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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Volume 26(1); June 2009
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Reviews
Adult Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Cell Therapy in Clinical Application.
In Hwan Song
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(1):1-14.   Published online June 30, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.1.1
  • 1,922 View
  • 11 Download
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a rare population of undifferentiated cells that have the capacity of self renewal and the ability to differentiate into mesodermal phenotypes, including osteocytes, chondrocytes, and adipocytes in vitro. Recently, MSCs have been shown to reside within the connective tissue of most organs, and their surface phenotype has been well analyzed. Many reports showed that transplanted MSCs enhanced regeneration as well as functional improvement of damaged organs and tissues. The wide differentiation plasticity of MSCs was expected to contribute to their demonstrated efficacy in a wide variety of experimental animal models and in human clinical trials. However, new findings suggest that the ability of MSCs to alter the tissue microenvironment via secretion of soluble factors may contribute more significantly than their capacity for differentiation in tissue repair. This review describes what is known about the cellular characteristics and differentiation potential of MSCs, which represent a promising stem cell population for further applications in regenerative medicine.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Application of Bio-Active Elastin-like Polypeptide on Regulation of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cell Behavior
    Vijaya Sarangthem, Harshita Sharma, Mohini Mendiratta, Ranjit Kumar Sahoo, Rang-Woon Park, Lalit Kumar, Thoudam Debraj Singh, Sujata Mohanty
    Biomedicines.2022; 10(5): 1151.     CrossRef
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cells Decrease Oxidative Stress in the Bowels of Interleukin-10 Knockout Mice
    Kyong Jin Jung, Gun Woo Lee, Chul Hyun Park, Tae Jin Lee, Joo Young Kim, Eon Gi Sung, Seong Yong Kim, Byung Ik Jang, In Hwan Song
    Gut and Liver.2020; 14(1): 100.     CrossRef
  • Human adipose-derived stem cells attenuate inflammatory bowel disease in IL-10 knockout mice
    Woo Yeun Jung, Joo Hwan Kang, Kyung Gon Kim, Hee Snn Kim, Byung Ik Jang, Yong Hoon Park, In-Hwan Song
    Tissue and Cell.2015; 47(1): 86.     CrossRef
Clinical Application of Cardiac Hybrid Imaging in Coronary Artery Disease.
Ihn Ho Cho, Eun Jung Kong
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(1):15-23.   Published online June 30, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.1.15
  • 1,579 View
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Constant technological developments in coronary artery disease have contributed to the assessment of both the presence of coronary stenosis and its hemodynamic consequences. Hence, noninvasive imaging helps guide therapeutic decisions by providing complementary information on coronary morphology and on myocardial perfusion and metabolism. This can be done using single photon emission computed tomography(SPECT) or positron emission tomography(PET) and multidetector CT(MDCT). Advances in image-processing software and the advent of SPECT/CT and PET/CT have paved the way for the combination of image datasets from different modalities, giving rise to hybrid imaging. Three dimensional cardiac hybrid imaging helped to confirm hemodynamic significance in many lesions, add new lesions such as left main coronay artery disease, exclude equivocal defects, correct the corresponding arteries to their allocated defects and identify culprit segment. Cardiac hybrid imaging avoids the mental integration of functional and morphologic images and facilitates a comprehensive interpretation of coronary lesions and their pathophysiologic adequacy by three dimensional display of fused images, and allows the best evaluation of myocardial territories and the coronary-artery branches that serve each territory. This integration of functional and morphological information were feasible to intuitively convincing and might facilitate developmnt of a comprehensive non-invasive assessment of coronary artery disease.
Original Articles
Two Year Experiences of the International Elective Clerkship for Medical Students.
Sam Beom Lee, Jae Beum Bang, Young Hwan Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(1):24-29.   Published online June 30, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.1.24
  • 1,773 View
  • 3 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The aims of medical education have recently been changing in Korea, which has been accompanied by efforts to modify the rotating clerkship courses, improve the quality of clinical education, and make global doctors. We report the experiences of medical students going through an international elective clerkship for during past two years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Third year medical students could apply to the international elective clerkship course during a 4 week period after their third-year rotating clerkship at a university hospital. This was done twice-in 2008 and in 2009. Applicant students were allowed to select hospitals anywhere in the world. We analyzed their choices including data on nation, state or city, hospital or institute, contacted hospitals by medical college, differences of two years, etc. RESULTS: Twelve students (10.9%) of a total of 75 third-year students applied to 3 nations and 4 hospitals in 2008. Nine students applied to the Tampa General Hospital at the University of South Florida (USF) in the USA, which was arranged by their medical college. In 2009, a total of five (4.2%) of 77 students applied to 2 nations and 3 hospitals, including three at the University of South Florida, one in another city in the USA, and one in another nation because of the increased financial burden due to a higher exchange rate. CONCLUSION: Medical students started their first international elective clerkship courses during the past two years. Experiences were interesting and meaningful to the students and the medical college. Greater effort and support to developing a new paradigm and to enlarge the scope of the program for making global doctors are required in the future.
Radiologic Findings of Renal Oncocytomas.
Jae Ho Cho
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(1):30-37.   Published online June 30, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.1.30
  • 1,675 View
  • 2 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE: To radiologically differentiate renal oncocytoma from other renal solid tumors, we analyzed and characterized, retrogradely, radiologic findings of renal oncocytomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Radiologic findings of pathologically proven renal oncocytoma were analyzed in 9 patients. CT was performed in all patients, ultrasonography in 4 patients and MRI in 3 patients. (51) RESULTS: On ultrasonography, the echogenicity of the mass was slightly more hyperechoic than normal renal parenchyma in all 4 cases. Two cases were homogeneous and the remaining two cases were relatively homogeneous. On CT, all 8 cases showed iso-density to slightly low density compared to normal renal parenchyma and 5 cases were homogeneous but the central portion of the mass was of a slightly lower density than the peripheral portion in 3 cases. All six cases had an arterial phase scan and were heterogeneously enhanced. An irregular, lower-enhancing portion was found in the central portion of the mass. Segmental inversion of contrast enhancement was found in 5 of 6 cases that had a dynamic enhancement study. On MR T1-weighted imaging, the mass was of iso-signal intensity to normal renal parenchyma and the central portion of the mass had a slightly hypo-signal intensity than the peripheral portion. On T2-weighted imaging, 2 cases were heterogeneous; the peripheral portion was of low signal intensity and the central portion was of higher signal intensity than normal renal parenchyma. One case was relatively homogeneous and showed a slightly lower signal intensity than that of normal renal parenchyma, except for a central small portion showing high signal intensity. For 2 cases that had a dynamic study, a segmental inversion of contrast enhancement was noted. CONCLUSION: Renal oncocytoma is seen as a well-marginated solid mass lesion. On enhanced scans it is heterogeneously enhanced and segmental inversion of contrast enhancement may be seen. The possibility of oncocytoma can be suggested in cases showing these radiologic findings.
Case Reports
Anesthetic Management of a Patient with Kimura's Disease.
Eun Ji Choi, Sang Jin Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(1):38-43.   Published online June 30, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.1.38
  • 1,858 View
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Kimura's disease is an idiopathic chronic condition, associated with a high-titer of IgE and peripheral eosinophilia. It frequently presents as a solitary or multiple lesions in the head and neck area. During the perioperative period, anesthesiologists should understand the anatomical structures of the patient who has Kimura's disease involvement of the head and neck, especially the airway. It is important to pay attention to the occurrence of signs and symptoms of acute allergic reactions related to a high-titer of IgE and eosinophilia. We report our experience with anesthetic management in an 18-year-old patient with multiple neck masses due to Kimura's disease.
A Case of Tarsal Bone Tuberculosis in a Patient with Polycythemia Vera.
Sung Ae Koh, Se Hun Shon, Dong Gun Kim, Sung Woo Park, Choong Ki Lee, Kyung Hee Lee, Min Kyoung Kim, Myung Soo Hyun
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(1):44-48.   Published online June 30, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.1.44
  • 1,741 View
  • 0 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Talus tuberculosis is a rare disease, even in an endemic tuberculosis area. In reviews of the worldwide literature, only 18 cases of talus tuberculosis have been reported. Recently, we experienced a case of a 70-year-old polycythemia vera patient with right metatarsopharyngeal joint pain for 2 months duration who was diagnosed with talus tuberculosis with prostate involvement. Tuberculosis should be considered as one of the causes of monoarticulitis, especially in countries, where the disease is endemic. Additionally, we highly recommend taking a biopsy of the site of suspected infection because an early diagnosis is the key to successful treatment.
A Case of Pneumatosis Intestinalis in Peritoneal Dialysis Peritonitis.
Sun Young Jung, Ji Hun Na, Yun Jung Choi, Sung Ae Koh, Ku Hyang Choi, Jong Won Park, Jun Young Do, Kyeng Woo Yun
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(1):49-55.   Published online June 30, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.1.49
  • 1,724 View
  • 3 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Peritonitis is a serious problem in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis. Rarely pneumatosis intestinalis can occur as a complication of this infectious process. Pneumatosis intestinalis is a potential life threatening condition with a challenging management. The mortality of peritoneal dialysis patients with pneumatosis intestinalis secondary to mesenteric ischemia is almost 100%. We describe a rare case of pneumatosis intestinalis in a peritoneal dialysis patient who developed Staphylococcus aureus peritonitis which was initially treated with appropriate antibiotics. Since initial response to therapy was not achieved, an abdominal computerized tomography was done which revealed a pneumatosis intestinalis. A laparotomy was performed and small bowel necrosis was seen. A segmental resection with ileostomy, jejunostomy was done. Though surgical treatment was performed, the patient died in 2 weeks after admission. Pneumocystitis intestinalis in peritoneal dialysis peritonitis is a uncommon complication which requires prompt evaluation to rule out mesenteric ischemia as it carries a high mortality and its management will be surgical.
A Case of Left Ureteral Obstruction due to Acute Appendicitis.
Seok Jeong Kang, Myong Soon Sung, Kwang Hae Choi
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(1):56-62.   Published online June 30, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.1.56
  • 1,656 View
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Appendicitis is a common cause of acute abdomen in pediatrics. Periappendiceal abscesses are frequently found in the pediatric population. Acute appendicitis in children can, at times, be a difficult clinical diagnosis because of its highly variable history? and physical manifestations and its unpredictable course. Despite the uncertainty of the diagnosis, appendicitis demands prompt treatment because of the risk of perforation, which occurs in approximately one third of cases. Urological manifestations of appendicitis and appendiceal abscess can vary. Acute appendicitis presenting with ureteral stenosis and hydronephrosis is very rare. Here, we report a case of acute appendicitis with perforation and left hydronephrosis in a 3-year-old female. This case presents a 3-year-old girl with dysuria having hydronephrosis that originated from a perforated appendix.
A Case of Parathyroid Adenoma Presenting as Acute Pancreatitis Accompanied with Empty Sella.
Eon Ju Jun, Ji He O, Kyung Ryun Bae, Saet Byul Jang, Seung Woon Jun, Eui Dal Jung, Ho Sang Shon, Kyu Chang Won
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(1):63-69.   Published online June 30, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.1.63
  • 1,656 View
  • 4 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The incidence of coexisting hyperparathyroidism and empty sella syndrome is rare and the etiology and incidence of their coexistence is not known. The association of hyperparathyroidism and the empty sella syndrome may be related to multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) syndrome due to a genetic disorder. We experienced a rare case of hyperparathyroidism presenting as acute pancreatitis combined with empty sella. We report here a 37-year old female who manifested epigastric pain because of acute pancreatitis. She had hypercalcemia due to parathyroid adenoma. A pituitary gland was not visible in the sella turcica on MRI scans. On genetic analysis, she did not show a mutation of the MENIN gene. Empty sella is thought to be a coincidental finding with hyperparathyroidism.
Bilateral Medial Medullary Infarction Demonstrated by Diffusion-Weighted Imaging: Case Report.
Han Won Jang, Woo Mok Byun
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(1):70-73.   Published online June 30, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.1.70
  • 1,400 View
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  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
A 78-year-old woman presented with weakness of the extremities, dysarthria, dizziness, and sensory impairment. Magnetic resonance imaging showed acute bilateral medial medullary infarction. Contrast enhanced magnetic resonance angiography demonstrated stenosis or occlusion of both intracranial vertebral arteries. We present a rare case of bilateral medullary infarction seen on diffusion-weighted imaging.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Bilateral Medial Medullary Infarction (Dejerene Syndrome) Patient Suffering from Quadriplegia Treated by Korean Traditional Medicine: a Case Report
    Yoo-na Lee, Yu-min An, Kyungmin Baek, Woo-seok Jang
    The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine.2020; 41(5): 902.     CrossRef
A peripheral tremor associated with intractable pain after traffic accident: case report.
Joo Chul Hong, Seong Ho Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(1):74-77.   Published online June 30, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.1.74
  • 1,483 View
  • 0 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
There are debates about whether peripherally induced movement disorders exist. We report a case of upper limb tremor induced by peripheral nerve injury. A 25-year-old male patient presented with pain and tremor of the left upper extremity, 2 days after a car accident. Magnetic resonance images of the brain and cervical spine were normal. His past medical history was unremarkable and there were no family members with symptoms of movement disorders. He suffered from an aggravating tremor for about 10 minutes, four to six times a day. We treated the patient with medication, epidural infusion, cervical nerve root block and trigger point injection of the trapezius muscle. The pain subsided 50% and the incidence of tremor attacks was reduced to once or twice a day. The role of peripheral trauma in the genesis of movement disorders has not been generally accepted. It is unclear whether peripheral trauma can induce dystonia and other movement disorders. It has been proposed that peripheral trauma can alter sensory input and induce cortical and subcortical reorganization that generates a movement disorder. Some studies provide evidence for central reorganization following peripheral injury.
Fibromuscular Dysplasia of the Distal Internal Carotid and Middle Cerebral Artery.
Ju Hyun Kim, Jun Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(1):78-83.   Published online June 30, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.1.78
  • 1,553 View
  • 6 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Fibromuscular dysplasia is an uncommon condition of idiopathic, non-inflammatory and non-atherosclerotic disease of the musculature of arterial walls. The disease is rare, but it commonly affects young and middle aged women. Isolated intracranial cerebral fibromuscular dysplasia is extremely rare because cerebral fibromuscular dysplasia usually affects extracranial vessels. A 26-year-old woman was admitted with right hemiplegia and global aphasia. Brain MRI and MRA demonstrated acute left middle cerebral artery territory infarction with a multifocal stenosis and dilatation of the left middle cerebra artery and left internal carotid. The characteristic conventional cerebral angiographic findings demonstrated a typical string-of-beads appearance in the left distal internal carotid artery and proximal portion of the left middle cerebral artery, which suggested a medial type fibromuscular dysplasia. We report a case of isolated intracranial fibromuscular dysplasia with left middle cerebral artery territory infarction. Fibromuscular dysplasia should be considered as a stroke risk factors in children and young adults, especially in patients with no known cardiovascular risk factors.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Cerebral Infarction and Recovery in a 12-Year-Old Child With Intracranial Fibromuscular Dysplasia
    Min Hwan Kim, Jae In Lee, Shin-seung Yang
    Brain & Neurorehabilitation.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science