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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Konstantinos Kostopanagiotou 1 Article
Outcomes after repair of complete atrioventricular canal with a modified single-patch technique: a retrospective study
George Samanidis, Konstantinos Kostopanagiotou, Meletios Kanakis, Georgios Kourelis, Kyriaki Kolovou, Georgios Vagenakis, Dimitrios Bobos, Nicholas Giannopoulos
J Yeungnam Med Sci. 2023;40(2):187-192.   Published online February 1, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/jyms.2022.00759
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
This study aimed to present the short- and midterm outcomes after complete atrioventricular canal defect (CAVC) repair using a single-patch technique.
Methods
This study included 30 children who underwent surgical correction of the CAVC using a single-patch technique.
Results
The median age of the patients was 5.7 months (interquartile range [IQR], 5.0–7.5 months), and 23 patients (76.7%) had type A CAVC. Fourteen patients (46.7%) were female and 17 (56.7%) had been diagnosed with Down syndrome. The in-hospital mortality rate was 0%. No deaths were observed during a median follow-up of 4 years (IQR, 3.5–5.0 years). Patients without Down syndrome were associated with late moderate mitral regurgitation (MR) (p=0.02). Late MR less than moderate degree was observed in 96.6%, 78.5%, and 50% of patients after 2, 4, and 5 years of follow-up, respectively, while late tricuspid valve regurgitation less than moderate degree was observed in 96.7%, 85.9%, and 59.0% of patients after 2, 4, and 6 years of follow-up, respectively. After a median follow-up of 4 years, only one patient had required surgical repair of a left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, which occurred 26 months after the first operation. Multivariable logistic regression analysis adjusted for the type of CAVC, sex, Down syndrome, age, and weight revealed that the absence of Down syndrome was a risk factor for late moderate MR (MR-2) (odds ratio, 0.05; 95% confidence interval, 0.006–0.50; p=0.01).
Conclusion
A single-patch technique for CAVC surgical repair is a safe method with acceptable short- and midterm results.

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science