Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

Indexed in: ESCI, Scopus, PubMed,
PubMed Central, CAS, DOAJ, KCI
FREE article processing charge
OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse Articles > Author index
Search
Mi Jin Kim 18 Articles
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-producing pheochromocytoma presented as Cushing syndrome and complicated by invasive aspergillosis.
Jae Ho Cho, Da Eun Jeong, Jae Young Lee, Jong Geol Jang, Jun Sung Moon, Mi Jin Kim, Ji Sung Yoon, Kyu Chang Won, Hyoung Woo Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2015;32(2):132-137.   Published online December 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2015.32.2.132
  • 1,811 View
  • 10 Download
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-producing pheochromocytoma has been rarely reported, whereas only a few cases of Cushing syndrome accompanied by opportunistic infections have been reported. We experienced a patient with pheochromocytoma with ectopic Cushing syndrome complicated by invasive aspergillosis. A 35-year-old woman presented with typical Cushingoid features. Her basal plasma cortisol, ACTH, and 24-hour urine free cortisol levels were significantly high, and 24-hour urine metanephrine and catecholamine levels were slightly elevated. The endogeneous cortisol secretion was not suppressed by either low- or high-dose dexamethasone. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed a heterogeneous enhancing mass measuring approximately 2.5 cm in size in the left adrenal gland. No definitive mass lesion was observed on sellar magnetic resonance imaging. On fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/CT, a hypermetabolic nodule was observed in the left upper lung. Thus, we performed a percutaneous needle biopsy, which revealed inflammation, not malignancy. Thereafter, we performed a laparoscopic left adrenalectomy, and its pathologic finding was a pheochromocytoma with positive immunohistostaining for ACTH. After surgery, the biochemistry was normalized, but the clinical course was fatal despite intensive care because of the invasive aspergillosis that included the lungs, retina, and central nervous system.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Ectopic ACTH- and/or CRH-Producing Pheochromocytomas
    Patrick F Elliott, Thomas Berhane, Oskar Ragnarsson, Henrik Falhammar
    The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.2021; 106(2): 598.     CrossRef
  • Ectopic adrenocorticotrophic hormone syndrome (EAS) with phaeochromocytoma: a challenging endocrine case with a happy ending
    Sharifah Faradila Wan Muhamad Hatta, Leoni Lekkakou, Ananth Viswananth, Harit Buch
    BMJ Case Reports.2019; 12(8): e230636.     CrossRef
  • Severe Cushing Syndrome Due to an ACTH-Producing Pheochromocytoma: A Case Presentation and Review of the Literature
    Jenan N Gabi, Maali M Milhem, Yara E Tovar, Emhemmid S Karem, Alaa Y Gabi, Rodhan A Khthir
    Journal of the Endocrine Society.2018; 2(7): 621.     CrossRef
Paratesticular Alveolar Rhabdomyosarcoma with Multiple Lymph Nodes Metastasis Successfully Treated with Chemotherapy.
Ha young Lee, Myung Soo Hyun, Kyung Hee Lee, Min Kyoung Kim, Sung Ae Koh, Se Hoon Sohn, Sung Woo Park, Dong Geun Kim, Myung Jin Kim, Hyo Jin Jang, Mi Jin Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2011;28(1):70-76.   Published online June 30, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2011.28.1.70
  • 1,539 View
  • 2 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Rhabdomyosarcomas are soft tissue sarcomas; while extremely rare in adults, they are one of the most common neoplasms in children and adolescents. Histologically, they can be classified into embryonal(ERMS), alveolar(ARMS), pleomorphic, and undifferentiated types. The ARMS type is very rare, and is associated with a poor prognosis. Common primary sites of ARMS are the trunk and extremities. We report on a case of paraaortic, supraclavicular, and axillary lymph node metastasis from paratesticular ARMS treated with VAC(vincristine, dactinomycin, cyclophosphamide)/ IE(ifosfamide, etoposide) chemotherapy in a young adult. Administration of six cycles of chemotherapy with VAC/ IE resulted in complete remission. The patient has maintained complete remission over the past 27 months.
A Case of Primary Unclassified Spindle Cell Sarcoma of the Left Atrium.
Jeong Hwan Cho, Geu Ru Hong, In Wook Song, Chang Woo Son, Sun Young Jung, Jong Ho Nam, Mi Jin Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(2):108-113.   Published online December 31, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.2.108
  • 1,531 View
  • 3 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Primary cardiac tumors are very uncommon. Seventy five percent of them are benign tumors and these are mostly myxomas. The malignant cardiac tumors, the majority of which are undifferentiated sarcomas, comprise up to 25% of all cardiac tumors. A primary malignant sarcoma of the myocardium is exceedingly rare. Thus, there have been very few such cases reported in the literature. We present here a case of a 15 year old man who had complaints of orthopnea and increasing exercise intolerance over a one month period. Transthoracic echocardiography demonstrated a well demarcated huge mass with left ventricular inflow obstruction on the posterior wall of the left atrium. The patient's symptoms were relieved by surgery. The histological diagnosis was an unclassified spindle cell sarcoma.
Two Cases of Extrapelvic endometriosis following Laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy and Cesarean section.
Jei Jun Bae, Mi Sun Lim, Min Whan Koh, Tae Hyung Lee, Mi Jin Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2007;24(1):91-96.   Published online June 30, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2007.24.1.91
  • 1,419 View
  • 1 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Extrapelvic endometriosis is a rare disease. The majority of extrapelvic endometriosis cases involve scar tissue following obstetric and gynecologic procedures. We have treated two cases of extrapelvic incisional endometriosis. A 39 year old female patient with cyclic vaginal spotting after laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy due to uterine myoma and a 35 year old female patient with a painful palpable abdominal mass after cesarean section. Both underwent complete excision and were proven to have endometriosis by pathology. Here we report on both cases and review the medical literatures.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A Case of Pleural Endometriosis Presented as Right Sided Hemothorax in a Patient Who Underwent Kidney Transplantation
    Eun-Hye Shin, Bo-Mi Shin, Yeon-Jung Ha, Il-Young Jang, Ji-Won Jung, Hyung-Jin Cho, Su-Kil Park
    Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine.2013; 30(2): 145.     CrossRef
Intratesticular Simple cyst lined by ciliated columnar epithelium: A Case Report.
Ji Yoon Kim, Hwa Soo Lim, Ki Hak Moon, Mi Jin Kim, Jae Ho Cho
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2005;22(2):266-269.   Published online December 31, 2005
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2005.22.2.266
  • 1,416 View
  • 3 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
An intratesticular simple cyst is a rare lesion. The pathogenesis of such lesions is uncertain. Clinically, an intratesticular simple cyst may be difficult to differentiate from a cystic neoplasm. However, preoperative diagnosis is possible using ultrasonography (US). Testis-sparing surgery with simple enucleation of the cyst has a favorable outcome. We report an intratesticular simple cyst in a 48-year-old male who had a non-tender cystic mass in the right testis for 2 years. The diagnosis was made by preoperative US. The patient underwent a testis-sparing surgery. After simple excision of the cyst, histological examination revealed a simple cyst lined by ciliated cuboidal and columnar epithelium.
Ewing's Sarcoma of the Calcaneus: A Case Report.
Joon Hyuk Choi, Ji Hyun Yeo, Mi Jin Kim, Duck Seop Shin, Kil Ho Cho
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2004;21(2):256-261.   Published online December 31, 2004
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2004.21.2.256
  • 1,632 View
  • 5 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Ewing's sarcoma is rarely found occurs in the bones of the hands and feet. We report a case of Ewing's sarcoma of the left calcaneus in a 15-year-old girl who complained of left heel pain and swelling. An open biopsy was performed and histological examination showed the proliferation of uniform small round cells. Immunohistochemical staining for CD99 showed diffuse strong positivity in the cytoplasmic membrane of the tumor cells. After preoperative chemotherapy, a below knee amputation was performed.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Diagnoses, treatment, and oncologic outcomes in patients with calcaneal malignances: Case series, systematic literature review, and pooled cohort analysis
    Erik T. Newman, Eveline A. J. van Rein, Nina Theyskens, Marco L. Ferrone, John E. Ready, Kevin A. Raskin, Santiago A. Lozano Calderon
    Journal of Surgical Oncology.2020; 122(8): 1731.     CrossRef
Mesenchymal Chondrosarcoma: 3 Cases Report.
Mi Jin Gu, Young Kyong Bae, Joon Hyuk Choi, Mi Jin Kim, Won Hee Choi, Duk Seop Shin, Jang Soo Suh
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2000;17(1):87-92.   Published online June 30, 2000
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2000.17.1.87
  • 1,483 View
  • 5 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor of skeletal and extraskeletal origin, and which shows aggressive local behavior as well as a high metastatic potential. We report 3 cases of mesenchymal chondrosarcoma. Two cases were male and one was female. The ages ranged from 25 to 32 years(mean: 28 years). Tissue was obtained by wide excision in two patients, and incisional biopsy in one. The mass locaterd in the rib(case 1), orbital floor(case 2), and abdominal wall(case 3). Roentgenographically, the tumor resembles ordinary chondrosarcoma, showing osteolytic and obstructive appearance with stippled calcification. Grossly, the tumor was lobulating, solid fish-fleshy like mass with calcification and ossification. Histologically, the tumor shows characteristic bimorphic pattern composed of islands of well differentiated hyaline cartilage admixed with a cellular area of undifferentiated small cells. The small cells usually displayed a hemangiopericytoid or an alveolar pattern.
Chordoma: A Clinicopathologic Review of 4 Cases.
Joon Hyuk Choi, Young Kyung Bae, Mi Jin Kim, Duk Seop Shin, Kil Ho Cho
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1999;16(2):369-375.   Published online December 31, 1999
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1999.16.2.369
  • 1,373 View
  • 3 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Chordoma is a slow-growing malignant neoplasm arising from the remnants of the primitive notochord. It accounts for 1 to 4% of all malignant bone tumors. It occurs exclusively along the spinal axis. Authors experienced four cases of chordoma occurred in the sacrococcygeal region. There were two male and two female patients, with a mean age of 63.5 years(range. 57~75 years). Tissue was obtained by wide excision in two patients, by incisional biopsy in one patient and by needle biopsy in the other. Adjuvant radiation theraphy was performed on all the patients after their biopsy. The mean diameter of the tumors was 7.6cm(range, 5.5 to 13.0cm). Grossly, tumor was multilobulated, soft and myxoid gelatinous mass. Microscopically, the tumor showed lobulated feature divided by fibrous septa within it. There were physaliphorous cells with vacuolated bubbly cytoplasm. And small uniform, round, and non-vacuolated tumor cells were also present. On immunohistochemical stain, all the cases were immunoreactive for cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen(EMA) and vimentin, respectively. One of the 4 cases was positive for S-100 protein. All the cases were negative for CEA.
Clear cell sarcoma: 1 case report.
Joon Hyuk Choi, Hae Jeong Choi, Mi Jin Kim, Duk Seop Shin, Kil Ho Cho
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1999;16(1):108-113.   Published online June 30, 1999
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1999.16.1.108
  • 1,555 View
  • 2 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Clear cell sarcoma is a rare soft tissue sarcoma that occurs tendons and aponeuroses, usually of the lower extremities in young adult. The exact histogenesis is not definitely established, We experienced a case of 58 year-old female who presented with a 3.2x2.2cm sized mass located in the subcutaneous tissue on the left lower thigh. The mass was well circumscribed and grayish firm. Two small satellite nodules were also seen. Histologically the tumor was composed of round to fusiform cells with clear or pale eosinophilic cytoplasm and separated into compact nests or short fascicles by delicated fibrous septa. The melanin pigments and hemosiderin were seen. Tumor cells showed positive reaction for S-100 protein and HMB-45. The ultrastructural examination showed abundant mitochondria and melanosomes.
Two Cases of Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Left Main Bronchus and Trachea..
Young Bog Cho, Hak Jun Lee, Ki Beom Kim, Jin Hong Jung, Kwan Ho Lee, Hyun Woo Lee, Mi Jin Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1996;13(2):347-359.   Published online December 31, 1996
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1996.13.2.347
  • 1,472 View
  • 2 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Adenoid cystic carcinoma is an uncommon histologic variant of adenocarcinoma which usuallyy arises from the salivary, lacrimal, or other exocrine glands. Characteristics of adenoid cystic carcinoma are its potential fo extending long distance submucosally and for perineural invasion. It grows slowly and may have a prolongec course before diagnosis and after treatment. Recently, we have experienced 2 cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma arising from main bronchus and trachea. One case was 58 years old female patient. Her symptoms were productive cough with dyspnea. She ha been history of shortness of breath, wheezing and cough during 4 years, which was initially diagnosed a bronchial asthma. The tumor was located on the left main stem bronchus which was obstructed the lumei nearly complete, by CT demonstration.
Acute Pulmonary Mycetoma Due to Candida albicans in AML patient.
Jae Kyo Lee, Mi Soo Hwang, Mi Jin Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1995;12(1):135-140.   Published online June 30, 1995
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1995.12.1.135
  • 1,581 View
  • 4 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Acute cavitating pulmonary infection with a mycetoma is sometimes occur in immunocompromised patient. Most mycetoma lesions are due to Aspergillus species, and lesion caused by Candida species is rare. So we report an experienced case that pulmonary and rib infection caused by Candida species-'in -AML patient and complete remission with previous reports.
A study of PCNA Expression in Gastric Adenoma and Adenocarcinoma.
Mi Jin Kim, Won Hee Choi, Tae Sook Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1995;12(1):1-9.   Published online June 30, 1995
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1995.12.1.1
  • 1,461 View
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
A monoclonal antibody to PCNA, which can be used on routinely processed tissue, was applied to 25 cases of gastric adenomas and 64 cases of gastric adenocarcinomas in order to diffentiate adenoma and adenocarcinoma and also to evaluate the prognostic value in adenocarcinoma. The results were summerized as follows: The PCNA labelling index was 29.14+/-12.77% in control, 44.09+/-17.11% in adenoma and 80.15+/-10. 69 in adenocarcinoma, resulting in significant increase in adenocarcinoma compared to adenoma. In adenocarcinoma, no significant correlation was observed between PCNA labelling index and histologic grade, and there -was increased tendency of PCNA labelling index in proportion to depth of invasion without statistical significance. The PCNA index was significantly increased in advanced adenocarcinoma compared to early gastric carcinoma, and also in positive nodal metastasis group than in negative group. From above results, the PCNA stain will be able to provide a helpful method for the differential diagnosis between gastric adenoma and adenocarcinoma, and could be a useful prognostic factor in adenocarcinoma if other factors are considered together.
Ultrastructural changes of fat-storing cells in experimental hepatic fibrosis.
Mi Jin Kim, Won Hee Choi, Tae Sook Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1992;9(2):224-238.   Published online December 31, 1992
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1992.9.2.224
  • 1,398 View
  • 2 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Hepatic fibrosis was induced in Sprague-Dawley rate to evaluate the ultrastructural changes of fat-storing cells (Ito cells). For experimental induction of liver fibrosis, the rats were administered intraperitoneally with 0.5 ml of 50% Ccl4 solution per Kg body weight, twice weekly for 12 weeks. The rats were sacrificed every week. The liver tissues were examined under light and electron microscopes. And the immunohistochemical study of desmin was also performed. The results were summarized as follows: Light microscopic findings: The cellular infiltrations was inflammatory cells and Kupffer cells developed from 1 week after Ccl4 injection, and were the most severe in 4 weeks. The strong immunoreactivity for desmin was also evident in 4 weeks. The centrilobular necrosis and fibrosis developed from 2 weeks after injection, and the necrosis persisted until 8 weeks. The progress of fibrosis was accompanied by decreases in cellular infiltration and reactivity for desmin, and increased gradual nodular formation was also observed. The cirrhosis was developed after 10 weeks. Electron microscopic findings: An increase in number of fat-storing cells was observed from 1 week after injection. Transitional cells characterized by a depletion of lipid droplets and a hypertrophy of the rER appeared after 2 weeks. The number of transitional cells with abundant collagen fibers in the extracellular spaces increased in 4 weeks. With progression of fibrosis the number of fat-strong cells decreased and proliferating fibroblasts with dilated rER were observed. According to these results it was revealed that there was an apparent transition from fatstrong cells to transitional cells and to fibroblasts. These cells had a few similar characteristics and may belong to the same cell population. Thus it was suggested that fatstrong cells might play an important role in hepatic fibrosis.
Four cases of cutaneous tuberculosis.
Moo Woong Lee, Tae Hun Kwak, Jong Soo Choi, Ki Hong Kim, Mi Jin Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1992;9(1):181-188.   Published online June 30, 1992
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1992.9.1.181
  • 1,316 View
  • 5 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The incidence of the cutaneous tuberculosis has shown a steady decline over the past decades. This parallels the decreasing incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis. We experienced 5 cases of cutaneous tuberculosis from January 1990 to February 1991. We present herein 4 cases of cutaneous tuberculosis. They were 3 cases of vulgaris and 1 case of tuberculosis verrucosa cutis. Mantoux tests were done except one case and were reactive in all cases. Culture for Mycobacterium tuberculosis were done but Mycobacterium tuberculosis were not cultivated in the all cases. Histopathological findings showed tuberculoid granulomas in the dermis except one case and no acid fast bacilli were demonstrated on AFB stains.
Effect of phenobarbital pretreatment on the hepatotoxicity of carbon tetrachloride in rat.
Young Soo Byun, Hae Joo Nam, Mi Jin Kim, Dong Suk Kim, Won Hee Choi, Tae Sook Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1992;9(1):137-148.   Published online June 30, 1992
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1992.9.1.137
  • 1,458 View
  • 2 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of phenobarbital (PB) on hepatotoxic effect of carbon tetrachloride (CCI4) which induces centrilobular necrosis in liver. Rats were injected intraperitoneally CCI4 dissolved in olive oil by a dose of 0.4 mg/kg. For change related to PB pretreatment, rats were injected CCI₄ 0.4mg/kg after PB pretreatment. The liver samples were taken in 6, 12, 24, 48, 72 and 120 hours after CCI₄ and/ or PB injection. Extracted liver tissue was examined with light and electron microscopes. The results were summarized as follows: 1. Light microscopic findings: In CCI₄ group, centrilobular necrosis developed from 6 hours after injection, was the most severe in 48 hours, and recovered after 72 hours. In addition to necrosis, fatty change and pale cell change were accompanied. In PB-CCI4 group, necrosis occurred from 6 hours after CCI₄ injection and continued to 72 hours, and the degree of necrosis was more severe than that of CCI₄ group and pale cell change was decreased. 2. Electron microscopic findings: In CCI4 group, the early principal change was clumping and vesicular dilatation of endoplasmic reticulum. In PB-CCI₄ group, the degenerative change of endoplasmic reticulum was aggravated and the mitochondria also revealed severe degenerative change. According to the results, it was revealed that CCI₄ hepatotoxicity primarily began with the damage of endoplasmic reticulum, then damage of other cell organelles and cell necrosis followed, and these cytotoxic effects were aggravated by PB pretreatment.
A Case of Conjoined Twins.
Mi Hwa Kang, Son Moon Shin, Jin Gon Jun, Mi Jin Kim, Hae Joo Nam, Sung Rim Kim, Jong Wook Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1988;5(2):255-261.   Published online December 31, 1988
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1988.5.2.255
  • 1,534 View
  • 4 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Conjoined twinning is a rare congenital malformation, accounting for 1% monozygotic twins. Conjoined twins result if twining is initiated after the embryonic disc and rudimentary amniotic sac have been formed and if division of the embryonic disc is incomplete. Recently we experienced a case of conjoined twins, dicephalus dipus dibrachius, who had died at 3 hours of life, and performed autopsy. Autopsy revealed a total duplication of the heads, spines up to sacrum, small bowels, thymus and lungs. Two hearts existed within a common pericardium.
Three Cases of Primary Adenosquamous Carcinoma of Stomach.
Joon Hyuk Choi, Mi Jin Kim, Hae Joo Nam, Won Hee Choi, Tae Sook Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1988;5(2):189-193.   Published online December 31, 1988
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1988.5.2.189
  • 1,383 View
  • 3 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Adenosquamous carcinoma of stomach is a mixed glandular-epidermoid tumor where both components are neoplastic. Its incidence is extremely rare. The five theories on the origin of squamous components are 1) island of ectopic squamous epithelium in the gastric mucosa, 2) squamous metaplasia of gastric epithelium, 3) squamous differentiation in a preexisting adenocarcinoma, 4) endothelial cell differentiated toward squamous elements, and 5) totipotential undifferentiated cells of the gastric mucosa. We experienced three cases of adenosquamous carcinoma. Case 1 was a 71-year-old female patient; an ulcerative lesion was present in the pylorus, measuring 5 cm in diameter. Case 2 was a 57-year-old male patient; an ulcerative lesion is present in the pylorus, measuring 6 cm in diameter. Case 3 was a 58-year-old female patient; an ulcerative lesion was present in the body and fundus, measuring 10 cm in diameter. Microscopic examination revealed a mixed malignant squamous and adenomatous component.
Four Cases of Primary Malignant Melanoma of the Nasal Cavity.
Mi Jin Kim, Hae Joo Nam, Won Hee Choi, Tae Sook Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1988;5(1):135-139.   Published online June 30, 1988
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1988.5.1.135
  • 1,621 View
  • 4 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The primary malignant melanoma of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses is extremely rare and accounts for only between 0.6 and 2.5% of the total number of malignant melanoma at all sites. In the nose, the left side is involved in 60% of cases and the most frequent site is the septum followed by the inferior and middle turbinates. In the sinuses, the maxillary sinus is the site of origin 80% of cases, followed by ethmoid sinus. The tumors are sessile or polypoid, with variable color such as pink, white, brown or blank. Of all tumors, 10-30% are amelanotic, requiring special stains for melanin. When primary site of melanoma is mucosal origin, treatment of primary lesion is often hampered by anatomic restrictions and large size, which results from the delayed diagnosis caused by their location. We report 4 cases of primary malignant melanoma of nasal cavity with review of literature.

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science