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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Hyun Sun Park 1 Article
Empyema caused by Clostridium perfringens.
Hyun Sun Park, Chul Min Jung, Jang Won Choi, Yoonki Hong, Woo Jin Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2015;32(1):35-37.   Published online June 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2015.32.1.35
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Pleuropulmonary diseases caused by Clostridial species infections are rare, but have a mortality rate of up to 30%. Furthermore, older people are at greater risk of developing invasive clostridium infections, and the majority of reported cases of clostridium empyema have been attributed to iatrogenic trauma or aspiration. The authors report a case of spontaneous empyema caused by Clostridium perfringens. A 72-year-old woman was admitted to Kangwon National University Hospital for empyema. The patient had no history of trauma, a dental procedure, or aspiration, and was treated using empirical antibiotics and by drainage of pleural fluid. Bacteria species that cause empyema are usually not detected, but on the 4th day of admission, C. perfringens was isolated from the pleural space. The patient was continuously treated with antibiotics for C. perfringens and drainage, and was discharged 25 days after admission with almost a fully recovered status. Increased awareness of Clostrium species infection in the elderly is needed to ensure appropriate treatment.

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science