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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Ki Bong Kim 1 Article
Evaluation of craniofacial morphology in short-statured children: growth hormone deficiency versus idiopathic short stature
Ki Bong Kim, Eun-Kyong Kim, Kyung Mi Jang, Min Seon Kim, Eun Young Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2021;38(1):47-52.   Published online July 7, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2020.00325
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  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
Short stature is defined as a height below the 3rd percentile or more than two standard deviations below the mean for a given age, sex, and population. There have been inconsistent results regarding craniofacial morphology in short-statured children. This study aimed to analyze the differences between short-statured children with growth hormone deficiency, idiopathic short-statured children, and normal children.
Methods
Thirty-one short-statured children with growth hormone deficiency, 32 idiopathic short-statured children, and 32 healthy children were enrolled in this study. The measurements of their craniofacial structures from lateral cephalograms were evaluated.
Results
There were statistically significant differences among the three groups seven variables (anterior cranial base length, posterior cranial base length, total cranial base length, upper posterior facial height, posterior total facial height, mandibular ramus length, and overall mandibular length) in the linear measurement and five variables (saddle angle, gonial angle, mandibular plane angle, position of mandible, and maxilla versus mandible) in the angular measurement.
Conclusion
Compared to the control group, many linear and angular measurements of the craniofacial structures were significantly different in the two short-statured groups (p<0.05). Treatment plans by orthodontists should include these craniofacial structure characteristics.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Dental arches in inherited severe isolated growth hormone deficiency
    Rafaela S. Girão, Manuel H. Aguiar-Oliveira, Bruna M.R. Andrade, Marcos A.V. Bittencourt, Roberto Salvatori, Evânio V. Silva, André L.M. Santos, Matheus M. Cunha, Wilton M. Takeshita, Alaíde H.A. Oliveira, Eugênia H.O. Valença, Alécia A. Oliveira-Santos,
    Growth Hormone & IGF Research.2022; 62: 101444.     CrossRef
  • Sella turcica dimensions and maxillary growth in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate
    Gregory S. Antonarakis, Luis Huanca Ghislanzoni, David M. Fisher
    Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.2022; 123(6): e916.     CrossRef
  • Clinical Implications of Growth Hormone Deficiency for Oral Health in Children: A Systematic Review
    Natalia Torlińska-Walkowiak, Katarzyna Anna Majewska, Andrzej Kędzia, Justyna Opydo-Szymaczek
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2021; 10(16): 3733.     CrossRef
  • A Clinical Study on the Treatment of Children’s Short Stature with Auxiliary Comprehensive Management Combined with Growth Patch
    Haiying Feng, Weizhu Zhao, Huijun Yu, Guanfu Wang, Qunhong Wang, Songwen Tan
    Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine.2021; 2021: 1.     CrossRef

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science