Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

Indexed in: ESCI, Scopus, PubMed,
PubMed Central, CAS, DOAJ, KCI
FREE article processing charge
OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Previous issues

Page Path
HOME > Browse Articles > Previous issues
18 Previous issues
Filter
Filter
Article category
Keywords
Authors
Volume 12(1); June 1995
Prev issue Next issue
Reviews
A study of PCNA Expression in Gastric Adenoma and Adenocarcinoma.
Mi Jin Kim, Won Hee Choi, Tae Sook Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1995;12(1):1-9.   Published online June 30, 1995
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1995.12.1.1
  • 1,471 View
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
A monoclonal antibody to PCNA, which can be used on routinely processed tissue, was applied to 25 cases of gastric adenomas and 64 cases of gastric adenocarcinomas in order to diffentiate adenoma and adenocarcinoma and also to evaluate the prognostic value in adenocarcinoma. The results were summerized as follows: The PCNA labelling index was 29.14+/-12.77% in control, 44.09+/-17.11% in adenoma and 80.15+/-10. 69 in adenocarcinoma, resulting in significant increase in adenocarcinoma compared to adenoma. In adenocarcinoma, no significant correlation was observed between PCNA labelling index and histologic grade, and there -was increased tendency of PCNA labelling index in proportion to depth of invasion without statistical significance. The PCNA index was significantly increased in advanced adenocarcinoma compared to early gastric carcinoma, and also in positive nodal metastasis group than in negative group. From above results, the PCNA stain will be able to provide a helpful method for the differential diagnosis between gastric adenoma and adenocarcinoma, and could be a useful prognostic factor in adenocarcinoma if other factors are considered together.
Serum AST.ALT Activities in the Diagnosis of Liver Diseases.
Heon Ju Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1995;12(1):10-20.   Published online June 30, 1995
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1995.12.1.10
  • 1,620 View
  • 1 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Anti-Obesity Effects of Black Barley Ferment Extract in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes and Obese Mice Induced by High Fat Diet
    Hye Ran Choi, Su Jung Lee, Jong Hyuk Park, Jaeju Kim, Tae Ho Ryu
    Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition.2023; 52(5): 482.     CrossRef
Biological Monitoring.
Chang Yoon Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1995;12(1):21-31.   Published online June 30, 1995
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1995.12.1.21
  • 1,492 View
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
Original Articles
Gene Expression of Enzymes Related to Glutathione Metabolism in Anticancer Drug-resistant L1210 Sublines
Seong Yong Kim, Jae Ryong Kim, Jung Hye Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1995;12(1):32-47.   Published online June 30, 1995
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1995.12.1.32
  • 1,409 View
  • 9 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Glutathione(GSH) has a very important role in detoxification of cells and is closely related to antitumor drug-resistance of cancer cells. In order to evaluate the importance of glutathione metabolism in the drug-resistant cancer cells, the concentration of celluar GSH and activities of y-glutamylcysteine synthetase(GCS), y-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) and glutathione S-transferases(GST) in the adriamycin, vincristine, or cisplatin resistant L1210 (L1210AdR; L1210VcR, or L12100s) sublines were measured. Expression and amplification of GCS, GGT, and GST-i7 genes were also observed in the parent L1210 and the drug-resistant L1210 sublines. The concentration of GSH was increased 5.34 fold in L12100s, 2.83 fold in L1210VcR, and 1.78 fo-d in L1210AdR, compared to L1210. The activities of GCS and GGT were -increased in drug-resistant L1210 sublines. The GST activity was increased in L1210VcR and L1210Cis but decreased in L1210AdR compared to L1210. Expression of GCS, GGT, and GST-rr genes were increased in the resistant L1210 sublines compare to the parent L1210 in northern blot analyses. Overexpression of GCS, GGT, and GST-77 were observed in the resistant sublines, and the increases of the concentration of glutathione and the activities of GCS and GGT in the resistant sublines may be involved in a part of the drug-resistance in the resistant sublines.
Diagnostic Efficiency of Lactate Dehydrogenase, Crreatine Kinase and Troponin T in Acute Myocardial Infarction.
Chae Hoon Lee, Kyung Dong Kim, Chung Sook Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1995;12(1):48-55.   Published online June 30, 1995
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1995.12.1.48
  • 1,453 View
  • 2 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The present study was designed to evaluate the efficiency of total lactate dehydrogenase, total creatine kinase, LD1/LD2 ratio, CK-MB and newly developed troponin T in acute myocardial infarction. The level of troponin T was 0.010.02 pg/L in 34 healthy person, but the peak vaule of acute myocardial infarction ranged in 4.7-24.2 pg/L. Total lactate dehydrogenase was peaked in 1 to 3 days after chest pain and then progressively decreased, but LD1/LD2 ratio was persistently higher than 1.0 for 10 days in most patients. Total creatine kinase and CK-MB were peaked in 1-2 days, and normalized in 3-4 days, so they, were useful in early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction, but not for the late stages of acute myocardiz l infarction. Troponin T is early elevated and persistently high level for more than 10 days. Comparing with total lactate dehydrogenase, total creatine kinase, LD1/LD2 ratio and CK-MB, troponin-T test improves the efficiency of serodiagnostic method for the detection of ischemic myocardial damage.
An Elementary School Children Screen Test for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Taegu City.
Heung Bae Park, Jin Sung Kim, Sang Ruyl Jang, Sung Chan Park, Hye Soo Suh, Kwang Hun Lee, Young Uck Kim, Chang Su Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1995;12(1):56-74.   Published online June 30, 1995
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1995.12.1.56
  • 1,495 View
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The authors applied ADDES-HV parent evaluation scale for the purpose of screeing test to 538 2nd grade elementary school students from March 1994 to May. The results were as follows: There was no differences in scores of ADHD between schools. In comparing the male and female between three school students, male students showed signifieant high scores (p<0.05) than female students in the score of ADDES-HV subscale and total. There was no significant differences in ADDES-HV scale between male students and female students in both ADHD patients and normal controls. In reliability test for test and retest, the reliability coefficient was higher satisfatorily and that of inattention was 0.80, inpulsivity was 0.69, hyperactivity was 0.63 and the total score was 0.82. In reliability test by internal consistancy, the Cronbach a coefficient of patient group was 0.85(p<0.05) and that of normal control was 0.84(p<0.05). The Concurrent validity between ADDES-HV scale and DSM- III -R scale was 0.57(p<0.05) in ADHD patient group and 0.84(p<0.05) in normal control group. In discriminant validity test between ADHD patient group and normal control, the ADHD patient group showed higher score(p<0.05). The total disciminant capacity of the patient group in ADDES-HV scale was 94.44%. When we regard the cut off point as standard deviation 1.5, the male student was 80 score and the female student was 69 score. In this point of view, ADDES-HV scale was proved to be the useful screening test tool for ADHD research and showed higher reliability and validity in applying to Korean subjects.
Acute Phase Retinal Phototoxicity Induced by Blue Fluorescent Light.
Young Hoon Park, Soon Cheol Cha, Duk Kee Hahn
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1995;12(1):75-83.   Published online June 30, 1995
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1995.12.1.75
  • 1,517 View
  • 2 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Even though phototherapy is an effective means of treating hyperbilirubinemia, adequate binocular shields are essential to prevent light hazard of retina during phototherapy. The phototherapy to young albino rabbits was performed under various conditions; exposured for 12, 24, and 48 hours, continuity or intermittence of irradiation, and use of shields. Although there was no definite pathologic change in indirect ophthalmoscopic examination, severe damage was seen at electron microscopic level. In all experimental groups, swelling and edema of photoreceptor were seen. at right after phototherapy. Futhermore, more severe damage was seen in case of intermittent irradiated group and prolong exposed group. In mydriatic eyes, severity of damage was similiar to non mydi iatic eyes, but area of retinal damage was more extensive than non-mydriatic eves.. In control group which was protected by binocular shields during phototherapy, no significant abnormality was found.
An Analysis of 94 Percutaneous Renal Biopsies.
Ho Jung Kang, Sang Woo Lim, Joo Yeung Do, Kyung Woo Yoon
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1995;12(1):84-95.   Published online June 30, 1995
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1995.12.1.84
  • 1,505 View
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
A clinical and histopathological study was performed on ninety-four patients with nephrotic syndrome (91 idiopathic and 3 secondary) who were admitted to Department of Internal Medicine, Yeungnam University Hospital during the period of nine years, from January 1985 to May 1994. The results were as following. 1. the ratio of male to female was 1.76:1. In young age group, minimal change was the most predominant type. In old age group, membranous glomerulonephritis and focal glomerulosclerosis were predominant types. 2.- The primary nephrotic syndromes were 96.8% and secondary nephrotic syndromes were 3.2%. Histopathologic findings of 94 renal biopsy tissue were classified into minimal change (43.6%) mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (29.8%), membranous glomerulonephritis (12.8%), Typel membranous proliferative glomerulonephritis (4.3%), focal glomerulosclerosis (3.2%) .and others (6.4%). 3. The response of eighty-six patients treated with steroid showed complete remission in 51.2%, partial remission in 20.9%, steroid dependent in 2.3%, and no effect in 25.6% of cases respectively. The response to steroid therapy was most effective in the patients with minimal change lesion. 4. In the patient with membranous proliferative glomerulonephlitis, long-term angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor treatment showed less deterioration of renal function.
Changes of the Renal Arteries Accordding to Various Embolic Materials
Jae Ho Cho, Kil Ho Cho, Jae Chung Chang, Bok Hwan Park, Dong Sug Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1995;12(1):96-104.   Published online June 30, 1995
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1995.12.1.96
  • 1,640 View
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The transarterial embolization has been widely used to control bleeding. It has a variety of clinical utility; to reduce bleeding on the surgical field, to reduce the size of malignant tumor as a preopearative treatment, to treat arteriovenous malformation or arterial aneurysm as a curative method and to promote life quality of patient with diffuse or multiple hepatocellular carcinoma as a palliative treatment, etc. With the advance of modem technology, various embolic materials have been also developed. However, it has not been fully investigated of histopathologic changes of the embolized organs according to the embolic materials used. This study was undertaken to investigate the histopathologic changes of embolized renal artery in rabbit by various embolic materials, according to each embolic material and to time passed by after embolization. Of the 5 arteries embolized by ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (EVAL), one showed abscess formation in embolized kidney. The other 4 allowed to perform further pathologic study: within a week after embolization there was no any specific change in vessels, however, mnimal endothelial hypertrophy was observed following 2 weeks of embolization. Of the 8 renal arteries embolized by N-buthyl-2-cyanoacrylate (Histoacryl), 4 showed total occlusion of the main renal arteries as well as renal infarction, which reflects the strong adhesiveness of Histoacryl to vascular wall. The other 4 showed fibrinoid degeneration in vascular wall within a week. However, further change was not observed thereafter. In all the 5 renal arteries embolized by polyvinyl alcohol (Ivalon), there were infiltration of inflammatory cells along the vessel walls, within one week, which represents vasculitis. They showed some fibrosis with appearance of giant cells in the vessels two months after embolization, respectively. The results suggest that EVAL is useful for the embolization of hypervascular lesion with limited arteriovenous fistula, histoacryl for the curative treatment of the lesion with high blood flow or severe arteriovenous fistula, and Ivalan for palliative treatment of malignant tumor or arteriovenous malformation, respectively.
Clinical Study of Spontaneous Closure in Simple Ventricular Septal Defects
Young Hwan Lee, Yong Hoon Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1995;12(1):105-112.   Published online June 30, 1995
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1995.12.1.105
  • 1,592 View
  • 3 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
During the period of 9.5 years from September, 1985 to March, 1995, 32 cases with spontaneous closure in simple ventricular septal defect(VSD) were observed and evaluated at Yeungnam University Hospital, and those were confirmed by 2D-echocardiogram. The results were as follows: 1. Among these 32 cases, there were 23 cases(71.9%) of perimembranous VSD, 8 cases(25.0%) of muscular VSD and 1 case(3.1%) of subarterial VSD. Septal aneurysms appears to be main mechanism of spontaneous closure of VSD because of the presence of septal aneurysm in all cases with spontaneous ',;losure of a perimembranous VSD. 2. The size of the defect was variable in diameter, but 27 cases(81.2%) were less than 5 mm. 3. The mean age was 12.1 months at spontaneous closure with the range from 1 month old to 72 months. 4. The mean weight was 9.0 kg at spontaneous closure. 5.--Among these 32 cases, 3 cases had the clinical evidence of cardimegaly or congestive hert -failure during infancy. 6. Male to female sex ratio was 1.5:1
A Study on Neurosis According to Experience of Sexual Abuse among Female High School Students in Taegu
Hyung Bae Park, Jin Sung Kim, Sang Ruyl Jang, Tae Yong Rho, Hye Soo Suh, Chang Su Kim, Kwang Hun Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1995;12(1):113-123.   Published online June 30, 1995
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1995.12.1.113
  • 1,538 View
  • 2 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
1) The sexual abuse victim group showed significantly higher neurotic traits of Free floating anxiety (p<0. 05), Phobic(p<0.01), Obsession(p<0.01), Somatic(p<0.05), Depression(p<0.01) than the control group. 2) The Neurotic traits of Somatic(p<0.01), Depression(p<0.01), Hysteric(p<0.01) were higher in the multiple-abused than the single-abused. 3) When the duration of being abused was concerned, subjects with more than 1 year duration had significantly higher neurotic traits of Obsession(p<0.05), Somatic(p<0.05), Depression(p<0.05) than subjects with less than 1 year duration. 4) The neurotic traits of Phobic, Somatic, Depression were significantly higher in the subjects with higher intensity of sexual abuse than with lower intensity. 5) Among 68 victims, 31 girls(45%) were assaulted by strangers, 10(14%) were by relatives, 7(10.3%) were by siblings, 6(8.8%) were by neihbors. Among them, 34 girls(50%) bad counselling or psychotherapy and the people to whom they had sought for help were friends(23 girls ; 68%), parents (7 girls ; 11.7%) and mental health professonals (2 girls ; 5.9%).
The Effect of EDTA and Fetal Cord Serum Supplementation to Ham's F-10 Culture Medium on Development Potential of Mouse Embryos in Vitro
Byeong Seog Kim, Young GI Lee, Yoon Kee Park, Tae Hyung Lee, Sung Ho Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1995;12(1):124-134.   Published online June 30, 1995
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1995.12.1.124
  • 1,543 View
  • 6 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
It is the most important to select optimal culture conditions to promote safe embryo growth in the technique of human in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer. It has been shown that the addition of biologic fluids, such as blood serum, of various origins, improved fertilization and early cleavage rates in numerous species. The purpose of this study is to attempt to measure developmental potential of mouse eggs fertilized and cleaved in Ham's F10 culture medium containing a chelating agent, EDTA and fetal cord serum. In this study, we selected 40 female mice and 20 male mice, and investigated optimal serum concentration' for mouse embryo growth. Two cell stage mouse embryos were cultured in Ham's F-10 medium, Ham's F-10 medium with various concentrations of EDTA, or Ham's F-10 medium with EDTA and 10% human cord serum. Developmental ratios to morula in Ham's F-10 medium containing various concentrations of EDTA and/or 10% fetal cord serum were significantly higher than in unsupplemented Ham's F-10 medium (p<0.05). Developmental ratios to blastocyst in Ham's F-10 containing 10% fetal cord serum and 5011M or 100µM EDTA were significantly higher than in unsupplemented Ham's F-10 medium (p<0.05). Developmental ratios to morula in Ham's F-10 containing 10% fetal cord serum and 100µM EDTA were significantly higher than in Ham's F-10 with 10% fetal cord serum used commonly in many human IVF centers (p<0.05). Developmental ratio to blastocyst in Ham's F-10 containing 10% fetal cord serum and 100µM EDTA was significantly higher than in Ham's F-10 with 200µM EDTA (p<0.05). In summary, embryo development to morula and blastocyst was significantly higher in the presence of human cord serum or EDTA than in the unsupplemented medium. The most significantly development to morula and blastocyst was obtained at Ham’s F-10 medium with 100µM concentration of EDTA and 10% fetal cord serum. These results suggest that Ham’s F-10 medium containing 10% fetal cord serum and optimal concentrations of EDTA significantly promoted early cleavage of mouse zygotes, and these will be useful as basic data for the selection of culture medium in human in vitro fertilization.
Case Reports
Acute Pulmonary Mycetoma Due to Candida albicans in AML patient.
Jae Kyo Lee, Mi Soo Hwang, Mi Jin Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1995;12(1):135-140.   Published online June 30, 1995
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1995.12.1.135
  • 1,598 View
  • 4 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Acute cavitating pulmonary infection with a mycetoma is sometimes occur in immunocompromised patient. Most mycetoma lesions are due to Aspergillus species, and lesion caused by Candida species is rare. So we report an experienced case that pulmonary and rib infection caused by Candida species-'in -AML patient and complete remission with previous reports.
Diagnostic Reliability & Case Reports Of The Dynamic MRI For Temporomandibular Joint Disease
Jin Ho Park, Byung Rho Chin, Woo Mok Byun
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1995;12(1):141-148.   Published online June 30, 1995
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1995.12.1.141
  • 1,641 View
  • 2 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The Magnetic resonance imaging has been used widely to evaluate the disk position without any interruption of the TMJ structures, and the dynamic MRI presenting computed serial imaging or the video-recorded simulation images is thought to be very effective to evaluate the disk position under function. This is to study the correlation between the clinical diagnosis and the findings of dynamic MRI for diagnosis of internal derangement of the 7 patients were examined clinically, and the movement of TMJ meniscus was reviewed in the dynamic MRI. MRI was very reliable to diagnose the amount of anterior displacement of articular disc, the structural abnormality of temporomandibular joint, the cause of functional limitation, and to differentiate the muscle related pain & dysfunction
Other
[A role of nitric oxide on blood circulation in the digestive tract and implication of bacterial translocation]
Moon-Kwan Jung
Yeungnam Univ J Med. ;12(1):151-153.   Published online June 30, 1995
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1995.12.1.151
  • 1,329 View
  • 2 Download
PDF

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science