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Mi Seon Lee 2 Articles
Increase in blood glucose level and incidence of diabetic ketoacidosis in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus in the Daegu-Gyeongbuk area during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic: a retrospective cross-sectional study
Mi Seon Lee, Rosie Lee, Cheol Woo Ko, Jung Eun Moon
J Yeungnam Med Sci. 2022;39(1):46-52.   Published online August 26, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2021.01221
  • 6,789 View
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  • 8 Web of Science
  • 11 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in the Daegu-Gyeongbuk area in 2020 has caused difficulties in the daily life and hospital care of children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). We detected an increase in blood sugar levels in these children and the number of patients hospitalized with more severe diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) compared to those before COVID-19.
Methods
This single-center study was conducted at Kyungpook National University Children’s Hospital. The following patient groups were included; 45 returning patients diagnosed with T1DM and undergoing insulin treatment for more than 2 years and 20 patients newly diagnosed with T1DM before and after COVID-19 were selected by age matching. Returning patients before and after the outbreak were selected, and changes in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels were retrospectively reviewed. The HbA1c levels and severity of symptoms in newly diagnosed patients during hospitalization were examined.
Results
HbA1c levels in returning patients with T1DM were significantly increased after COVID-19 (before, 7.70%±1.38% vs. after, 8.30%±2.05%; p=0.012). There were 10 and 10 newly diagnosed patients before and after COVID-19, respectively. The proportion of patients with drowsiness and dyspnea at the time of admission was higher after COVID-19 than before (before, 2 of 10 vs. after, 4 of 10). The HbA1c levels were higher in newly diagnosed patients hospitalized after COVID-19 than before (before, 11.15% vs. after, 13.60%; p=0.036).
Conclusion
Due to COVID-19 in the Daegu-Gyeongbuk area, there was an increase in blood glucose levels in children with T1DM and in the incidence of severe DKA in newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus patients.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Incidence of diabetic ketoacidosis during COVID-19 pandemic: a meta-analysis of 124,597 children with diabetes
    Anas Elgenidy, Ahmed K. Awad, Khaled Saad, Mostafa Atef, Hatem Helmy El-Leithy, Ahmed A. Obiedallah, Emad M. Hammad, Faisal-Alkhateeb Ahmad, Ahmad M. Ali, Hamad Ghaleb Dailah, Amira Elhoufey, Samaher Fathy Taha
    Pediatric Research.2023; 93(5): 1149.     CrossRef
  • Comments on Rahmati et al., The global impact of COVID‐19 pandemic on the incidence of pediatric new‐onset type 1 diabetes and ketoacidosis: A systematic review and meta‐analysis. J Med Virol. 2022; 1‐16 (doi: 10.1002/jmv.27996)
    Joachim Rosenbauer, Anna Stahl‐Pehe, Sabrina Schlesinger, Oliver Kuß
    Journal of Medical Virology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Children and Adolescents with New-Onset Type 1 Diabetes
    Clemens Kamrath, Alexander J. Eckert, Reinhard W. Holl, Joachim Rosenbauer, Andrea Scaramuzza
    Pediatric Diabetes.2023; 2023: 1.     CrossRef
  • Difficulties in differential diagnosis of carbohydrate metabolism disorders in patients with coronavirus infection in real clinical practice. Case report
    Tatyana N. Markova, Mukhamed S. Stas, Valentina V. Chibisova, Anastasia A. Anchutina
    Consilium Medicum.2023; 25(4): 241.     CrossRef
  • Endocrinological Involvement in Children and Adolescents Affected by COVID-19: A Narrative Review
    Valeria Calcaterra, Veronica Maria Tagi, Raffaella De Santis, Andrea Biuso, Silvia Taranto, Enza D’Auria, Gianvincenzo Zuccotti
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2023; 12(16): 5248.     CrossRef
  • Glycemic control and complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents during the COVID-19 outbreak
    Kyeong Eun Oh, Yu Jin Kim, Ye Rim Oh, Eungu Kang, Hyo-Kyoung Nam, Young-Jun Rhie, Kee-Hyoung Lee
    Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism.2023; 28(4): 275.     CrossRef
  • Incidence of Diabetic Ketoacidosis Among Pediatrics With Type 1 Diabetes Prior to and During COVID-19 Pandemic: A Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies
    Osamah M. Alfayez, Kholood S. Aldmasi, Nada H. Alruwais, Nouf M. Bin Awad, Majed S. Al Yami, Omar A. Almohammed, Abdulaali R. Almutairi
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Comparison of Initial Presentation of Pediatric Diabetes Before and During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic Era
    Yoonha Lee, Minseung Kim, Kyeongeun Oh, Eungu Kang, Young-Jun Rhie, Jieun Lee, Yong Hee Hong, Young-Lim Shin, Jae Hyun Kim
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The global impact of COVID‐19 pandemic on the incidence of pediatric new‐onset type 1 diabetes and ketoacidosis: A systematic review and meta‐analysis
    Masoud Rahmati, Maryam Keshvari, Shahrzad Mirnasuri, Dong K. Yon, Seung W. Lee, Jae Il Shin, Lee Smith
    Journal of Medical Virology.2022; 94(11): 5112.     CrossRef
  • COVID-19 and diabetes: What do we know so far?
    Prakash Gangadaran, Himabindu Padinjarathil, Shri Hari Subhashri Rajendran, Manasi P Jogalekar, Chae Moon Hong, Baladhandapani Aruchamy, Uma Maheswari Rajendran, Sridharan Gurunagarajan, Anand Krishnan, Prasanna Ramani, Kavimani Subramanian
    Experimental Biology and Medicine.2022; 247(15): 1330.     CrossRef
  • Stress hyperglycemia, Diabetes mellitus and COVID-19 infection: The impact on newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes
    Ioanna Farakla, Theano Lagousi, Michael Miligkos, Nicolas C. Nicolaides, Ioannis-Anargyros Vasilakis, Maria Mpinou, Maria Dolianiti, Elina Katechaki, Anilia Taliou, Vasiliki Spoulou, Christina Kanaka-Gantenbein
    Frontiers in Clinical Diabetes and Healthcare.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
The prevalence and prevention strategies of pediatric obesity: a narrative review
Mi Seon Lee
Received April 4, 2024  Accepted May 28, 2024  Published online June 11, 2024  
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/jyms.2024.00346
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AbstractAbstract
Pediatric obesity has rapidly increased globally over the past few decades, including in South Korea. We aimed to discuss trends in the prevalence of pediatric obesity and effective prevention strategies. Its prevalence has markedly increased in most high-income nations. According to recent reports, this increase has slowed in developed countries, but the levels remain alarmingly high. In Korea, the rate of pediatric obesity has surged notably since the 1990s; however, since the 2000s, this increase has become more gradual. According to recently published 2017 growth charts, the prevalence of pediatric obesity in South Korea varies slightly depending on the data source. The National School Health Examination data showed that pediatric obesity gradually increase from 11.5% in 2014 to 15.1% in 2019, and after the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, it sharply increased to 19% in 2021. Based on data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, the prevalence of pediatric obesity gradually increased from 10.8% in 2017 to 13.6% in 2019. This trend, which accelerated sharply to 15.9% in 2020 and 19.3% in 2021, was especially severe in boys and older children. Pediatric obesity not only affects health during childhood but also increases the risk of developing obesity and associated health conditions in adulthood. Despite ongoing research on treatment options, obesity prevention and control remain challenging. Hence, prioritizing early intervention and prevention of pediatric obesity through healthy eating habits and lifestyles is crucial. This requires intervention at the individual, family, school, and community levels.

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science