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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Hyo-Shin Kim 3 Articles
Rates and subsequent clinical course of fetal congenital anomalies detected by prenatal targeted ultrasonography of 137 cases over 5 years in a single institute: a retrospective observational study
Haewon Choi, Hyo-Shin Kim, Joon Sakong
J Yeungnam Med Sci. 2023;40(3):268-275.   Published online November 2, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/jyms.2022.00514
  • 1,405 View
  • 55 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
With the establishment of international guidelines and changes in insurance policies in Korea, the role of targeted ultrasonography has increased. This study aimed to identify the rates and clinical course of anomalies detected using prenatal targeted ultrasonography.
Methods
This study was a retrospective analysis of all pregnancies with targeted ultrasonography performed in a single secondary medical center over 5 years.
Results
Fetal anomalies were detected by targeted ultrasonography in 137 of the 8,147 cases (1.7%). The rates of anomalies were significantly higher in female fetuses (2.0% vs. 1.3%). In cases of female fetuses, the rate of anomalies was significantly higher in the advanced maternal age group (2.4% vs. 1.2%). In cases of male fetuses, the rate of anomalies was significantly higher in nulliparous (2.4% vs. 1.5%) and twin (5.7% vs. 1.9%) pregnancies. Pulmonary anomalies were significantly more common in the multiparity group (17.6% vs. 5.8%). Among the 137 cases, 17.5% terminated the pregnancy, 16.8% were diagnosed as normal after birth, and 42.3% were diagnosed with anomalies after birth or required follow-up.
Conclusion
Through the first study on the rates and clinical course of anomalies detected by targeted ultrasonography at a single secondary center in Korea, we found that artificial abortions were performed at a high rate, even for relatively mild anomalies or anomalies with good prognosis. We suggest the necessity of a nationwide study to establish clinical guidelines based on actual incidences or prognoses.
Clinical outcomes of hysterectomy for benign diseases in the female genital tract: 6 years’ experience in a single institute
Hyo-Shin Kim, Yu-Jin Koo, Dae-Hyung Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2020;37(4):308-313.   Published online April 24, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2020.00185
  • 5,463 View
  • 179 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
Hysterectomy is one of the major gynecologic surgeries. Historically, several surgical procedures have been used for hysterectomy. The present study aims to evaluate the surgical trends and clinical outcomes of hysterectomy performed for benign diseases at the Yeungnam University Hospital.
Methods
We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent a hysterectomy for benign diseases from 2013 to 2018. Data included the patients’ demographic characteristics, surgical indications, hysterectomy procedures, postoperative pathologies, and perioperative outcomes.
Results
A total of 809 patients were included. The three major indications for hysterectomy were uterine leiomyoma, pelvic organ prolapse, and adenomyosis. The most common procedure was total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH, 45.2%), followed by open hysterectomy (32.6%). During the study period, the rate of open hysterectomy was nearly constant (29.4%–38.1%). The mean operative time was the shortest in the single-port laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH, 89.5 minutes), followed by vaginal hysterectomy (VH, 96.8 minutes) and TLH (105 minutes). The mean decrease in postoperative hemoglobin level was minimum in single-port LAVH (1.8 g/dL) and VH (1.8 g/dL). Conversion to open surgery or multi-port surgery occurred in five cases (0.6%). Surgical complications including wound dehiscence, organ injuries, and conditions requiring reoperation were observed in 52 cases (6.4%).
Conclusion
Minimally invasive approach was used for most hysterectomies for benign diseases, but the rate of open hysterectomy has mostly remained constant. Single-port LAVH and VH showed the most tolerable outcomes in terms of operative time and postoperative drop in hemoglobin level in selected cases.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Analysis of Different Routes of Hysterectomy Based on a Prospective Algorithm and Their Complications in a Tertiary Care Institute
    Subrat Panda, Ananya Das, Rituparna Das, Nalini Sharma, Wansalan Shullai, Vinayak Jante, Anusuya Sharma, Kaushiki Singh, Prateeti Baruah, Ruksana Makakmayum, Imtiaz Wani
    Minimally Invasive Surgery.2022; 2022: 1.     CrossRef
Clinical and histopathologic analysis of gynecological cancer: a single institute experience over 7 years
Soo-Young Lee, Eunbyeol Kim, Hyo-Shin Kim, Yu-Jin Koo, Dae-Hyung Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2020;37(3):179-185.   Published online March 5, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2019.00451
  • 5,418 View
  • 169 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
Approximately 100,000 women are diagnosed with cancer each year in Korea. According to a survey by the Korean central cancer registry in 2016, uterine cervical cancer, uterine corpus cancer, and ovarian cancer were the 5th, 7th, and 8th most prevalent cancers respectively among Korean women. The present study aims to review the clinico-pathologic characteristics of patients who were treated for major gynecological malignancies at Yeungnam University Medical Center.
Methods
Patients with invasive gynecological cancers from January 2012 to February 2019 were retrospectively identified. We analyzed the clinical features, demographic profiles, pathologic data, treatment modality used, adjuvant treatment used, complications, recurrence, and survival outcomes.
Results
A total of 287 patients (cervical cancer 115; corporal cancer 86; and ovarian, tubal, or primary peritoneal cancer 90) were included. Most cervical (82.7%) and corporal cancers (89.5%) were diagnosed in the early stages (stage I or II), while more than half (58.9%) the cases of ovarian, tubal or peritoneal cancers were diagnosed in the advanced stages (stage III or IV). Surgical complications were observed in 12.2% of cervical cancers, 16.3% of uterine corpus cancers, and 11.1% of ovarian, tubal, and peritoneal cancers, respectively. The 5-year overall survival rate was 94.1%, 91.0%, and 77.1% for cervical, corporal, and ovarian, tubal, or peritoneal cancers, respectively.
Conclusion
Surgical treatment was satisfactory in terms of the incidence of complications, and survival outcomes were generally good. Clinicians should be aware of the clinical and histopathological characteristics of patients with gynecological cancers to be able to provide optimal strategies and counseling.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Molecular landscape of recurrent cervical cancer
    Divya Adiga, Sangavi Eswaran, Deeksha Pandey, Krishna Sharan, Shama Prasada Kabekkodu
    Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology.2021; 157: 103178.     CrossRef
  • Histopathological Study of Gynecological Cancers in Patients Admitted to Baqiyatallah Hospital in Tehran during 2011-2019
    Seyedeh Razieh Hashemi, Mohammad Reza Akbari, Zahra Soleimani
    Avicenna Journal of Clinical Medicine.2021; 28(1): 42.     CrossRef

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science