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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Choong Ki Lee 19 Articles
An overlap syndrome of Churg-Strauss syndrome and rheumatoid arthritis.
Seung Il Bae, Jong Geol Jang, Hun Tae Kim, Hee Yun Ahn, Min Jung Kim, Hyun Je Kim, Choong Ki Lee, Young Hoon Hong
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2015;32(2):127-131.   Published online December 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2015.32.2.127
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is a necrotizing vasculitis with extra-, peri-vascular eosinophilic infiltration. Chronic symmetric polyarthritis with the presence of rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody are the mainstay of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) diagnosis. Mononeuritis multiplex is a peripheral neuropathy involving more than 2 separate nerve areas. A 62-year-old male patient was referred for left foot drop and polyarthritis of both hands and feet for 4 months. During evaluation, mononeuritis multiplex was detected on nerve conduction study and electromyography tests: vasculitis with neutrophil, eosinophil, and lymphocyte infiltration on peroneal nerve biopsy. A positive response to methacholin and bronchodilator was observed on the pulmonary function test. Radiologic tests showed peri-articular soft tissue swelling and osteopenia on both hand and foot. Marked peripheral eosinophilia, high RF, and positive perinuclear anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody were detected on blood tests. Here, we report on a patient with overlap syndrome of CSS and RA with review of the relevant literature, from which a few references to overlap syndrome of CSS and RA were available.
A Case of Pseudolymphomatous IgG4-Related Disease Involving the Maxilla.
Min Jung Kim, Seung Il Bae, Hoon Tae Kim, Young Hoon Hong, Hyun Je Kim, Choong Ki Lee, Mi Jin Gu
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2013;30(2):128-131.   Published online December 31, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2013.30.2.128
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related disease is an inflammatory condition characterized by IgG4 positive plasma cell infiltration. It can affect any organ in the body and mainly involves the pancreas, liver, biliary tracts, orbits, salivary glands and lymph nodes. It can manifest as an inflammatory pseudotumor. Pseudolymphoma as an inflammatory pseudotumor is a group of benign tumors that exhibit histological and clinical features suggestive of malignant lymphoma. Studies on IgG4-related disease are rarely reported, and no case of the disease that involved the maxillary bone and adjacent soft tissue, except for the skin, has been reported. Therefore, we report herein a case of pseudolymphomatous IgG4-related disease that involved the maxilla, with a literature review.
Simultaneous Actinomycosis with Mucormycosis in Maxillary Sinus.
Han Sol Lee, Min Jung Kim, Seung Il Bae, Jung Min Park, Myung Soo Hyun, Choong Ki Lee, Jian Hur
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2012;29(2):106-109.   Published online December 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2012.29.2.106
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Actinomycosis is a rare subacute-to-chronic infection that causes sinus fistula, tract, or abscess due to the invasion surrounding the soft tissue. Actinomyces colonize the mouth, colon, and vagina. Mucosal disruption may lead to infection at virtually any site in the body. Cervicofacial infection accounts for 50-60% of all actinomycosis cases. The mandible and nasopharynx are the sites of predilection, but maxillary sinus infection is rare. Reported herein is a case involving a 57-year-old female with acute myeloid leukemia who had simultaneous actinomycosis with mucormycosis in the maxillary sinus.
A Case of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Misdiagnosed as Adult-onset Still's Disease.
Myung Jin Oh, Hyun Je Kim, Han Sol Lee, Ji An Hur, Young Hoon Hong, Choong Ki Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2010;27(1):78-84.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2010.27.1.78
  • 1,748 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is an inflammatory disorder that's characterized by daily, spiking high fever, arthritis and an evanescent, salmon-pink rash. AOSD is diagnosed purely on the basis of the typical clinical features of the illness. The symptoms commonly include swelling of the lymph nodes, enlargement of the spleen and liver, and a sore throat. AOSD is difficult to differentiate from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) due to the similar clinical manifestations. We report here on a case of a 16-year-old female patient with autism and epilepsy and who complained of daily spiking fever for 20 days. The patient had maculopapular skin rashes on the face and whole body and lymphadenopathy. The liver function tests were elevated mildly. The initial rheumatoid factor (RF) and antinuclear antibody (ANA) tests were negative. We diagnosed her as having adult-onset Still's disease according to the criteria of Yamaguchi. We successfully treated her with oral prednisolone. But her antinuclear antibody test was changed to positive after discharge. So we finally diagnosed her as having SLE.
A Case of Tarsal Bone Tuberculosis in a Patient with Polycythemia Vera.
Sung Ae Koh, Se Hun Shon, Dong Gun Kim, Sung Woo Park, Choong Ki Lee, Kyung Hee Lee, Min Kyoung Kim, Myung Soo Hyun
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(1):44-48.   Published online June 30, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.1.44
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Talus tuberculosis is a rare disease, even in an endemic tuberculosis area. In reviews of the worldwide literature, only 18 cases of talus tuberculosis have been reported. Recently, we experienced a case of a 70-year-old polycythemia vera patient with right metatarsopharyngeal joint pain for 2 months duration who was diagnosed with talus tuberculosis with prostate involvement. Tuberculosis should be considered as one of the causes of monoarticulitis, especially in countries, where the disease is endemic. Additionally, we highly recommend taking a biopsy of the site of suspected infection because an early diagnosis is the key to successful treatment.
A Case of Dermatomyositis with Secondary Organizing Pneumonia.
Chul Yun Park, Jung Seok Chung, Jin Wook Chung, Choong Ki Lee, Dae Sung Hyun, Jung Yoon Choe
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2008;25(2):117-123.   Published online December 31, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2008.25.2.117
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Dermatomyositis is characterized by progressive, symmetric, proximal muscle weakness and a nonsuppurative inflammatory myopathy of unknown etiology involving predominantly skeletal muscles. It is also characterized by typical skin lesions. Interstitial lung disease has a poor prognosis when it is associated with dermatomyositis. Organizing pneumonia is a disease in which granulation tissue fills the lumina of terminal and respiratory bronchioles and extends into the distal airspaces. The cryptogenic nature of the process is appreciated in that organizing pneumonia patterns of injury can be seen in secondary forms of the disease (secondary organizing pneumonia). Organizing pneumonia has been reported to occur in 5~10% in dermatomyositis-polymyositis patients. Anti-histidyl tRNA synthetase antibody (anti-Jo-1) is a predictive disease marker that is reported to occur in up to 70% of patients. We describe a 49-year-old male dermatomyositis patient who presented with organizing pneumonia and was found to have negative anti-Jo-1 antibody.
Three Cases of Fever Unknown Origin with Lymphoproliferative Features and a Unique Pattern of 18-FDG Uptake on the Fusion PET/CT.
Dae Young Yun, Young Hoon Hong, Yong Uk Jung, Myung Jin Oh, Choong Ki Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2008;25(1):64-71.   Published online June 30, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2008.25.1.64
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Evaluation of a fever of unknown origin (FUO) is complex. Recently, PET scanning has been approved for screening in FUO evaluation. We treated three cases of FUO associated with increased FDG uptake in the bone marrow of the femur and tibia on the fusion PET/CT; all three had the same pattern of uptake. Bone marrow biopsies revealed mature lymphocyte and histiocyte infiltration and myxoid changes in one case, and cortical bone involvement in another case. The cases were all young females who had fever with neutropenia and relative lymphocytosis that lasted for several weeks and then remitted spontaneously. Even though the results of the studies were not diagnostic, the unique uptake pattern on PET/CT and the histology might be related to the cause of the illness and should be studied further to assess the association with classic FUO.
Identification of Interleukin 1-Responsive Genes in Human Chondrosarcoma SW1354 cells by cDNA Microarray Technology.
Jun Ha Jeon, Yong Wook Jung, Dae Young Yun, Hyun Do Kim, Chang Mo Kwon, Young Hoon Hong, Jae Ryong Kim, Choong Ki Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2007;24(1):24-40.   Published online June 30, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2007.24.1.24
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Accumulating evidence shows that interleukin(IL)-1 plays a critical role in inflammation and connective tissue destruction observed in both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. IL-1 induces gene expression related to cytokines, chemokines and matrix metalloproteinases by activation of many different transcription factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The chondrosarcoma cell line, SW1353, is known to be a valuable in vitro system for investigating catabolic gene regulation by IL-1beta in chondrocytic cells. To explore and analyze the changes in gene expression by IL-1 responsible for arthritis, SW1353 was treated with IL-1 for 1, 6 and 24 h and then total RNAs were purified for each time. The changes in gene expression were analyzed with 17k human cDNA microarrays and validated by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. RESULTS: Greater than a two-fold change was observed in 1,200 genes including metallothioneins, matrix metalloproteinases, extracellular matrix proteins, antioxidant proteins, cytoskeleton proteins, cell cycle regulatory proteins, proteins for cell growth and apoptosis, signaling proteins and transcription factors. These changes appeared to be correlate with the pathophysiological changes observed in early osteoarthritis. CONCLUSION: cDNA microarray analysis revealed a marked variability in gene expression, and provided insight into the overall molecular changes. The result of this study provide initial information for further studies to identify therapeutic targets in osteoarthritis pathogenesis.
A Case of Protein-losing Enteropathy Treated with High Dose Intravenous Glucocorticoid Therapy in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.
Kyu Hyung Lee, Chang Mo Kwon, Hyun Do Kim, Dae Young Yun, Jae Yoong Lee, Yeong Hoon Hong, Choong Ki Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2005;22(2):253-258.   Published online December 31, 2005
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2005.22.2.253
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  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Generalized edema and hypoalbuminemia are relatively common presenting manifestations in many clinical situations. The differential diagnosis of hypoalbuminemia include: Kwashiorkor, synthetic dysfunction of the liver, and excessive protein loss as in nephrotic syndrome. In systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), hypoalbuminemia and generalized edema are most commonly due to protein loss associated with lupus nephritis; gastrointestinal involvement is uncommon, and therefore protein loss through the gastrointestinal tract is quite rare. We report a case of a protein losing enteropathy (PLE) associated with SLE. The patient was referred to our hospital for generalized edema, arthralgia and facial rash. After clinical evaluation, the patient met the criteria for the SLE diagnosis; hypoalbuminemia with general edema was consistent with a protein losing enteropathy. After two weeks of therapy with parenteral high dose glucocorticoid, the patients was improved in laboratory findings as well as clinical symptoms.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A Case of Protein Losing Enteropathy as Only Clinical manifestation of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
    Tae Hyun Kim, Yu Hee Choi, Lae Hyung Kang, Hyeong Jin Kim, Jin Ho Jang, Min Wook So
    Kosin Medical Journal.2017; 32(1): 84.     CrossRef
A Case of Pyoderma Gangrenosum in Rheumotoid Arthritis Patient.
Dong Hwan Ryu, Chang Mo Kwon, Jung Hun Lee, Young Hun Hong, Choong Ki Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2003;20(1):79-84.   Published online June 30, 2003
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2003.20.1.79
  • 1,539 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Pyoderma gangrenosum is uncommon neutrophilic dermatosis characterized by richness of the mature neutrophilic polynuclear dermal infiltrate. Pyoderma gangrenosum is associated with variable diseases, most commonly inflammatory bowel disease, hematological diseases, malignancies, but it is reported rarely in rheumatoid arthritis. We report a case of pyoderma gangrenosum in rheumoid arthritis patient. A 50-year-old woman admitted to our hospital due to painful pretibial ulcerative skin lesions. She had been treated as rheumatoid arthritis for 8 years. At admission, body temperature was 36.5degrees C and other vital sign was unremarkable. Physical examination revealed right pretibial ulceration, multiple pustules on left pretibial area and both palms. Laboratory studies revealed WBC count 7,600/uL (neutrophils 60.3%, eosinophil 3.2%), hemoglobin 11.4 g/dL, platelet count 319,000/uL, ESR 65 mm/hour. Other lab findings were also unremarkable. Skin biopsy was done, which showed dense dermal infiltrate of neutrophils and wound culture were negative. By 8 weeks after systemic high dose corticosteroid (1 mg/kg/day), cyclosporine A (5 mg/kg/day), sulfasalazine 2 g therapy, symptoms and skin ulceration were being improved. Without skin relapse, she is followed up our hospital with low dose corticosteroid and sulfasalazine.
A Case of Nonfunctioning Paraganglioma of the Posterior Mediastinum.
Young Chul Mun, Sung Keun Yu, Hye Jung Park, Kyeong Cheol Shin, Choong Ki Lee, Jin Hong Chung, Kwan Ho Lee, Mee Jin Kim, Jung Cheul Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2000;17(2):155-160.   Published online December 31, 2000
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2000.17.2.155
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Paraganglioma is a tumor from the extra adrenal paraganglion system and is rarely observed in the mediastinum. The authors experienced a case of nonfunctioning paraganglioma of the posterior mediastinum. The patient was 34-years-old male in whom abnormal mass lesion was nites in chest radiograph with hemoptysis. His blood pressure and serologic examination were within normal range upon admission to our hospital. Chest CT revealed a tumor in the left lower lobe. Diagnostic thoracoscopy was performed and diagnosed a posterior mediastinal mass. Surgical resection was them performed. Posterior mediastinal mass was removed successfully and histological examination of the surgical specimen diagnosed paraganglioma. He received radiotherapy after surgery and was followed up. Related literature are reviewed.
Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs.
Choong Ki Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2000;17(1):1-11.   Published online June 30, 2000
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2000.17.1.1
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Inhibition of cyclooxygenase(COX), and thus prevention of the formation of prostaglandins, provided a unifying explanation of the therapeutic and toxic actions of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(NSAIDs). Recently, the discovery of the two isoforms of COX was made by molecular biologists studying neoplastic transformation in chick embryo cells. The constitutive enzyme, COX-1, is obviously responsible for the production of prostaglandins involved in housekeeping functions such as maintenance of integrity of the gastric mucosa, renal blood flow and platelet aggregation. The inducible form of COX(COX-2) is responsible for the formation of prostaglandins that pathologic effects of inflammation, pain and fever. Clearly, all the experimental and clinical data support the hypothesis that the beneficial effects of NSAIDs are due to inhibition of the COX-2 enzyme, whereas the gastrotoxicity is due to inhibition of COX-1. The COX-2/COX-1 ratios of the NSAIDs in common use have been measured and compared with epidemiological data on their side effects. there is little evidence to suggest that one NSAID is clearly more efficacious than another and substantial individual variability is present with respect to the pharmacology and pharmacokinetics of these drugs, it is essential to adjust the dosage and choose specific drug to the patient`s response.
The Clinical Effects of Cefpirome for the Treatment of Acute Lower Respiratory Infection.
Kyeong Cheol Shin, Young Hoon Hong, Eun Young Lee, Ki Do Park, Sung Dong Kim, Jin Hong Chung, Choong Ki Lee, Kwan Ho Lee, Cha Kyung Sung, Hyun Woo Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1999;16(2):219-227.   Published online December 31, 1999
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1999.16.2.219
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
In contrast to a healthy person, patients who have acute lower pespiratory tract infection with underlying pulmonary diseases have various pathogens, a rapidly progressie downhill course, and a poor response to prior antimicrobial therapy. Broad spectrum antivacterial therapy is needed for full evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of cefpirome, we administered 1gm cefpirome, twice a day to 30 patients who had signs and symptoms of acute lower repiratory infection regardless of their underlying disease, except to those who had an allergic history to antibiotics or severe systemic diseases. RESULTS: The results were as follows : 1) Among 30 cases, 21 cases(70.0%) showed excellent improvement, and 7 cases(23.3%) showed good improvement in their symptoms and signs of acute lower respiratory infection. 2) In 14 cases with isolated pathogens, we observed bacteriologic eradication in 11 cases(78.6%). 3) Significant side effects were not found CONCLUSION: Above results suggest that cefpirome was effective as a monotherapy in patients with acute lower respriatory infection, especially on those with as underlying chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD).
Two Cases of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus with Cerebrovascular Involvement.
Bong Jun Kim, Eun Young Lee, Young Hoon Hong, Ki Do Park, Young Doo Song, Choong Ki Lee, Young Ran Shim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1998;15(2):371-380.   Published online December 31, 1998
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1998.15.2.371
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE) is an autoimmune disease which may affect many different organs and disclose various clinical manifestations. Recently central nervous system(CNS) involvement has been recognized as an increasingly significant contributor to morbidity and mortality of SLE. The clinical manifestations of CNS-lupus are highly variable and range from mild cognitive dysfunction, movement disorder, headache, psychosis to life-threatening stroke and coma. Among the neuropsychiatric disorders encountered in patients with SLE, cerebrovascular disease has been a relatively rare complication. The diagnosis and management of CNS-lupus is difficult because of the lack of useful diagnostic methods. If, cerebrovascular involvement is suspected, then aggressive treatment such as high dose steroid, immunosuppressive therapy, plasma exchange, may be required to reduce high mortality rate. We experienced 2 cases cerebrovascular disease occurring in SLE patients which presented with various neuropsychiatric manifestations. They were diagnosed as CNS-lupus by neuropsychiatric symptoms, brain MRI, and EEG, and showed good response to high dose steroid pulse therapy.
8 cases of delayed onset P. vivax malaria.
Young Do Song, Jae Chun Lee, Young Hoon Hong, Eun Young Lee, Bong Jun Kim, Choong Ki Lee, Jin Young Moon
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1997;14(2):467-473.   Published online December 31, 1997
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1997.14.2.467
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AbstractAbstract PDF
South Korea has been free from endemic malaria by P. vivax since the mid-1980s, but malaria infections, including military outbreak in 1995, have been increasing steadily in the soldiers serving near the western part of Demilitarized Zone(DMZ) since its first resurgence in 1993. We experinced 8 cases of delayed onset P. vivax malaria in young men who had never been abroad and had no history of blood transfusion or parenteral use of drug. All the patients had served near the western part of DMZ during their military life. They were admitted to Yeungnam University hospital due to cyclic fever with chills and the clinical symptoms were developed 2 months to 11months after discharge from military service. Peripheral blood smears showed typical ring forms and trophozoites of P. vivax in red blood cell. Patients were treated with hydroxychloroquine and primaquine showing rapid clinical and hematologic responses in all cases, but 2 cases were relapsed later. We presumed that theses cases were delayed onset of P. vivax infection resulted from the recent outbreak in the western part of DMZ, in 1995. Therefore, we reported theses cases to emphasize the need of active surveillance and prevention.
Hyperinfection of strongyloides stercoralis.
Kyeong Cheol Shin, Jun Ha Chun, Chan Weon Park, Choong Ki Lee, Hyun Woo Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1993;10(2):518-524.   Published online December 31, 1993
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1993.10.2.518
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Strongylodiasis is universal in distribution but is most abundant in countries with a tropical climate. Although infestation by Strongyloides stercoralis is usually limited to the intestines, dessemination of this helminth in debilitated host can be lead to death with various clinical disorders. characterized by profound malabsorption, diarrhea, electrolyte imbalance, gram negative or opportunistic fungal sepsis, coma and death. Cell-mediated immunity contributing significantly to the control of helminthic infections, may be suppressed by carcinoma, immunosuppressive chemotherapy and use of corticosteroids. Diagnosis of Strongyloidiasis is achieved by an examination of samples of feces, duodenal aspirates and sputum of patients for Strongyloides stercoralis. Treatment of strongyloidiasis is twofold : correction of the immunosuppressive state by withdrawal of immunosuppressive drug, if possible, and vigorous treatment with thiabendazole. Testing for strongyloidiasis is especially recommanded before treating a patients should be monitored for infection by Strongyloides stercoralis and other opportunistic infection. We are reporting a case patient with Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection and pulmonary tuberculosis who had been. used corticosteroid for persisting polyarthritis.
A case of SIADH in small cell lung cancer.
Kyu Chang Won, Jong Sik Lim, Chan Woo Lee, Hyoung Woo Lee, Choong Ki Lee, Jin Hong Chung, Myoung Soo Hyun, Bong Sup Shim, Hyun Woo Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1991;8(2):227-234.   Published online December 31, 1991
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1991.8.2.227
  • 1,632 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretion is a disorder characterized by hyponatremia which results from water retention attributable to ADH release. The hallmark of SIADH is hyponatremia due to water retention, in the presence of urinary osmolality above plasma osmolality. The SIADH was initially described by Schwartz et al (1957). This syndrome, first recognized in patients with bronchogenic carcinoma, has now been observed in a variety of other illnesses. Recently, we encountered a 59 year-old female with small cell lung cancer, also she had SIADH. Thus, we present a case and review the literature on the subject.
A clinical study on multiple myeloma.
Hyeong Ki Hwang, Choong Ki Lee, Myung Soo Hyun, Bong Sup Shim, Hyun Woo Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1991;8(2):106-113.   Published online December 31, 1991
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1991.8.2.106
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AbstractAbstract PDF
A clinical review of 31 cases of multiple myeloma which were diagnosed by criteria of the SWOG between May 1983 and February 1990 at Yeungnam University Hospital was done. The results were as followings: 1. The peak incidence was in 7th decade and male to female ratio was 1.8:1. 2. The most common presenting symptom at first diagnosis was bone pain (58%), but fever, dyspnea, dizziness and palpable mass were also noted. 3. The distribution of laboratory findings as following diagnostic criteria of Southwest oncology group (SWOG): Plasmacytoma on tissue biopsy was noted 6 cases, bone marrow plasmacytosis with more than 10% plasma cells was 22 cases, monoclonal globulin spike on serum electrophoresis was 24 cases, lytic bone lesions was observed 22 cases. 4. Initial clinical stages were classified as 2 cases in stage I, 3 cases in stage II, 26 cases in stage III (84%). 5. Immunoelectrophoresis revealed the distribution of IgG 64%, light chain 22%, IgA 10%, Kappa to Lambda ratio of 1.1:1. 6. Hematologic & biochemical findings revealed anemia with <8.5% of hemoglobin in 42%, hypercalcemia with <10.6 mg% of serum calcium in 22%, azotemia >2.0 mg% of serum creatinine in 19%. 7. The multiple punched out lesion of bone x-ray examination were noticed skull (65%), rib (42%), L-spine (35%), pelvis (23%), T-spine (19%). The initial skeletal roentgenographic findings showed osteoporosis, osteolytic lesion and fracture in 55%, only osteolytic lesion in 23%, only osteoporosis in 10%. 8. Complications of multiple myeloma, such as 10 cases of renal impairment, 8 cases of infection, 16 cases of compression fracture of spine were observed.
The Clinical Review of Superior Vena Cava Syndrome.
Joung Sun Kang, Sam Beom Lee, Choong Ki Lee, Jin Hong Chung, Hyoung Woo Lee, Kwan Ho Lee, Myung Soo Hyun, Hyun Woo Lee, Sei One Shin, Myung Se Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1990;7(2):151-158.   Published online December 31, 1990
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1990.7.2.151
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AbstractAbstract PDF
We reviewed 30 cases of superior vena cava syndrome in adult patients who were seen at the Yeungnam University Hospital from January 1985 to June 1990. The results were as follows: 1. The male-to-female ratio was 6.5:1, and the most patients were in the age group between the sixth and seventh decades. 2. The most common symptoms were dyspnea (87%) and followed by cough (63%), facial swelling (63%) and chest pain (44%) and the physical signs were dilated neck vein (97%), facial edema (93%) and facial flushing (45%) in order of frequency. 3. The simple chest x-ray findings were superior mediastinal widening (90%), right hilar mass (77%) and pleural effusion (31%). 4. Diagnosis was made by history and physical examination (100%), chest C-T scan (100%), simple chest x-ray (97%), bronchoscopy with biopsy (40%) and so on. 5. 21 cases of patients were confirmed by histology: 14 cases (46%) of bronchogenic ca, 4 cases (14%) of lymphoma, 3 cases (10%) of metastatic lung ca. Of bronchogenic ca, small cell ca was 7 cases (23%), squamous cell ca, 5 cases (17%), and unclassified cawas 2 cases (6%). 6. In response of treatment, the clinical improvement was achieved in 18 cases with radiotherapy alone, 1 case with chemotherapy only, and 6 cases with radio-chemotherapy.

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science