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J Yeungnam Med Sci > Volume 18(1); 2001 > Article
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine 2001;18(1):1-12.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2001.18.1.1    Published online June 30, 2001.
Current Status of Liver Transplantation.
Hong Jin Kim
Department of Surgery College of Medicine, Yeungnam University Daegu, Korea.
Abstract
Liver transplantation is widely accepted as an effective therapeutic modality for a variety of irreversible acute and chronic liver disease for which no satisfactory therapy is available. Following the first unsuccessful efforts at human liver transportation in 1963, development of the procedure evolved at first slowly and steadily for 20 years and then rapidly over the past two decades. The growth of liver transplantation was facilitated by the conclusion of the national institutes of health consensus development conference in 1983 that liver transplantation is not an experimental procedure but an effective therapy that deserves broader application. The number of liver transplantations increased 2.4-fold(from 1.713 to 4.058) from 1988 to 1996, but the number of patients on the UNOS(united network of organ sharing) liver list increased 12.1-fold(from 616 to 7,467); as would be expected, the number deaths of listed patients increased 4.9-fold(from 195 to 954). The current supply of donor livers is insufficient to meet this need, and organ donation has been stagnant or increased by only a few percent in recent years. These facts underscore the importance of the appropriate selection of candidates for liver transplantation and the development of operative procedure, such as living donor liver transplant. split liver transplant and auxiliary partial liver transplant.
Key Words: Liver transplantation


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