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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Jun Chul Kim 1 Article
The relationship between disability and clinical outcomes in maintenance dialysis patients
Seok Hui Kang, Jun Young Do, Jun Chul Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2021;38(2):127-135.   Published online October 15, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2020.00346
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  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
Dialysis patients are prone to having disabilities. We aimed to evaluate the association between disability and various clinical outcomes in Korean dialysis patients.
Methods
This study consisted of 1,615 dialysis patients from 27 centers. We evaluated disability by using four questions on the activities of daily living (ADLs) concerning whether help was needed for feeding, dressing/undressing, getting in/out of bed, or taking a bath/shower. We divided the patients into three groups: no disability (Non-D, none of the four ADL domains required help; n=1,312), mild disability (Mild-D, one ADL domain required some/full help; n=163), or moderate to severe disability (MS-D, two or more ADL domains required some/full help; n=140). We evaluated falls, frailty, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), mortality, and hospitalization.
Results
The numbers of participants with a fall during the last 1 year were 199 (15.2%), 42 (25.8%), and 44 (31.4%) in the Non-D, Mild-D, and MS-D groups, respectively (p<0.001). The numbers of participants with frailty in the Non-D, Mild-D, and MS-D groups were 381 (29.0%), 84 (51.5%), and 93 (66.4%), respectively (p<0.001). In both univariate and multivariate analyses, the physical component scale and mental component scale scores decreased as the grade of disability increased (p<0.001 for both scores). Hospitalization-free survival rate at 500 days was 64.2%, 56.7%, and 51.1% in the Non-D, Mild-D, and MS-D, respectively (p=0.001 for trend). Patient survival rate at 500 days was 95.3%, 89.5%, and 92.3% in the Non-D, Mild-D, and MS-D, respectively (p=0.005 for trend).
Conclusion
Disability was associated with falls, frailty, HRQoL scales, and survival trends in Korean dialysis patients.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The predictive role of hope and social relational quality in disability acceptance among Iranian patients under hemodialysis
    Nilofar Pasyar, Mostafa Jowkar, Masoume Rambod
    BMC Nephrology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Sarcopenia and Its Association With Diabetes: A Meta-Analysis of Community-Dwelling Asian Population
    Seung Min Chung, Jun Sung Moon, Min Cheol Chang
    Frontiers in Medicine.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science