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J Yeungnam Med Sci > Volume 18(1); 2001 > Article
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine 2001;18(1):75-84.
DOI:    Published online June 30, 2001.
Foreign Body in the Gastrointestinal Tract in Children.
Bo Hyeong Lee, Hyun Kyung Lee, Mi Jung Kim, Kwang Hae Choi
Department of Pediatrics College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea.
BACKGROUND: The accidental swallowing of foreign body is a common problem in the children. Ingested foreign bodies may be managed by endoscopy, observation, or surgery. So we analyzed the methods of removal, type, location and complications of foreign bodies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This report reviewed 37 cases of ingested foreign body in the gastrointestinal tract at the Department of Pediatrics, Yeungnam University Hospital between January 1997 and April 2001. RESULTS: The age ranged from 8 months to 8 years. The most prevalent age group was between 1 year and 2 years of age(19%). The male to female ratio was 2.1:1 with 25 male and 12 female patients. The type of foreign bodies were coins in 20 cases(54%), nail in 4 cases(11%), key in 4 cases(11%), pin in 2 cases(5.5%), necklace in 2 cases(5.5%) and others. The locations of foreign bodies were upper esophagus in 12 cases(32.5%), lower esophagus in 4 cases(10.8%), stomach in 16 cases(43.2%), small bowel in 5 cases(13.5%). 4. Presenting symptoms were variable with asymptomatic (59. 4%) , vomiting (19. 0%) , epigastric pain (8.1%), dysphagia (5. 4%) and others. The methods for removal of foreign bodies included 20 cases of endoscopic removal(54.0%), 3 cases of spontaneous removal(8.1%) and there was no surgical removal. 14 cases(37.9%) did not confirmed removal of foreign body because of no revisit of our hospital. Endoscopic finding of patients were normal(15 cases), ulceration(2 cases), erosion(1 case), inflammation(l case), mucosal scratch(l case). CONCLUSION: It appears that the endoscopic approach is the preferable method for the removal of upper gastrointestinal foreign bodies in the children.
Key Words: Foreign body, Gastrointestinal tract, Endoscopy


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