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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Geon Ho Lee 1 Article
A comparative study of the psychological impacts of tasks related and unrelated to COVID-19 on nurses: a cross-sectional study
Hyun Ji Kim, Geon Ho Lee
J Yeungnam Med Sci. 2022;39(3):216-222.   Published online November 3, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2021.01361
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
This study assessed the psychological impact of the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on university hospital nurses. It provides an assessment of mental health issues, including depression, anxiety, distress, and burnout of nurses dealing directly and indirectly with COVID-19.
Methods
In a web-based, cross-sectional study, 111 nurses from Daegu Catholic University Hospital in Korea were enrolled from August 4 to August 9, 2020. Patient Health Questionnaire-9, Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, Impact of Event Scale-Revised, and Maslach Burnout Inventory were used to assess the psychological symptoms of depression, anxiety, psychological distress, and burnout among the study participants.
Results
Of 111 nurses, 35 (31.5%), nine (8.1%), 26 (23.4%), and 49 (44.1%) experienced depression, anxiety, distress, and burnout, respectively. Nurses who performed COVID-19–related tasks were more likely to have moderate depression (related vs. unrelated, 52.0% vs. 25.6%; p=0.037). There were no differences in anxiety, distress, and burnout between nurses with and without COVID-19–related tasks. More than 50% of the participants showed receptive and positive attitudes toward caring for COVID-19 patients.
Conclusion
Nurses who performed COVID-19–related tasks had a higher risk of depression. There were no significant differences in anxiety, distress, and burnout between the two groups. Since nurses who perform COVID-19–related tasks are more prone to psychological distress, continued psychiatric interventions are required for infectious disease outbreaks with a high mortality rate for healthcare workers who are emotionally vulnerable.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Key predictors of psychological distress and wellbeing in Australian frontline healthcare workers during COVID-19 (Omicron wave)
    Brian En Chyi Lee, Mathew Ling, Leanne Boyd, Craig A. Olsson, Jade Sheen
    Frontiers in Psychology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Depression and burnout among Chinese nurses during COVID-19 pandemic: a mediation and moderation analysis model among frontline nurses and nonfrontline nurses caring for COVID-19 patients
    Jingjun Wang, Xia Huang, Mengmeng Wang, Lei Huang, Ya Wang
    BMC Psychiatry.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Frontline nurses' burnout and its associated factors during the COVID-19 pandemic in South Korea
    Eun-Young Noh, Yeon-Hwan Park, Young Jun Chai, Hyun Jeong Kim, Eunjin Kim
    Applied Nursing Research.2022; 67: 151622.     CrossRef
  • Characteristics of Occupational Burnout among Nurses of Various Specialties and in the Time of the COVID-19 Pandemic—Review
    Robert Ślusarz, Klaudia Cwiekala-Lewis, Mariusz Wysokiński, Karolina Filipska-Blejder, Wiesław Fidecki, Monika Biercewicz
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(21): 13775.     CrossRef

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science