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Tae Nyeun Kim 18 Articles
A Case of Duodenal Brunner's Gland Adenoma Treated by Endoscopic Rescetion.
Sung Joon Kim, Min Geun Gu, Jun Suk Park, Kyeong Ok Kim, Si Hyung Lee, Tae Nyeun Kim, Jun Hyuk Choi
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2011;28(1):84-89.   Published online June 30, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2011.28.1.84
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Brunneroma, also known as Brunner's gland adenoma or harmatoma, is a very rare benign tumor of the duodenum, which is usually asymptomatic, and is discovered incidentally during endoscopic exam. These lesions are most commonly located in the duodenal bulb and clinical manifestations are variable. We report on a case of a large Brunner's gland adenoma in a 54-year-old man, which was successfully removed by endoscopic resection without complications, such as bleeding or perforation. Microscopically, it was composed entirely of variable Brunner's gland.

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  • Solitary schwannoma of the ascending colon
    Myeong Su Chu, Hyun Mo Kang, Hyeong Ju Sun, Dong Min Kim, Hyong Jong Kwak
    Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine.2016; 33(1): 37.     CrossRef
Ulcerative Colitis Mimicking Acute Hemorrhagic Colitis.
Hee Jung Moon, Byung Ik Jang, Sung Bum Kim, Ho Chan Lee, Jae Hyun Park, Jong Ryul Eun, Tae Nyeun Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2008;25(2):182-186.   Published online December 31, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2008.25.2.182
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract that affects the large bowel. Its etiology remains controversial. However, an infectious or immunologic origin is considered the primary cause. The onset of UC is typically slow and insidious, but some patients may present acutely with symptoms mimicking infectious colitis. We report a case of ulcerative colitis mimicking acute hemorrhagic colitis at initial presentation. A 60-year-old man was referred to Yeungnam University Hospital for bloody diarrhea and abdominal pain. Sigmoidoscopy revealed mildly edematous mucosa in the rectum and hyperemic mucosa with petechiae in the sigmoid colon. The patient was treated with antibiotics for several days, and his symptoms improved. However, after one month, his bloody diarrhea relapsed. Follow-up sigmoidoscopy revealed mucosal friability in the rectum and sigmoid colon. He was diagnosed with ulcerative colitis, and his symptoms were improved with mesalazine and a steroid enema.
A Case of Hepatocellular Carcinoma with intradural growth Presenting as Obstructive Jaundice.
Sung Bum Kim, Tae Nyeun Kim, Sung Jun Kim, Ho Chan Lee, Jae Hyun Park, Jong Ryul Eun, Byung Ik Jang, Heon Ju Lee, Sung Su Yun, Young Kyung Bae
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2008;25(2):165-170.   Published online December 31, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2008.25.2.165
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma presenting as obstructive jaundice is 0.7~9%. The mechanisms of obstructive jaundice include bile duct invasion by tumor, tumor thrombi, blood clots, direct bile duct compression by tumor, and intraductal tumor growth. We report a rare case of hepatocellular carcinoma with intraductal growth. A 46-year-old woman was admitted due to colicky right upper abdominal pain and jaundice for 4 days. Computed tomography showed dilatation of the left intrahepatic duct, and endoscopic retrograde cholangiography showed a filling defect in the left main intrahepatic duct. We performed a left lobectomy with a Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy. The tumor was diagnosed as a hepatocellular carcinoma with intraductal growth.
Does Ulcerative Proctitis Progress to Extensive Colitis Depending on Treatment?
Youn Sun Park, Byung Ik Jang, Tae Nyeun Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2007;24(2 Suppl):S384-390.   Published online December 31, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2007.24.2S.S384
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
:The incidence of Ulcerative colitis (UC) in Korea are low compared with those of Western countries, but have been increasing rapidly during the past decades. Clinical characteristics of UC in Asian population are not well recognized. Therefore we investigated the clinical course of UC in Korea. Material and Methods:We retrospectively analyzed 211 UC patients first diagnosed and long term follow up colonoscopic examined at Yeungnam University Medical Center between 1989 and 2006. We reviewed extension of lesion by follow up endoscopic finding and symptom depend on treatment.
Results
:The male to female ratio was 1 : 1.1 and the median age at diagnosis was 46.0 years (range, 17-83 years). At diagnosis, proctitis was noted in 70 patients (33.2%), proctosigmoiditis in 40 (19%), left-sided colitis in 22 (10.4%), extensive colitis in 79 (37.4%). Further extension in the colon was most frequently observed in patients with proctitis (22.8%). In the patients initially diagnosed with proctitis, 28.6% of the patients were not taking any kind of medication for UC and 54 patients (77%, treatment group 34 patients, untreatment group 20) had not progressed during the observation period (56 months, range 2-193 months). The maximal extent of the disease was not affected by treatment (P = 0.99).
Conclusion
:The initial extent of the disease in Korean UC patients was similar to that found in other Western studies. In the present study, most of limited UC(proctitis, proctosigmoiditis, 77-82%) did not progress to extensive colitis regardless of treatments, but large scale multicenter analysis was needed.
Black Pigmentation of Terminal Ileum after Long Term Ingestion of Charcoal
Jun Young Lee, Sung Bum Kim, Sang Hoon Lee, Hee Jung Moon, Jae Won Choi, Jong Ryul Eun, Byung Ik Jang, Tae Nyeun Kim, Joon Hyuk Choi
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2007;24(2 Suppl):S623-626.   Published online December 31, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2007.24.2S.S623
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Isolated pigmentation of the terminal ileum is rare incidental finding when performing a colonoscopic examination. The common substances that cause gastrointestinal pigmentations are lipofuscin, iron sulphide(FeS), hemosiderin, and other exogenous materials such as silicates and titanium. In most cases, pigmentation of the terminal ileum has no subjective symptoms, so it is found in autopsy or incidental colonoscopic examination. The cause of pigmentation has not been clearly identified. We experienced a case of pigmentation of terminal ileum associated with long term charcoal ingestion. This finding supports that the source of ileal pigmentation is ingested material.
A Case of Gastric Bezoar Causing Ileal Obstruction During Treatment with Coca-Cola
Jun Young Lee, Sung Bum Kim, Sang Hoon Lee, Hee Jung Moon, Jong Ryul Eun, Tae Nyeun Kim, Byung Ik Jang
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2007;24(2 Suppl):S683-688.   Published online December 31, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2007.24.2S.S683
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Gastric bezoars are usually occur in patients who have undergone gastric surgery and have delayed gastric emptying. Recently, the efficacy of nasogastric lavage or endoscopic injection therapy with Coca-Cola has been reported. But the complication like intestinal obstruction has poorly been reported. We report a case of gastric bezoar causing ileal obstruction during treatment with oral administration and endoscopic injection of Coca-Cola. A 53-year-old man was referred because of epigastric pain for a day. He had a history of subtotal gastrectomy with gastroduodenostomy since 8 years ago. On upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, about 6cm sized, dark-greenish hard bezoar was impacted at gastric antrum and about 3-5cm sized three bezoars were found at body. We injected Coca-Cola into the bezoar through the endoscopy and the patient was instructed to drink four liters of Coca-Cola per day. On the 12th day of admission, the patient complained severe abdominal pain. On plain abdominal X-ray and CT scan, small bowel obstruction at proximal ileum with bezoar was suspected and exploration was performed. About 4cm sized two bezoars were impacted at proximal ileum, and small bowel resection with primary closure after removal of bezoar was performed. The patient was discharged on the 10th postoperative day without any complication.

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  • A Case of Huge Gastric Bezoar Removed by Endoscopic Combination Therapy with Coca-Cola Injection
    Min Suk Jung, Jang Won Lee, Seung Hyun Lee, Dong Hyun Kim, Sang Hwan Byun, Yeong Muk Kim
    Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine.2013; 30(1): 62.     CrossRef
Clinical Characteristics of Adult Patients with Acute Hepatitis A.
Jong Ryul Eun, Heon Ju Lee, Tae Nyeun Kim, Byung Ik Jang, Hee Jung Moon
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2007;24(2):170-178.   Published online December 31, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2007.24.2.170
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The incidence of acute hepatitis A in adults has recently been increasing. This study was conducted to investigate the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of acute hepatitis A in Daegu province over the past 10 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 55 patients (male/female: 34/21), who were diagnosed with acute hepatitis A by confirmation of the IgM anti-HAV between January 1998 and June 2007. RESULTS: The mean age was 29.7+/-10.3 years (range; 17-65 years). The incidence was most common between March and June (56.1%), in the third and fourth decades of life (78.2%) and 90.9% (50/55) of the patients were diagnosed from 2003 to present. The common symptoms included anorexia, nausea or vomiting (69.1%), fever and chills (49.1%), myalgia (47.3%), weight loss (47.3%), fatigue (40.0%), abdominal pain (36.4%), diarrhea (9.1%) and pruritus (5.5%). The mean duration of hospital stay was 8.6+/-3.4 days (range; 3-20 days). The route of transmission was identified in only 11 patients (20.0%); 7 patients (12.7%) traveled (abroad or domestic), 2 patients (3.6%) ingested raw food and 2 patients (3.6%) had friends with acute hepatitis A. Fifty four patients recovered without complication; one patient developed fulminant hepatitis and recovered after a liver transplantation. CONCLUSION: The incidence of acute hepatitis A in adults is increasing. Because of the cost of treatment and potential for serious disease, persons, under 40 are recommened to have hepatitis A vaccination and confirmation of IgG anti-HAV.

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  • Pattern of Hepatitis A Incidence According to Area Characteristics Using National Health Insurance Data
    Joo Youn Seo, Jae Hee Seo, Myoung Hee Kim, Moran Ki, Hee Suk Park, Bo Youl Choi
    Journal of Preventive Medicine & Public Health.2012; 45(3): 164.     CrossRef
Gastric Phytobezoar Treated by Oral Intake and Endoscopic Injection of Coca-Cola.
Hee Jung Moon, Sang Hoon Lee, Jun Young Lee, Dong Hee Kim, Ji Eun Lee, Chang Hun Yang, Jong Ryul Eun, Tae Nyeun Kim, Heon Ju Lee, Byung Ik Jang
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2006;23(2):247-251.   Published online December 31, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2006.23.2.247
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Bezoars are collections or concretions of indigestible foreign material that accumulate and coalesce in the gastrointestinal tract; they usually occur in patients who have undergone gastric surgery and have delayed gastric emptying. Treatment options include dissolution with enzymes, endoscopic fragmentation with removal or aspiration, and surgery. Recently, the efficacy of nasogastric lavage or endoscopic infusion of Coca-Cola for the dissolution of phytobezoar have been reported. We report a case of phytobezoar successfully treated by oral administration and endoscopic injection of Coca-Cola. A 62-year-old woman was referred to Yeungnam University Hospital for epigastric pain. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed one very large, dark-greenish, solid bezoar in the stomach with gastric ulcer and duodenal bulb deformity. We performed endoscopic injection of Coca-Cola into the bezoar. The patient was instructed to drink four liters of Coca-Cola per day. At endoscopy two days later, the phytobezoar was easily broken into pieces. At endoscopy on the 11th day of admission, the phytobezoar was decreased in size and removed by endoscopic fragmentation with a polypectomy snare. At follow up endoscopy after 13 days, the bezoar was completely dissolved.

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  • Systematic review: Coca-Cola can effectively dissolve gastric phytobezoars as a first-line treatment
    S. D. Ladas, D. Kamberoglou, G. Karamanolis, J. Vlachogiannakos, I. Zouboulis-Vafiadis
    Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics.2013; 37(2): 169.     CrossRef
Clinical Features of Clonorchiasis.
Kook Hyun Kim, Byung Ik Jang, Tae Nyeun Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2006;23(2):171-181.   Published online December 31, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2006.23.2.171
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Clonorchis sinensis is an important human parasite that is usually found in the biliary tract. It is widely distributed in East Asia in Taiwan, Japan, China and Korea. About 2 million people are estimated to be infected with C. sinensis in Korea. This study was conducted to evaluate the state of infestation and clinical aspects of C. sinensis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We evaluate 1,063 patients with clonorchiasis retrospectively at Yeungnam University Hospital and Health Promotion Center from January 2001 to December 2003. All patients were diagnosed by a positive stool test for C. sinensis eggs. Clinical features, laboratory data and imaging studies were evaluated. RESULTS: The ratio between affected males and females was 3.6 : 1. The highest infection rate was noted in the 40-60 age groups regardless of sex. The infection rate of C. sinensis among the residents of urban areas was higher than in rural areas. There were 813 (76.5%) patients who were asymptomatic. Common symptoms included right upper abdominal pain in 7.6% and epigastric pain in 7.2%. For the laboratory studies, serum ALP and GGT levels were within normal limits in 85.2% and 56.0% respectively. Peripheral eosinophilia was noted in 66.1% of cases. Of the 83 cases undergoing ERCP, 27 cases (32.5%) showed peripheral dilatation of the intrahepatic duct. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that C. sinensis infection is still endemic even in rural areas of Korea and that asymptomatic infections are common. Further work should be focused on the early diagnosis and treatment of patients with subclinical infection.

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  • Prevalence and Related Factors of Clonorchiasis among Five Major Riverside Residents in South Korea
    Chunmi Kim, Kyung Ja June, Shin Hyeong Cho, Kyung Soon Park, Hung Sa Lee, Ji Yeon Park
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2016; 27(4): 346.     CrossRef
  • A Study on the Prevalence of Clonorchis Sinensis and the Effects of Educational Program among Residents in the Basin of the Youngsan River, Korea
    Chunmi Kim, Aeyoung So, Kyung-Ja June, Hee Young Jung
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2011; 22(1): 56.     CrossRef
Two Cases of Jejunal Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor Diagnosed by Capsule Endoscope.
Jae Won Choi, Ji Eun Lee, Byung Ik Jang, Tae Nyeun Kim, Sun Kyo Song, Young Kyong Bae
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2006;23(1):131-137.   Published online June 30, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2006.23.1.131
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Small bowel tumors have been difficult to diagnose because of low incidence and absence of specific symptoms. There are no efficient and accurate tests available for diagnosis. Capsule endoscopy is an efficient diagnostic tool for small bowel disease and obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. We diagnosed two cases of small bowel gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) diagnosed by capsule endoscopy that were treated by surgery. A 68 year old male presented with abdominal pain. The capsule endoscopy showed fungating ulcer mass at the jejunum. A 55 year female presented with melena. The capsule endoscopy showed an intraluminal protruding mass with a superficial ulcer at the jejunum. Two cases were diagnosed with GIST after surgery. We report these two case diagnosed by capsule endoscopy and review the medical literature.
Colon Cancer in Behcet's Disease.
Ji Eun Lee, Jang Won Sohn, Kyu Hyung Lee, Youn Sun Park, Kook Hyun Kim, Jae Won Choi, Jong Ryul Eun, Byung Ik Jang, Tae Nyeun Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2006;23(1):124-130.   Published online June 30, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2006.23.1.124
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Behcet's disease has rarely been reported in association with malignant diseases. In most cases the autoimmune nature of the disease itself or immunosuppressive drug use has been blamed for malignant transformation. Solid tumors in addition to lymphoid and hematological malignancies are also seen during the course of Behcet's disease. We present here a case of colon cancer in a 40-year-old man with Behcet's disease. A near total colectomy was performed and postoperative chemotherapy and radiotherapy was administered to treat visceral peritoneal invasion. Recurrent evidence was not found. We present the clinical details of this rare case of colon cancer with Behcet's disease.

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  • Cancer colique au cours de la maladie de Behçet
    S. Bouomrani, H. Baïli, K. Souid, I. Kilani, M. Beji
    Journal Africain d'Hépato-Gastroentérologie.2016; 10(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Morbidity of Solid Cancer in Behçet's Disease: Analysis of 11 Cases in a Series of 506 Patients
    So Young Na, Jaeyoung Shin, Eun-So Lee
    Yonsei Medical Journal.2013; 54(4): 895.     CrossRef
A Case of Jejunal Diverticulitis with Perforation Combined with Intussusception Caused by Inflammatory Fibroid Polyp.
Jae Won Choi, Kook Hyun Kim, Ji Eun Lee, Jun Hwan Kim, Byung Ik Jang, Tae Nyeun Kim, Moon Kwan Chung, Jae Whang Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2005;22(1):113-118.   Published online June 30, 2005
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2005.22.1.113
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Diverticulosis of the small intestine is a rare entity, compared with that of duodenum or colon, and is found in only 1% of autopsied patients. The main complications are diverticulitis with or without a perforation, obstruction and hemorrhage, which are associated with a high mortality. Intussusception is primarily a disease of childhood; with only 5 to 10% of cases occurring in adults. In contrast to childhood intussusception, 90% of adult intussusception cases are had an associated pathologic processes. An inflammatory fibroid polyp is an uncommonly localized non-neoplastic lesion of the gastrointestinal tract. It occurs most often in the stomach and secondly in the ileum. It rarely occurs in other organs such as the colon, jejunum, duodenum and esophagus. We report a case of jejunal diverticulitis with a perforation combined with intussusception caused by an inflammatory fibroid polyp. A 78-year-old female presented with abdominal pain, fever and chill. Contrast CT scan showed intussusception of the ileum. The patient was treated with a small bowel segmental resection. After surgery, the specimen showed jejunal diverticulitis with perforation.
The Significance of Small Polyp of colon in Koreans.
Soon Uk Kwon, Eun Ju Lee, Jong Ryul Eun, Sun Taek Choi, Hak Jun Lee, Byeong Ik Jang, Tae Nyeun Kim, Moon Kwan Chung
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2000;17(1):39-48.   Published online June 30, 2000
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2000.17.1.39
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
There are two theories in the development of colon cancer. One is the adenoma-carcinoma sequence theory and the other is the de novo cancer theory. Western countries believe in the adenoma-carcinoma sequence theory, however there are many recent reports from Japan about cancers developing from small adenomas. METHODS: The present study analyzed 408 polyps from 508 cases that were taken by colonoscopic polypectomy at the Departmant of Internal Medicine, Yeung-Nam University Hospital. RESULTS: The percentage of patients who have polyp was 41.3%(210cases out of 526cases) and the peak incidence was noted in patients in their 50's and 60's. There was no difference between the sexes, but we noted significant increase in the incidence of polyps in patients over age of thirty. We found 395 polyps below 1cm and 13 polyps above 1cm. Among 408 polyps, 5 cases cancerous polyps and 3 cases showed polyp size of less than 1cm each. The first case was a polyp of 0.4cm in size with elevated mucosa at the ascending colon. The second was 0.5cm in size with round elevation and hyperemic mucosa in the rectum. The third polyp was 0.6cm in size with tubular elevation at the hepatic flexure. CONCLUSIONS: colon polyp is common disease in Koreans. even small polyps can have cancer tissue, which should be removed if discovered during colonoscopy. We believe that not all colon cancer originates in the manner described by the adenoma-carcinoma sequence theory. However further studies with a larger sample population are needed to determine the exact role colon polyps plays in the development of colon cancer.

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  • Histologic discrepancy between endoscopic forceps biopsy and endoscopic mucosal resection specimens of colorectal polyp in actual clinical practice
    Moon Joo Hwang, Kyeong Ok Kim, A Lim Kim, Si Hyung Lee, Byung Ik Jang, Tae Nyeun Kim
    Intestinal Research.2018; 16(3): 475.     CrossRef
The Effects of Nitric Oxide Inhibitor on Hyperdynamic Circulation in Portal Hypertensive Rats.
Pill Young Kim, Byeong Ik Jang, Tae Nyeun Kim, Moon Kwan Chung
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1999;16(2):181-192.   Published online December 31, 1999
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1999.16.2.181
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Nitric oxide, a vasodilator synthesized from L-arginine by vascular endothelial cells. accounts for the biological activity of endothelium derived relaxing factor. Previous studies demonstrated that nitric oxide inhibitor. N'-Nitro-L-Arginine(NNA)diminished the hyperdynamic splanchnic and systemic circulation in portal hypertensive rats. The present study was done to determine the role of nitric oxide in the development of hyperdynamic circulations in the prehepatic portal hypertensive rat model produced by partial portal vein ligation. METHODS: The portal hypertensive rats were divided into water ingestion group and NNA ingestion group. After partial portal vein ligation. NNA ingestion group and water ingestion group received NNA, 1mg/kg/day and plain water through the mouth for 14 days, respectively. Cardiac output, mean arterial pressure, organ blood flow and porto-systemic shunting were measured by radioisotope microsphere methods. Vascular resistances were calculated by standard equation. RESULTS: There were significant decreases in mean arterial pressure, increases in cardiac output and cardiac index, and decreases in total systemic and splanchnic vascular resistance in portal hypertensive rats compared to normal control froup(p<0.01). Compared to the water ingestion group, significantly increased mean arterial pressure wit decreased cardiac output and cardiac index were dexeloped in the NNA ingestion group. Total systemic and splanchnic vascular resistance were significantly increased in the NNA ingestion group compared to water ingestion group(p<0.05). But, there was no significant difference in portal pressure between the two groups. CONCLUSION: The hemodynamic results of this study indicate that hyperdynamic circulation in prehepatic portal hypertensive rat model was attenuated by ingestion of NNA. Nitric oxide may play an important role in the development of hyperdynamic circulation with splanchnic vaodilation in chronic portal hypertension.
A Case of Plummer-Vinson Syndrome.
Kyeong Jin Jeon, Byeong Ik Jang, Tae Nyeun Kim, Moon Kwan Chung, Hyun Woo Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1994;11(2):381-387.   Published online December 31, 1994
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1994.11.2.381
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Plummer-Vinson syndrome is a clinical entity characterized by dysphagia, iron deficiency anemia, cheilosis, glossitis, and cervical esophageal web, especially in middle aged women. Recently, the authors experienced a case of Plummer-Vinson syndrome. A 53-year-old female was admitted due to intermittent solid food dysphagia for 18 months. She had a 2 years history of iron deficiency anemia. On admission glossitis, fissures at the angle of the mouth, spoon nails, and iron deficiency anemia were noted. Esophagogram and esophagoscopic examination revealed thin walled concentric web at upper esophagus. Esophageal web was succefully teared by endoscopic balloon dilatation with subseguant improvement of dysphagia. Skin manifestations as well as anemia were markedly improved after oral iron replacement therapy.
Gastric mucosal damage by bile acid.
Hyun Hong Cho, Jeong Ill Suh, Keyong Hee Lee, Tae Nyeun Kim, Moon Kwan Chung, Hyun Woo Lee, Won Hee Choi, Chang Heon Yang
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1992;9(2):342-350.   Published online December 31, 1992
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1992.9.2.342
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AbstractAbstract PDF
To investigate the effect of bile acid on gastric mucosa, we performed biologic test using Sprague-Dawley rat. Mixture solution of TDCA 15mM and Hcl of pH 3 was given into stomach to one group and HCl of pH 3 was given into stomach to another group. The significant gastric mucosal change was vasodilation and edema, that was disappeared progressively. These findings suggest the bile acid and damage gastric mucosa.
A Case of Hepatitis B Virus Associated Nephropathy.
Tae Nyeun Kim, Young Gon Lee, Kyeung Woo Yun, Chong Suhi Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1986;3(1):325-332.   Published online December 31, 1986
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1986.3.1.325
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Since Combes' first description of hepatitis B virus associated membranous glomerulonephritis, many reports have shown a strong association of hepatitis B virus infection with various types of nephropathies, especially membranous glomerulonephritis and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis. Recently, the authors experienced a case of membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, type I in a 16-year-old male patient with persistent HBs and HBe antigenemia. One year prior to admission the patient was told of hepatitis at routine check, but he remained asymptomatic throughout. He was admitted to our hospital with chief complaints of proteinuria and microscopic hematuria found on routine urinalysis. Liver and kidney biopsy revealed chronic persistent hepatitis and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis type I, respectively. We report a case of hepatitis B virus associated nephropathy with review of the literatures. Considering the endemic nature of hepatitis B virus infection in Korea, the incidence of hepatitis B virus associated nephropathy would be proportionally high in comparison with those of other countries. So, the importance of this entity merits special consideration in our country. Further study concerning pathogenesis, epidemiology, and treatment may be needed.
Clinical Study of Empyema Thoracis.
Tae Nyeun Kim, Young Hyun Lee, Jae Chun Chung, Chong Suhl Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1986;3(1):87-94.   Published online December 31, 1986
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1986.3.1.87
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Empyema thoracis following pneumonia, intra-abdominal pathology, trauma, and surgical procedure continues to be a source of major morbidity and mortality. Thirty seven adult and eleven pediatric patients with empyema thoracis were treated at the University of Yeungnam Medical Center from May 1983 to November 1986. Age distribution ranged from 6 months to 72 years and showed a double-peaked curve with the highest incidence between 36 and 65 years and below 15 years of age. There were male predominance in patients above 16 years of age. The most common predisposing factors was impaired consciousness due to either alcoholism or head injury. The causes of empyema were as follows: pneumonia 64.6%, ling abscess 6.4%, intraabdominal pathology 6.4%, and surgical procedure 6.4%. The cardinal symptoms were fever, cough, chest pain, dyspnea, sputum, weight loss, anorexia, and night sweat in orders. Culture of empyema fluid were positive in 50% of patients. The isolated organisms were Gram-negative bacilli 33.3%, staphylococcus aureus 25%, and streptococcus 25%. The patients received antibiotics in conjunction with various invasive procedures: chest tube drainage 77.1%, decortications 6.3%, and repeated thoracentesis 10.3%. There were 4 deaths, 1 child and 3 adults, with an overall mortality of 8.3%.

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  • Empyema caused byClostridium perfringens
    Hyun-Sun Park, Chul-Min Jung, Jang-Won Choi, Yoonki Hong, Woo Jin Kim
    Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine.2015; 32(1): 35.     CrossRef

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science