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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Suk Hwan Baek 2 Articles
Role of Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase 1/2 and Reactive Oxygen Species in Toll-Like Receptor 2-Mediated Dual-Specificity Phosphatase 4 Expression.
So Yeon Kim, Suk Hwan Baek
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2013;30(1):10-16.   Published online June 30, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2013.30.1.10
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BACKGROUND
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are well-known pattern recognition receptors. Among the 13 TLRs, TLR2 is the most known receptor for immune response. It activates mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), which are counterbalanced by MAPK phosphatases [MKPs or dual-specificity phosphatases (DUSPs)]. However, the regulatory mechanism of DUSPs is still unclear. In this study, the effect of a TLR2 ligand (TLR2L, Pam3CSK4) on DUSP4 expression in Raw264.7 cells was demonstrated. METHODS: A Raw264.7 mouse macrophage cell line was cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum and 1% antibiotics (100 U/mL penicillin and 100 g/mL streptomycin) at 37degrees C in 5% CO2. TLR2L (Pam3CSK4)-mediated DUSP4 expressions were confirmed with RT-PCR and western blot analysis. In addition, the detection of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was measured with lucigenin assay. RESULTS: Pam3CSK4 induced the expression of DUSP1, 2, 4, 5 and 16. The DUSP4 expression was also increased by TLR4 and 9 agonists (lipopolysaccharide and CpG ODN, respectively). Pam3CSK4 also induced ERK1/2 phosphorylation and ROS production, and the Pam3CSK4-induced DUSP4 expression was decreased by ERK1/2 (U0126) and ROS (DPI) inhibitors. U0126 suppressed the ROS production by Pam3CSK4. CONCLUSION: Pam3CSK4-mediated DUSP4 expression is regulated by ERK1/2 and ROS. This finding suggests the physiological importance of DUSP4 in TLR2-mediated immune response.
Profile of Gene Expression Changes During Doxorubicin Induced Apoptosis of Saos-2.
Jeong Sook Lim, Min Jae Bae, Suk Hwan Baek, Jae Ryong Kim, Jung Hye Kim, Seong Yong Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2005;22(2):221-240.   Published online December 31, 2005
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2005.22.2.221
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Doxorubicin has proved to be a useful chemotherapeutic agent especially for osteogenic sarcoma. It induces cancer cell death via apoptosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To explore and analyze the changes of gene expression during doxorubicin induced apoptosis on human osteogenic sarcoma, Saos-2 cell, cDNA microarray was performed. After treatment with doxorubicin, total RNA was purified and expressed genes were investigated with a 17k human cDNA microarray. RESULTS: For analysis of the cDNA microarray, the genes were filtered using the sum of the median value of Cy3 and Cy5 signal intensity of greater than 800. Expression of 264 genes was changed by more than 2 fold, and the expression of 35 genes was changed more than 3 fold after treatment with doxorubicin. The genes were primarily related to cell death, cell growth and maintenance, signal transduction, cellular component, transport, and metabolism. CONCLUSION: Treatment with doxorubicin induced expressional change of many genes. Some of the genes might be related with apoptosis directly or indirectly. Further study is now needed to characterize these genes.

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science