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J Yeungnam Med Sci > Volume 18(1); 2001 > Article
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine 2001;18(1):59-66.
DOI:    Published online June 30, 2001.
Anterior Vaginal Wall Sling for Female Stress Urinary Incontinence.
Hong Seok Shin, Jin Wook Yoo, Hee Chang Jung, Tong Choon Park
Department of Urology College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea.
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of the anterior vaginal wall sling in the management of women with stress urinary incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 1998 to December1999, 42 patients(31 with genuine stress urinary incontinence and 11 with mixed urinary incontinence, 38 with anatomical incontinence and 4 with intrinsic sphincteric deficiency) underwent anterior vaginal wall sling at Yeungnam University Hospital were studied retrospectively. The mean age was 49.3 years(ranging from 34 to 66 years of age) and the mean follow-up period was 29.4 months(ranging from 16 to 40 months). Intra- and postoperative complication, success rate and patient's satisfaction were evaluated. RESULTS: The mean operation time was 79 minutes(ranging from 65 to 124 minutes) and the mean hospital stay was 5.1 days(ranging from 4 to 10 days). Mean postoperative Foley catheter drainage was 2.1 days(ranging from 1 to 5 days). As a complication, bladder perforation occurred in one patient(2.4%), residual urine sensation developed in seven patients(16.7%). and suprapubic pain was complained in five patients(11.9%). which improved gradually. Vaginal epithelial inclusion cyst occurred in one patient(2.4%) at postoperative 31 months. Four(9.4%) patients with de novo instablility were improved by anticholinergics medication. The success rate was 92.9% and 38 patients(90.5%) were satisfied with this procedure. CONCLUSION: We consider that the anterior vaginal wall sling to be a safe and effective surgical procedure for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence. but a longer follow-up is necessary to determine long term effect.
Key Words: Stress urinary incontinence, Anterior vaginal wall sling
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