysis was done. Patients were divided into two groups based on weight: group I infants weighed 5kg or less(n=16), and group II infants weighed more than 5kg(n=29). Both groups had similar variation in sex, VSD location, aortic cross clamp time and total bypass time. But combined diseases (ASD, PDA, MR) were more in group I. We closed VSD with patch and used simple continuous suture method in all patients. RESULTS: There were no operative mortality, no reoperation for hemodynamically significant residual shunt and no surgically induced complete heart block. As a complication, pneumonia(group I: 2 cases, group II: 2 cases), transient seizure(group II: 2), wound infection(group I: 1, group II: 1), urinary tract infection(group I: 1) and chylopericardium(group I: 1) developed, and there was no significant difference between two groups(p>0.05). CONCLUSION: Early primary closure with simple continuous suture method was applicable in all patients with non-restrictive VSD without any serious complications.
Comparison of Ga-67, Tl-201 and Tc-99m MIBI Imaging in Lymphoma Patients.
Kyung Ah Chun, Ihn Ho Cho, Kyu Chang Won, Kyung Hee Lee, Hyung Woo Lee, Myung Soo Hyun, Jae Tae Lee, Kyu Bo Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2002;19(2):107-115.   Published online December 31, 2002
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2002.19.2.107
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE: Ga-67 scintigraphy has been used for the evaluation of tumors, especially lymphoma. Recently, Tl-201 and Tc-99m MIBI were also used to tumor imaging. Tl-201 and Tc-99m MIBI had better physiologic characteristics than Ga-67, so we studied 32 biopsy proven lymphoma patients (male 24, female 8, mean age 46 years) with Ga-67, Tl-201 or Tc-99m MIBI and compared the scan findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three of 32 patients were injected 74-111 MBq (2-3 mCi) of Tl-201, before chemotherapy and imaged with dual-headed SPECT (Prism 2000, Picker, USA) at 30 minutes after injection. Delayed images were obtained after 3 hr in 8 patients. Twenty seven of 32 patients were injected 740 MBq (20 mCi) of Tc-99m MIBI and imaged at 30 minutes after injection. 111-185 MBq (3-5 mCi) of Ga-67 was injected in 12 patients and imaged at 48 and 72 hours after injection. Twenty eight patients were diagnosed as non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and others were Hodgkin's lymphoma. RESULTS: Twenty patients were positive on Tl-201 scan and 3 patients showed negative findings. One of these 3 patients, Tc-99m MIBI and Ga-67 scan were positive. Twenty two patients were positive on Tc-99m MIBI scan and 5 patients showed negative findings. One of these 5 patients, Tl-201 was positive and 2 were positive on Ga-67 scan. Ten of 12 patients showed positive findings on Ga-67 scan. The sensitivity of these agents were 83.3%, 87.0% and 81.5% for Ga-67, Tl-201 and Tc-99m MIBI, respectively. The sensitivity was highest in Tl-201 scan, but there were no significant differences among three tests. In this study, there was no significant difference of uptake ratios between early and delayed images of Tl-201. CONCLUSION: Scintigraphy with Tl-201 and Tc-99m MIBI in lymphoma patients have similar sensitivity with Ga-67.
Preoperative Staging of Endometrial Carcinoma by MRI.
See Hyung Kim, Jae Ho Cho, Bok Hwan Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2002;19(2):116-125.   Published online December 31, 2002
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2002.19.2.116
  • 1,282 View
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
In patients with endometrial carcinoma, preoperative evaluation of exact staging has important prognostic and therapeutic implications. The incidence of pelvic and aortic lymph node involvement in endometrial carcinoma depends on grade of tumor differentiation and depth of myometrial invasion. MATERIAL AND METHOD: To evaluate whether MRI provides a preoperative assessment for staging of endometrial carcinoma, MRI was undertaken in 28 patients, a few weeks before operation. Myometrial invasion was devided in three categories, and involvement of cervix, adnexa, and pelvic cavity were classified. RESULTS: The results of MR imaging were compared with these of pathology. The preoperative MRI staging of endometrial carcinoma was correct in 22 out of 28 patients. In the evaluation of myometrial invasion, the MR imaging underestimated in 4 cases and overestimated in 1 case. CONCLUSION: In patients with endometrial carcinoma, MR imaging is very useful in the assessment of the depth of myometrial invasion, stromal invasion of cevix, lymphatic & pelvic metastases and extent of the lesion.
The Results and Prognostic Factors of Mitomycin C Trabeculectomy in Neovascular Glaucoma.
Yun Tae Kim, Soon Cheol Cha
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2002;19(2):126-135.   Published online December 31, 2002
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2002.19.2.126
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Neovascular glaucoma is common secondary glaucoma at high risk for failure of glaucoma filtering surgery. Recently, trabeculectomy with adjunctive mitomycin C trabeculectomy has been tried to improve the surgical success rate of conventional trabeculectomy. But, the long-term effects of mitomycin C trabeculectomy for neovascular glaucoma are unknown. Thus, we evaluated the long-term effects of mitomycin C trabeculectomy and its prognostic factors influencing the outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 62 eyes of 55 neovascular glaucoma who had undergone mitomycin C trabeculectomy were retrospectively reviewed. Surgical success was defined as intraocular pressures of 21 mmHg or less with or without glaucoma medications and no loss of light perception. Surgical failure was defined as postoperative loss of light perception in patients with preoperative vision better than light perception, additional glaucoma surgery, or phthisis bulbi in patients with preoperative vision of no light perception. RESULTS: Postoperative success was obtained in 37 (60%) out of 62 eyes after mean follow- up period of 23.9+/-16.2 months. Using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, cumulative success rate at the 6-, 12-, 24- and 36-month intervals were 85%, 71%, 57% and 52%, respectively. Success rate was greater in eyes with diabetic retinopathy than other causes(p=0.005) and in eyes with preoperative panretinal photocoagulation(PRP) than without PRP(p=0.015). However, Cox proportional hazard regression analysis revealed that preoperative PRP was not a significant risk factor for surgical failure. CONCLUSION: Prognosis of neovascular glaucoma caused by diabetic retinopathy was better than that caused by the other disorders following mitomycin C trabeculectomy. The author would suggest that mitomycin C trabeculectomy could be effective and relatively safe as the first procedure of choice before performing glaucoma drainage device implantation or cyclodestructive procedure.
Case Reports
Generalized Chorea-Ballismus Associated with Nonketotic Hyperglycemia in Diabetes Mellitus: A Case Report.
Hyun Ran Shin, Ji Hoon Kim, Mee Young Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2002;19(2):136-143.   Published online December 31, 2002
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2002.19.2.136
  • 1,747 View
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  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Even though the nonketotic hyperglycemia is a metabolic disorder, it complicates hemic- horea-hemiballism rarely. Moreover, generalized chorea-ballism associated with nonketotic hyperglycemia in diabetes mellitus is very rare, so it has not been reported in Korean literature. Although the precise pathophysiologic mechanisms of these disorders are still poorly understood, deficiency of gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) in nonketotic hyperglycemia or reduced GABAnergic inhibition by striatal lesion may increase inhibitory output to subthalamic nucleus. These result loss of pallidal inhibition and produce contralateral hemichorea-hemiballism. The striatal lesions, such as transient ischemia with reactive astrocytosis or small amount of petechial hemorrhage, are related with changes of magnetic resonance image (MRI) findings presumably. We report a diabetic old woman who developed generalized chorea-ballismus as a very rare complication of nonketotic hyperglycemia. Her brain MRI showed high signal intensity in left lentiform nucleus and right pallidum on T1 weighted images and low signal intensity in bilateral putamen on T2 weighted images with highly enhanced corresponding lesions on T1 weighted enhancement images.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A Case of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Initially Presented as Monochorea Associated with Ketotic Hyperglycemia
    Si Hyeong Lee, Dong Woo Lee, Yeong Min Lee, Tae Kyun Kim, Min Jeong Kwon, Soon Hee Lee, Jeong Hyun Park
    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2014; 15(4): 244.     CrossRef
Non-Surgical Treatment of Mandibular Condylar Fracture with Functional Appliance: Clinical and Radiographic Analysis of 1 Case.
Sang Deuk Chun, Jae Hwan Rho, Jae Chul Song, Byung Rho Chin
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2002;19(2):144-150.   Published online December 31, 2002
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2002.19.2.144
  • 1,429 View
  • 9 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Mandibular condylar fracture is common in mandibular fractures. Unlike other facial, skeletal fractures, most of mandibular condylar neck or head fractures are treated with closed reduction and subsequent functional therapy is essential for preventing complications including ankylosis, arthrosis and growth disturbance. From January, 2000 to September, 2002, we have treated 15 cases of mandibular condylar fractures with closed reduction by using functional appliance with bite block. Among these cases, we report a case of 14-year-old female with mandibular condylar neck fracture, resulted in good clinical and radiographic progress.

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science