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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Original article
The clinical outcomes of second-line chemotherapy in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer: a retrospective study
Hyun yeb Jung, Eun Mi Lee
J Yeungnam Med Sci. 2022;39(2):124-132.   Published online October 19, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2021.01347
  • 4,522 View
  • 95 Download
  • 2 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
Despite recent advances in first-line chemotherapy for advanced pancreatic cancer, standard treatment after the failure of initial chemotherapy has not been established. Hence, we aimed to retrospectively analyze the clinical characteristics and outcomes of second-line chemotherapy in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer.
Methods
We reviewed the clinical data of patients with advanced pancreatic cancer who underwent palliative chemotherapy at Kosin University Gospel Hospital between January 2013 and October 2020.
Results
Among 366 patients with advanced pancreatic cancer who had received palliative chemotherapy, 104 (28.4%) underwent at least one cycle of second-line chemotherapy. The median age of the patients at the time of initiating second-line treatment was 62 years (interquartile range, 57–62 years), and 58.7% (61 patients) of them were male. The common second-line chemotherapy regimens were 5-fluorouracil (FU) plus leucovorin, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin (33 patients, 31.7%); gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel (29, 27.9%), gemcitabine±erlotinib (13, 12.5%); and oxaliplatin and 5-FU/leucovorin (12, 11.5%). The median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival were 6.4 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 4.5–8.6 months) and 4.5 months (95% CI, 2.7–6.3 months), respectively. In a multivariate analysis, poor performance status (PS) (hazard ratio [HR], 2.247; p=0.021), metastatic disease (HR, 2.745; p=0.011), and elevated carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels (HR, 1.939; p=0.030) at the beginning of second-line chemotherapy were associated with poor OS.
Conclusion
The survival outcome of second-line chemotherapy for advanced pancreatic cancer remains poor. However, PS, disease extent (locally advanced or metastatic), and CEA level may help determine patients who could benefit from second-line treatment.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Efficacy and tolerance of LV5FU2-carboplatin chemotherapy in patients with advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma after failure of standard regimens
    Thomas Chaigneau, Lina Aguilera Munoz, Caroline Oger, Clémence Gourdeau, Olivia Hentic, Lucie Laurent, Nelly Muller, Marco Dioguardi Burgio, Marie-Pauline Gagaille, Philippe Lévy, Vinciane Rebours, Pascal Hammel, Louis de Mestier
    Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology.2023; 15: 175883592311637.     CrossRef
  • Real-Life Results of Palliative Chemotherapy in Metastatic Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma
    Bianca Varzaru, Razvan A. Iacob, Adina E. Croitoru, Speranta M. Iacob, Cristina E. Radu, Stefania M. Dumitrescu, Cristian Gheorghe
    Cancers.2023; 15(13): 3500.     CrossRef
Original Article
Significance of serum total bilirubin as a prognostic factor for hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis in childhood.
Hea Kyoung Yang, Gui Joung Song, So Eun Jun
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2014;31(2):75-81.   Published online December 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2014.31.2.75
  • 1,895 View
  • 10 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening disease. Despite of proper treatment and improving treatment regimens, HLH patients still show a fatal prognosis. Therefore the evaluation of prognostic factor is important and there are many studies about hyperbilirubinemia as a prognostic factor in HLH. So we studied the prognostic value of hyperbilirubinemia in HLH children. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed about 33 patients who were diagnosed with HLH at Pusan National University Hospital and Yangsan Pusan University Hospital between January 2000 to December 2012. We reviewed the clinical characteristics, laboratory findings, and results of treatment to identify hyperbilirubinemia as a prognostic factor in HLH patients. RESULTS: The median age of patients at diagnosis was 32 months. Most of patients presented with fever, pale appearance, abdominal pain and jaundice. Forty-eight point five percentage of patients showed normal serum bilirubiln level (<2.0 mg/dL) and 51.5% showed hyperbilirubinemia (> or =2.0 mg/dL). In normal serum bilirubin group, 1 patient (6.3%) was relapsed and 1 patient (5.9%) was relapsed in hyperbilirubinemia group. In the hyperbilirubinemia group, the mortality was higher than the normal bilirubin group but, there was no statistical significance. CONCLUSION: As a prognostic factor serum bilirubin at diagnosis in HLH patients, there was no significant correlation between hyperbilirubinemia and poor outcome. But, our study has a limitation that the number of patients is too small and almost showed good prognosis.

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science