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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Hyou Youn Kim 1 Article
Apoptosis Induced by 4-HPR on Human Stomach Adenocarcinoma Cell Line SNU1
Hyou Youn Kim, Sang Woon Kim, Seong Yong Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2007;24(2 Suppl):S606-616.   Published online December 31, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2007.24.2S.S606
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose:Retinoids derived from vitamin A have diverse effects on development, morphogenesis, and homeostasis. They also have effects for prevention and treatment of cancers. In this study, the effect of N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) retinamide (4-HPR) on growth and/or proliferation of human gastric adenocarcinoma cell line SNU1 was investigated. Materials and Methods:The cytotoxic effect of 4-HPR was assessed by MTT assay. The apoptosis induced by 4-HPR was analyzed with cytoplasmic DNA Fragmentation, flow cytometry, and Western blot.
Results
:4-HPR induced cell death of SNU1. The cytoplasmic DNA fragmentation was increased time dependently after treatment of 4-HPR and the cells in the sub-G0/G1 fraction of flow cytometric analysis were also increased time dependently after treatment of 4-HPR. The cleavage of caspase 3 and PARP were detected after treatment of 4-HPR to SNU1. The phosphorylations of Raf, ERK and AKT were induced by 4-HPR but after pre-treatment of MAPK inhibitor (PD98059) or PI-3 kinase inhibitor (LY294002) the 4-HPR-induced cytoplasmic DNA fragmentation, the cells in the sub-G0/G1 fraction fraction of flow cytometric analysis, and cleavage of caspase 3 and PARP were diminished in SNU1 cells.
Conclusion
:The results show that 4-HPR induces apoptosis of SNU1 and this 4-HPRinduced apoptosis may be mediated through ERK1/2 and PI3 kinase signaling pathways in SNU1.

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science