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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Volume 20(1); June 2003
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Reviews
Antithrombotic Therapy for Ischemic Stroke.
Jung Sang Hah, Jun Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2003;20(1):1-12.   Published online June 30, 2003
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2003.20.1.1
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Ischemic stroke is among the principal causes of death and disability in the elderly. Although control of blood pressure, decreased cigarette smoking, and modified dietary habits are among important reasons for stroke decline, the use of antithrombotic therapy, rigorously prescribed. Several antiplatelet agents are approved to reduce the risk of recurrent stroke. Aspirin is the best-studied and most widely used antiplatelet agent for stroke prevention; it provides approximately 15% to 25% relatively risk reduction for secondary prevention of stroke or the major vascular death. Combining 2 antiplatelet agents with different mechanism of action was demonstrated to provide a substantial increase in efficacy in several studies. Anticoagulation should be considered first with potential cardiac sources of embolism. Heparin reduces development of erythrocyte-fibrin thrombi that form in regions of vascular stasis especially within the heart, in severely stenosed arteries sometimes engrafted on white thrombi, in acute arterial occlusion. Heparin should not be indiscriminately given to all acute brain ischemia patients, but may contribute to treatment of large artery occlusion and severe stenosis, cardiogenic embolism with a high acute recurrence risk, and dural sinus and cerebral venous thromobosis.
Current Concepts in Arthroscopic Treatment of Anterior Shoulder Instability.
Jae Sung Seo
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2003;20(1):13-27.   Published online June 30, 2003
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2003.20.1.13
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AbstractAbstract PDF
In the past, the report of shoulder instability undergoing open shoulder stabilization had satisfactory outcomes of greater than 90%. However, the functional loss of open procedure is severe in abduction and external rotation especially. Current arthroscopic techniques for shoulder instability result in success rate equal to open surgical procedure when the labrum is properly fixed to the glenoid rim using suture anchors, the capsule is tightened, and associated bony and soft tissue pathology is addressed. The arthroscopic surgery facilitates the view within shoulder joint for more accurate diagnosis, reduces operating time, minimises postoperative pain, reduces operative morbidity, improves shoulder function, and provides the possibility to perform other procedure simultaneously. However, to accomplish a successful arthroscopic stabilization procedure and to prevent complications, numerous advanced arthroscopic skill must be mastered. Although the arthroscope provides means to visualize new lesions, the pathomechanism and biomechanical explanation is not clear yet. Further studies are necessary to develop for shoulder reconstruction.
Original Articles
Physeal Remodeling after Internal Fixation of Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis.
Se Dong Kim, Byung Won Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2003;20(1):28-35.   Published online June 30, 2003
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2003.20.1.28
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE: To evaluate physeal remodeling after internal fixation of slipped capital femoral epiphysis, We performed a retrospective review of the medical records and radiographs of 14 children (17 cases) who had had slipped capital femoral epiphysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 14 patients who had slipped capital femoral epiphysis. They were divided two groups. Group I were in situ pinning with single screw and group II were corrective osteotomy with multiple pinning. We identified physeal remodeling camparing with their preoperative, postoperative and last follow-up radiographs with measuring physeal- shaft angle. RESULTS: Early closure of the physis was observed in 6 cases among 14 patients (17 hips). Compared with their postoperative radiographs, the last follow up radiographic study revealed that physeal remodeling was observed in 4 patients (4 hips) at group I (mean, 7.8degree), in 2 patients (3 hips) at group II (mean, 10.7degree). CONCLUSION: In this study, physeal remodeling was observed in 4 patients (4 hips) in group I and 2 patients (3 hips) in group II. The incidence of physeal remodeling was related with degree of epiphyseal slippage, and age was not related with physeal remodeling potential.
The Efficacy of Biofeedback and Electrical Stimulation by Kontinence HMT2000 in the Treatment of Stress Urinary Incontinence Patients.
Yeun Kyoung Bae, Dae Hyung Lee, Sung Chul Park, Sung Hee Jin, Min Whan Koh, Tae Hyung Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2003;20(1):36-44.   Published online June 30, 2003
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2003.20.1.36
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  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
To evaluate the efficacy of EMG biofeedback and pelvic floor electrical stimulation in the stress urinary incontinence patients by Kontinence HMT2000. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A group of 14 patients with stress urinary incontinence were treated with combined biofeedback and intravaginal electrical stimulation during 12 sessions from 2 weeks to 6 weeks. RESULTS: At immediate post treatment, subjective cure rate was 28% and improvement rate was 57% and failure rate was 15%. Thus the overall success rate for this treatment was 85%. The result of 3 months after treatment showed cure rate 14% and improvement rate was 43%. Intravaginal pressure increased by an average of 11.9 cmH2O. Increased vaginal pressure was found in 93% of the patients and more than 50% increment of intravaginal pressure was 71%. CONCLUSIONS: Combined biofeedback and pelvic floor electrical stimulation by use of Kontinence HMT2000 is effective for the patients who have good compliance, relative low degree stress urinary incontinence. In order to attain good results, a well structured program that teaches specific muscle exercise and the patients should be followed by regular interval reinforcement treatment.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Effects of Electric Stimulation and Biofeedback for Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercise in Women with Vaginal Rejuvenation Women
    Jung Bok Lee, So Young Choi
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2015; 45(5): 713.     CrossRef
Clinical Evaluation about the Immediate Implant Replacement after Tooth Extraction.
Eun Young Yang, Sang Deuk Chun, Jae Hwan Rho, Seung Eun Lee, Jae Chul Song, Byung Rho Chin
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2003;20(1):45-52.   Published online June 30, 2003
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2003.20.1.45
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Immediate implant placement has become an acceptable treatment for the edentulous area. The advantages of the immediate implant placement include considerable decrease in time from tooth extraction to placement of the finial prosthesis, fewer surgical procedures, and better acceptance of the overall treatment plans. But the success is dependent on the quantity and quality of the extraction socket. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the success of the immediate implant placement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one sites in 16 patients were selected for the evaluation of the immediate implant placement. All of the cases were followed using clinical and radiographic examinations. Criteria of success were the absence of peri-implant radiolucency, mobility, and persistent pain or sign of infection. RESULTS: Of the 21 implants, 13 implants have been succeeded. Of the 13 implants, 10 implants were replaced for the periodontal disease and 3 implants were replaced for the trauma. CONCLUSION: The criteria of the success in immediate implant placement are as follows. 1) Implants placed into fresh extraction sockets have a high rate of survival. 2) Implant should be placed as close as possible to the alveolar crest. 3) Implant placed into available bone beyond the apex have a high success rate.
The Relationship Between Body Composition and Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Women.
Jin Wook Chae, Il Hoe Kim, Woo Sung Kwon, Keun Mi Lee, Seung Pil Jung, Yong Moon
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2003;20(1):53-61.   Published online June 30, 2003
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2003.20.1.53
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  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Body weight is an important factor that influence the bone density in postmenopausal women except estrogen dificiency. However, different results are reported about the relationship between body composition and bone density in the postmenopausal women. We have studied the relationship between age, body weight, body mass index (BMI), waist hip ratio (WHR), muscle mass, fat mass, fat free mass and bone density. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have studied 127 persons of postmenopausal women who visited university medical center and examined the inbody 3.0 and Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) from Jan, 2001 to Jun, 2002. they didn't have any disease and didn't received hormone therapy, osteoporosis therapy or other medication that influence the bone density. RESULTS: The numbers of study subjects is total 127 persons. Mean age is 56.9+/-5.14, mean weight is 59.3+/-8.7 kg, mean BMI is 25.37+/-3.16 (kg/m2), mean fat mass is 20.02+/-5.05 kg, mean muscle mass is 37.49+/-4.50 kg, mean fat free mass is 39.80+/-4.70, mean BMD is 0.828+/-0.148 (g/cm2). In the result of linear regression analysis, age, height, weight, muscle mass, fat free mass, fat mass, BMI are significant determinants of BMD. In stepwise multiple regression analysis, age is the most significant determinant of BMD and besides age, fat free mass is the most significant determinant of BMD among body composition. CONCLUSION: In postmenopausal women, age, height, weight, BMI, muscle mass, fat free mass, fat mass are significant determinants of BMD and besides age, fat free mass is the most significant determinant of BMD among the body composition. So, diet and exercise that increase fat free mass will contribute to bone density increment.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Problems with Bone Health and the Influencing Factors of Bone Mineral Density in Women across the Life Cycle
    Nami Chun, Hyunju Chae
    Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing.2015; 21(1): 43.     CrossRef
  • Association between bone mineral density and remaining teeth in postmenopausal women
    Kyeong-Soo Lee, Chang-Suk Kim
    Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene.2014; 14(3): 319.     CrossRef
  • Association of Anthropometric and Biochemical Factors with Bone Mineral Density in Korean Adult Women Data from the Fourth (2008~2009) and Fifth (2010~2011) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES IV & V)
    Soon-Nam Choi, Kwang-Hyun Jho, Nam-Yong Chung
    Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association.2014; 20(3): 157.     CrossRef
  • A Study of Factors Influencing the Bone Mineral Density on Premenopausal Women: Using the 2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data
    Young-Mi Chun, Sun-Hee Lee
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2013; 14(12): 6246.     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated with Bone Mineral Density in Korean Postmenopausal Women Aged 50 Years and Above: Using 2008-2010 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Son-Ok Mun, Jihye Kim, Yoon Jung Yang
    Korean Journal of Community Nutrition.2013; 18(2): 177.     CrossRef
The Relationship Between Adiposity and Risk factors for Cadiovascular Disease at Normal Body Weight Male.
Woo Sung Kwon, Jun Su Kim, Jin Wook Chae, Keun Mi Lee, Seung Pil Jung, Yong Moon
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2003;20(1):62-70.   Published online June 30, 2003
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2003.20.1.62
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Most of all studies about the relation between the health risk and obesity are based on the European and American data. The purpose of this study is to examine the relation between adiposity and risk factors for cardio vacular disease (CVD) in normal weight individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Normal weight subjects with a body mass index (BMI) between 18.5 and 23 kg/m2 (76 subjects) and overweight subjects with a BMI between 23 and 25 kg/m2 (53 subjects) were retained for this study. Normal weight subjects were divided into three group of each adiposity variable, then three group and the overweight group were evaluated for the presence of CVD risk factors and analyze the correlation coefficients between adiposity variables and risk factors controlled for age in normal weight, overweight groups. Using logistic regression analysis, the odds ratio (OR) for the prevalence of risk factors for each group of adiposity variables and the overweight group was estimated relative to the first group in normal weight subjects. RESULTS: Systolic BP, diastolic BP, LDL cholestrol, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides in normal weight subjects were significantly correlated with all adiposity variables (P<0.01). Third group (3.7 for %fat and 4.7 for fat mass)of adiposity variables in the normal weight group and the overweight group (6.6 for %fat and 11.5 for fat mass) tended to have higher ORs compared to first group for risk factor variables. CONCLUSION: Normal weight subjects with elevated adiposity had higher prevalence of risk factors than normal weights subjects with less adiposity. Measuring of adiposity added additional information of cardiovascular disease risk factors in normal weight subjects.
Case Reports
A Case of Unilateral Absence of Left Pulmonary Artery Presenting Hemoptysis.
Hye Jin Yoon, Tae Mook No, Seon Woong Kim, Dong Hi Park, In Seek Kim, Yeon Jae Kim, Byung Ki Lee, Ji Young Park, Jin Hong Chung
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2003;20(1):71-78.   Published online June 30, 2003
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2003.20.1.71
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Unilateral absence of a pulmonary artery (UAPA) is a rare congenital anomaly that is frequently associated with other cardiovascular anomalies first reported by Fraentzel in 1968. Most patients who have no associated cardiac anomalies have only minor or absent symptoms. We experienced a case of isolated UAPA in a young female presenting hemoptysis. The chest radiograph showed a small left lung volume and high resolutional CT of chest showed multiple subpleural nodules and centrilobular nodules in parenchyma. The video-assisted thoracoscopic biopsy revealed diffuse dilated vessels in visceral pleura. The pulmonary angiogram confirmed the absence of the left main pulmonary artery.
A Case of Pyoderma Gangrenosum in Rheumotoid Arthritis Patient.
Dong Hwan Ryu, Chang Mo Kwon, Jung Hun Lee, Young Hun Hong, Choong Ki Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2003;20(1):79-84.   Published online June 30, 2003
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2003.20.1.79
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Pyoderma gangrenosum is uncommon neutrophilic dermatosis characterized by richness of the mature neutrophilic polynuclear dermal infiltrate. Pyoderma gangrenosum is associated with variable diseases, most commonly inflammatory bowel disease, hematological diseases, malignancies, but it is reported rarely in rheumatoid arthritis. We report a case of pyoderma gangrenosum in rheumoid arthritis patient. A 50-year-old woman admitted to our hospital due to painful pretibial ulcerative skin lesions. She had been treated as rheumatoid arthritis for 8 years. At admission, body temperature was 36.5degrees C and other vital sign was unremarkable. Physical examination revealed right pretibial ulceration, multiple pustules on left pretibial area and both palms. Laboratory studies revealed WBC count 7,600/uL (neutrophils 60.3%, eosinophil 3.2%), hemoglobin 11.4 g/dL, platelet count 319,000/uL, ESR 65 mm/hour. Other lab findings were also unremarkable. Skin biopsy was done, which showed dense dermal infiltrate of neutrophils and wound culture were negative. By 8 weeks after systemic high dose corticosteroid (1 mg/kg/day), cyclosporine A (5 mg/kg/day), sulfasalazine 2 g therapy, symptoms and skin ulceration were being improved. Without skin relapse, she is followed up our hospital with low dose corticosteroid and sulfasalazine.
Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Spermatic Cord: A Case Report.
Ji Yoon Kim, Seong Ho Lee, Hee Chang Jung, Dong Sug Kim, Jae Ho Cho
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2003;20(1):85-91.   Published online June 30, 2003
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2003.20.1.85
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of the spermatic cord represents an uncommon location for the most common soft tissue tumor in adults. MFH of the spermatic cord is extremely rare. No case report has been described in the Korean literature. We report a case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma, myxoid type, arising from left spermatic cord. A 77-year-old male presented with a painless left upper scrotal mass for 5 months. Simple mass excision was performed for a diagnosis. Grossly, the mass closely contacted with the left spermatic cord. Since a myxoid type of malignant fibrous histiocytoma was diagnosed from histopathological findings, left radical orchiectomy with high ligation of the spermatic cord was performed additionally. There were no evidence of local recurrence or metastasis at 6 months after surgery.
A Case of Bilateral Testicular Teratoma Found in Infant.
Un Gi Baek, Seok Young Chung, Woo Seok Choi, Phil Hyun Song, Chul Kyu Cho, Ki Hak Moon, Dong Sug Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2003;20(1):92-98.   Published online June 30, 2003
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2003.20.1.92
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Testicular teratoma is characterized that has more than one germ cell layer in various stages of maturation and differentiation. The incidence of mature teratoma varies from 2 to 9% of all germinal testicular tumor. Only 3 cases of bilateral teratoma have been reported in the literature to date. The teratoma can occurs at all ages but is most common between the age of 15-35 year. It is relatively infrequently seen in childhood and infancy. In these age group, teratoma tends to be a benign. Recently, we experienced one case of bilateral testicular teratoma in 4 month-old infancy. We report a case of bilateral testicular teratoma found infancy with review of related literatures.
A Case of Coexistent Lichen Sclerosus et Atrophicus and Morphea.
Jin Woo Park, Woo Jin Kim, Ki Baek Jeong, Dong Hoon Shin, Jong Soo Choi, Ki Hong Kim, Young Ran Shim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2003;20(1):99-103.   Published online June 30, 2003
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2003.20.1.99
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Cases of coexistent lichen sclerosus et artrophicus and morphea have been reported. It is controversial that both diseases are single disease-spectrum or entirely separated. We encounterd a forty five year old female with a hypopigmented firm plaque on the left neck. Its histologic feature showed compact orthokeratosis, follicular plugging, atrophy of the stratum malpighii with vacuolar alteration of basal layer, and homogenization of the collagen in the upper dermis (lichen sclerosus et atrophicus). Increased thick collagen bundles were seen in the lower dermis (morphea).

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science