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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Soyoung Kwak 3 Articles
Home mechanical ventilation in children with chronic respiratory failure: a narrative review
Soyoung Kwak
J Yeungnam Med Sci. 2023;40(2):123-135.   Published online May 27, 2022
  • 2,490 View
  • 132 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Advances in perinatal and pediatric intensive care and recent advances in mechanical ventilation during the last two decades have resulted in an exponential increase in the number of children undergoing home mechanical ventilation (HMV) treatment. Although its efficacy in chronic respiratory failure is well established, HMV in children is more complex than that in adults, and there are more considerations. This review outlines clinical considerations for HMV in children. The goal of HMV in children is not only to correct alveolar hypoventilation but also to maximize development as much as possible. The modes of ventilation and ventilator settings, including ventilation masks, tubing, circuits, humidification, and ventilator parameters, should be tailored to the patient’s individual characteristics. To ensure effective HMV, education for the parent and caregiver is important. HMV continues to change the scope of treatment for chronic respiratory failure in children in that it decreases respiratory morbidity and prolongs life spans. Further studies on this topic with larger scale and systemic approach are required to ensure the better outcomes in this population.
Differential diagnosis of motor weakness in the right lower limb of a 59-year-old male patient
Jae Hwa Bae, Soyoung Kwak
J Yeungnam Med Sci. 2022;39(4):347-351.   Published online September 20, 2022
  • 1,659 View
  • 68 Download
Pain in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: a narrative review
Soyoung Kwak
J Yeungnam Med Sci. 2022;39(3):181-189.   Published online June 8, 2022
  • 2,893 View
  • 85 Download
  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a rapidly progressive neurodegenerative condition characterized by loss of motor neurons, resulting in motor weakness of the limbs and/or bulbar muscles. Pain is a prevalent but neglected symptom of ALS, and it has a significant negative impact on the quality of life of patients and their caregivers. This review outlines the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, underlying mechanisms, and management strategies of pain in ALS to improve clinical practice and patient outcomes related to pain. Pain is a prevalent symptom among patients with ALS, with a variable reported prevalence. It may occur at any stage of the disease and can involve any part of the body without a specific pattern. Primary pain includes neuropathic pain and pain from spasticity or cramps, while secondary pain is mainly nociceptive, occurring with the progression of muscle weakness and atrophy, prolonged immobility causing degenerative changes in joints and connective tissue, and long-term home mechanical ventilation. Prior to treatment, the exact patterns and causes of pain must first be identified, and the treatment should be tailored to each patient. Treatment options can be classified into pharmacological treatments, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antiepileptic drugs, drugs for cramps or spasticity, and opioid; and nonpharmacological treatments, including positioning, splints, joint injections, and physical therapy. The development of standardized and specific assessment tools for pain-specific to ALS is required, as are further studies on treatments to reduce pain, diminish suffering, and improve the quality of life of patients with ALS.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Likely Pathogenic Variants of Cav1.3 and Nav1.1 Encoding Genes in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Could Elucidate the Dysregulated Pain Pathways
    Zsófia Flóra Nagy, Balázs Sonkodi, Margit Pál, Péter Klivényi, Márta Széll
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  • Palliative Care in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
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    Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science.2022; 39(3): 179.     CrossRef
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    Bradley Roberts, Frances Theunissen, Francis L. Mastaglia, P. Anthony Akkari, Loren L. Flynn
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2022; 23(16): 9364.     CrossRef
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    Siyang Peng, Weiqian Chang, Yukun Tian, Yajing Yang, Shaohong Li, Jinxia Ni, Wenzeng Zhu
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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science