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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Il Hoe Kim 1 Article
The Relationship Between Body Composition and Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Women.
Jin Wook Chae, Il Hoe Kim, Woo Sung Kwon, Keun Mi Lee, Seung Pil Jung, Yong Moon
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2003;20(1):53-61.   Published online June 30, 2003
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2003.20.1.53
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Body weight is an important factor that influence the bone density in postmenopausal women except estrogen dificiency. However, different results are reported about the relationship between body composition and bone density in the postmenopausal women. We have studied the relationship between age, body weight, body mass index (BMI), waist hip ratio (WHR), muscle mass, fat mass, fat free mass and bone density. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have studied 127 persons of postmenopausal women who visited university medical center and examined the inbody 3.0 and Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) from Jan, 2001 to Jun, 2002. they didn't have any disease and didn't received hormone therapy, osteoporosis therapy or other medication that influence the bone density. RESULTS: The numbers of study subjects is total 127 persons. Mean age is 56.9+/-5.14, mean weight is 59.3+/-8.7 kg, mean BMI is 25.37+/-3.16 (kg/m2), mean fat mass is 20.02+/-5.05 kg, mean muscle mass is 37.49+/-4.50 kg, mean fat free mass is 39.80+/-4.70, mean BMD is 0.828+/-0.148 (g/cm2). In the result of linear regression analysis, age, height, weight, muscle mass, fat free mass, fat mass, BMI are significant determinants of BMD. In stepwise multiple regression analysis, age is the most significant determinant of BMD and besides age, fat free mass is the most significant determinant of BMD among body composition. CONCLUSION: In postmenopausal women, age, height, weight, BMI, muscle mass, fat free mass, fat mass are significant determinants of BMD and besides age, fat free mass is the most significant determinant of BMD among the body composition. So, diet and exercise that increase fat free mass will contribute to bone density increment.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Problems with Bone Health and the Influencing Factors of Bone Mineral Density in Women across the Life Cycle
    Nami Chun, Hyunju Chae
    Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing.2015; 21(1): 43.     CrossRef
  • Association between bone mineral density and remaining teeth in postmenopausal women
    Kyeong-Soo Lee, Chang-Suk Kim
    Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene.2014; 14(3): 319.     CrossRef
  • Association of Anthropometric and Biochemical Factors with Bone Mineral Density in Korean Adult Women Data from the Fourth (2008~2009) and Fifth (2010~2011) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES IV & V)
    Soon-Nam Choi, Kwang-Hyun Jho, Nam-Yong Chung
    Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association.2014; 20(3): 157.     CrossRef
  • A Study of Factors Influencing the Bone Mineral Density on Premenopausal Women: Using the 2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data
    Young-Mi Chun, Sun-Hee Lee
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2013; 14(12): 6246.     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated with Bone Mineral Density in Korean Postmenopausal Women Aged 50 Years and Above: Using 2008-2010 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Son-Ok Mun, Jihye Kim, Yoon Jung Yang
    Korean Journal of Community Nutrition.2013; 18(2): 177.     CrossRef

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science