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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Chang Eon Lee 2 Articles
A Case of Hemolytic Disease of a Newborn by an Anti-Di(a) Antibody Treated with Intravenous Immunoglobulin.
Chang Eon Lee, Su Jin Park, Won Duck Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2013;30(1):21-24.   Published online June 30, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2013.30.1.21
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Hemolytic disease in a newborn that causes early jaundice is common. It is often due to the Rh (D) and ABO incompatibility, but rarely due to unexpected antibodies. Among these unexpected antibodies, the anti-Di(a) antibody rarely occurs. The anti-Di(a) antibody was observed in the serum and red-cell eluate of an infant, and in the serum of his mother. The frequency of the appearance of the Di(a) antigen in the Korean population is estimated to be 6.4-14.5%. This paper reports a case of hemolytic disease in a newborn associated with the anti-Di(a) antibody. A full-term male infant was transferred to the authors' hospital due to hyperbilirubinemia the day after his birth. The laboratory data indicated a hemoglobin value of 11.6 g/dL, a reticulocyte count of 10.6%, a total bilirubin count of 14.4 mg/dL, a direct bilirubin count of 0.6 mg/dL, and a positive result in the direct Coombs' test. Due to the identification of an irregular antibody from the maternal serum, an anti-Di(a) antibody was detected, which was also found in the eluate made from the infant's blood. The infant had been treated with phototherapy and intravenous immunoglobulin since the second day after his birth and was discharged due to an improved condition without exchange transfusion. Therefore, in cases of iso-immune hemolytic disease in a newborn within 24 hours from birth who had a negative result in an antibody screening test, the conduct of an anti-Di(a) antibody identification test is recommended due to the suspicion of an anti-Di(a) antigen, followed by early administration of intravenous immunoglobulin.
Presumptive Diagnosis of Mycoplasma pneumoniae Pneumonia in Children.
Chang Eon Lee, Su Jin Park, Won Duck Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2012;29(2):89-95.   Published online December 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2012.29.2.89
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
As Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia has increased in Korea, its relevance to infants, toddlers, and adolescents has magnified as well as. However, it is difficult to perform the serological test and PCR test routinely for diagnosis in actual clinical practice. Thus, the authors conducted this study to help clinicians do presumptive diagnosis of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia using clinical, radiological, and hematological findings. METHODS: The study population consisted of 224 children between 1 month and 14 years old, hospitalized for radiographically confirmed pneumonia. Patients were divided into two groups of 100 children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia, as diagnosed using the ELISA method. Groups with negative result in Mycoplasma IgM antibody test were classified into the viral group (98 patients with respiratory virus) and the bacterial group (46 patients with the bacteria detected in the blood sputum culture or antibiotic treatment except macrolide improved the patient's condition). These groups were compared and analyzed using clinical, hematological,and radiographic differences and scoring system. RESULTS: Clinical, hematological, and radiographic characteristics of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia have shown the intermediate level results between bacterial pneumonia and viral pneumonia. In terms of scoring system, the mean score of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia was 4.23, which was the intermediate level between bacterial pneumonia (mean score=6.67) and viral pneumonia (mean score=1.48). CONCLUSION: Results suggest that the combination of the scoring system information can increase the accuracy in the diagnosis even if they may have difficulties on diagnosis, because clinical manifestations, hematological, and radiographic findings are nonspecific.

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science