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J Yeungnam Med Sci > Volume 33(2); 2016 > Article
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine 2016;33(2):146-149.
DOI:    Published online December 31, 2016.
Heterotopic bone formation in normal gastric cardiac mucosa.
Seok Hyeon Eom, Chang Hwan Park, Duk Won Chung, Sang Hyeok Lee, Ji Young Seo, Yeong Sung Kim, Dong Hyup Kwak, Jung Hee Kim
1Department of Internal Medicine, Kwak Hospital, Daegu, Korea.
2Department of Pathology, Kwak Hospital, Daegu, Korea.
Heterotopic bone formation in the gastrointestinal tract is a rare phenomenon. Most reported cases were associated with benign and malignant neoplasms, except for a case in which heterotopic bone formation was found in a patient with Barrett's esophagus. The exact pathogenesis of the disease has not yet been established. However, most heterotopic bones found in the gastrointestinal tract were associated with mucinproducing tumors of the appendix, colon, and rectum. Inflammation may also play a role in osseous metaplasia in a case with bone formation at the base of an ulcer in Barrett's esophagus. Here, we report on a patient with heterotopic bone formation in normal gastric cardiac mucosa. A 50-year-old female visited our hospital for a routine health examination. She had no gastrointestinal symptoms, and her physical examination, blood test, X-ray, urine, and stool examination results were normal. A 0.3 cm sized polypoid lesion located just below the squamocolumnar junction was observed on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. A piece of biopsy was taken. Histologically, a lamella bone trabecula and chronic inflammatory cells were observed in the gastric cardiac mucosa. The follow-up endoscopy performed one month later showed no residual lesion.
Key Words: Heterotopic ossification, Stomach
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