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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Volume 27(1); June 2010
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Reviews
The Cytokines: An Overview.
Hee Sun Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2010;27(1):1-7.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2010.27.1.1
  • 1,817 View
  • 19 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Having an understanding of the properties of cytokines is essential for the immunologist, the researcher and the medical practitioner who need to understand immunologic diseases and immunological therapeutic approaches. Cytokines are redundant in their actions on target cells and promiscuous in their receptor reactions. (ED note: That is some cool use of English!) Moreover, many cells concomitantly produce several cytokines that have overlapping actions. Here this review provides conceptual framework to understand the intriguing aspects of the cytokine system.

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  • Modulatory Effects of Herbal Medicines Extracts on Cytokine Release in Immune Response of RAW 264.7 and TK-1
    Su-kyoung Bae, Se-hee Cho, Tae-kyu Ahn, Jee-in Kim, Bong-hyun Kim, Jae-hwan Lim
    The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine.2018; 39(6): 1244.     CrossRef
  • Anti-inflammatory Effect of Angelicae acutilobae Radix Water Extract on LPS-stimulated Mouse Macrophages
    Hyo-Sang Han
    The Korea Journal of Herbology.2013; 28(6): 129.     CrossRef
Interpretation of Antimicrobial Susceptibility Test According to Resistance Mechanism of beta-lactam in Enterobacteriacae.
Chae Hoon Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2010;27(1):8-17.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2010.27.1.8
  • 1,509 View
  • 8 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
It is important to select appropriate antimicrobials for the treatment of infection according to the results of antimicrobial susceptibility tests (ASTs), yet the clinical isolates are sometimes susceptible to antibiotics that are clinically ineffective or this is due to technical error of the ASTs. So, interpretive reading of ASTs is needed and especially for the beta-lactams for treating Enterobacteriacae. This review describes the interpretive reading of ASTs according to natural antimicrobial resistance and the mechanisms of mechanisms, with giving special attention to the antibiotics phenotypes for Enterobacteriacae. Further, as all the diffent tissues have a different antimicrobial concentration for identical antimicrobials, more information is needed on the antimicrobial tissue distribution for the appropriate treatment of infection. (ED note: I hope you send me the paper.)
Original Articles
Experience for S-OIV of Admission Pediatric Patient with S-OIV at YUMC, 2009.
Myong Soon Sung, Kwang Hae Choi
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2010;27(1):18-26.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2010.27.1.18
  • 1,681 View
  • 2 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
The clinical picture in severe cases of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza is markedly different from the disease pattern seen during the epidemics of seasonal influenza as many of those affected were previously healthy young people. Current predictions estimate that during a pandemic wave, 12~30% of the population will develop clinical influenza (compared with 5~15% for seasonal influenza) with 4% of those patients requiring hospital admissions and one in five requiring critical care. Until July 6, 94,512 people have been infected in 122 countries, of whom 429 have died with an overall case-fatality rate of <0.5%. Most of the confirmed cases of S-OIV (Swine- Origin Influenza A Virus) infection have been characterized by a self-limited, uncomplicated febrile respiratory illness and 38% of the cases have also included vomiting or diarrhea. Efforts to control these outbreaks are based on our understanding of novel S-OIV (Swine-Origin Influenza A Virus) and the previous influenza pandemics. So, this review covers the experience with S-OIV (Swine-Origin Influenza A Virus) for the admission and background data and the clinical presentation, diagnosis and treatment of H1N1 in pediatric patient with S-OIV (Swine-Origin Influenza A Virus) at YUMC, 2009.

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  • Изучение биоморфологических и технологических особенностей генотипов в популяции сорта винограда Хиндогны
    Вугар Сулейман Салимов, Мовлуд Арастун Гусейнов, Афет Сабир Гусейнова, Хикмет Насир Насибов, Вусала Низам Шукурова, Турана Гошгар Гусейнова, Эльшан Гуммат Джафаргулиев, Нурия Яшар Гусейнзаде
    АПК России.2023; 30(1): 26.     CrossRef
Manifestation of Cognitive Function in Geriatric Patient with Subjective Memory Complaint.
Han Kyul Park, Jin Sung Kim, Jong Bum Lee, Wan Seok Seo, Bon Hoon Koo, Dai Seg Bai
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2010;27(1):27-36.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2010.27.1.27
  • 1,869 View
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  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to find out cognitive function of the patients with subjective memory complaint. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From March 1st 2005 to May 31st 2009, 155 normal individuals without any medical illness who visited Yeungnam University Hospital to undergo medical checkup with neurocognitive test was enrolled, and checked by using Cognitive Assessment & Reference Diagnostic System. RESULTS: 107 of the patients had normal cognitive function, 21 patients (about 15%) were diagnosed with dementia, and 10 patients (about 7%) were diagnosed with considerable psychiatric illness, such as depression, anxiety disorder, adjustment disorder. CONCLUSION: Because the patients with subjective memory complaint can be diagnosed as any psychiatric illness as well as dementia, sensitive screening test and early psychiatric approach is needed.

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  • Effects of a Cognition Activation Program for the Institutionalized Old-Old in Korea
    Hung Sa Lee, Dohyun Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2013; 24(4): 427.     CrossRef
Case Reports
A Case of Severe Hypoglycemic Encephalopathy with Extensive Brain Lesions in Non-diabetics and Alcoholism.
Chang Hun Bin, Min Su Park, Se Jin Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2010;27(1):37-41.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2010.27.1.37
  • 1,814 View
  • 12 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Hypoglycemic encephalopathy is a rare problem among diabetic patients who are receiving treatment with insulin or other glucose-lowering drugs. The MRIs of patients with hypoglycemic encephalopathy commonly show scattered lesions in the cerebral cortex, hippocampus and basal ganglia, but lesions in the cerebellum or brain stem are extremely rare. A 44-year-old alcoholic woman without diabetes was admitted with a semicomatose mentality and seizure with severe hypoglycemic encephalopathy with extensive brain lesions seen on MRI at the middle cerebellar peduncle and midbrain, as well as in the other brain areas.

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  • Consideration of Prognostic Factors in Hypoglycemic Encephalopathy
    Ik-Kwon Seo, Woo-Ik Choi, Sang-Chan Jin, Hyuk-Won Chang
    Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2012; 27(4): 209.     CrossRef
Eosinophilic Myositis Induced by Anti-tuberculosis Medication.
Hyun Jung Kim, Jung Eun Park, Yeong Ha Ryu, Dae Hyung Woo, Kyeong Cheol Shin, Jin Hong Chung, Kwan Ho Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2010;27(1):42-46.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2010.27.1.42
  • 1,853 View
  • 3 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Eosinophilic myositis is a rare idiopathic inflammatory muscle disease, and the patients with this malady present with diverse signs and symptoms such as muscle swelling, tenderness, pain, weakness, cutaneous lesions and eosinophilia. The etiology and pathogenesis of eosinophilic myositis remain elusive. Several drugs may occasionally initiate an immune mediated inflammatory myopathy, including eosinophilic myositis. We report here on a case a 17-year-old female patient who had taken anti-tuberculosis medicine for tuberculosis pleurisy. She presented with many clinical manifestations, including fever, skin rash, proximal muscle weakness, dyspnea, dysphagia and hypereosinophilia. She was diagnosed with eosinophilic myositis by the pathologic study. The muscle weakness progressed despite of stopping the anti-tuberculosis medicine, but the myositis promptly improved following the administration of glucocorticoid. Although drug induced myopathies may be uncommon, if a patient presents with muscular symptoms, then physicians have to consider the possibility of drug induced myopathies.
Anesthetic Management of a Patient with Alexander's Disease: Case Report.
Bum Soo Kim, Dae Lim Jee, Sun Ok Song
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2010;27(1):47-51.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2010.27.1.47
  • 1,707 View
  • 44 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
We present here the case of a 13-year-old male patient with Alexander's disease who underwent surgical correction of a femur fracture. Alexander's disease is a rare and fatal disorder that affects the white matter in the brain and it causes developmental delay, psychomotor regression, spasticity, megaloencephaly and seizure. The patient had the possibility of a seizure attack during the perioperative period. We discuss the anesthetic management of a patient with Alexander's disease and we review the relevant literature.
Anesthesia for Cesarean Section in a Parturient with Dilated Cardiomyopathy: A Case Report.
Sae Yeon Kim, Su Jeong Heo, Sun Ok Song
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2010;27(1):52-56.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2010.27.1.52
  • 1,651 View
  • 14 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Idiopathic peripartum cardiomyopathy is an uncommon malady disease. Making the diagnosis is often difficult and it is always necessary to exclude other prior heart disease and other causes of left ventricular dysfunction in pregnant women. Heart failure in these women ensues when the cardiovascular demands of normal pregnancy are further amplified when the common complications of pregnancy complications superimposed upon these underlying conditions that cause compensated ventricular hypertrophy. This may be aggravated by making a late diagnosis and providing inappropriate treatment. We experienced a 38-year-primigravida who has diagnosed with idiopathic peripartum cardiomyopathy and underwent elective cesarean section with general anesthesia.
A Case of Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis.
Dae Hyung Woo, Jung Eun Park, Yung Ha Ryu, Hyun Jung Kim, Kyeong Cheol Shin, Jin Hong Chung, Kwan Ho Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2010;27(1):57-62.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2010.27.1.57
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare disorder that's characterized by accumulation of surfactant components in the alveolar space. Idiopathic PAP is recognized as an autoimmune disease that's due to impaired alveolar macrophage function and this caused by autoantibodies against granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). We report here a case of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis that was deemed interstitial lung disease at the initial diagnosis. A 61-year-old man presented with intermittent blood tinged sputum and dyspnea on exertion. The man was a painter for 30 years and he had a 10 pack-years smoking history. Chest computerized tomography (CT) revealed multifocal ground-glass opacity with interstitial thickening at both lungs. His pulmonary function tests and methacholine test revealed non specific results. He was diagnosed with interstitial lung disease on the basis of the chest CT finding and occupational history. However, seven months later, his symptoms progressed. Follow-up chest CT was performed. Wedge resection via video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (the anterior basal segment of the left lower lobe) was done. Microscopic examination showed large groups of alveoli with excessive amounts of surfactant and a complex mixture of protein and lipid (fat) molecules. Finally, he was diagnosed as having pulmonary alveolar proteinosis.

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  • Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis in a 15-year-old girl
    Yechan Kyung, Jihyun Kim, Hong Kwan Kim, Joungho Han, Kangmo Ahn
    Allergy, Asthma & Respiratory Disease.2015; 3(1): 86.     CrossRef
A Case of Lymphangioleiomyomatosis in Lung.
Jung Eun Park, Hyun Jung Kim, Dae Hyung Woo, Yung Ha Ryu, Kwan Ho Lee, Jin Hong Chung, Kyeong Cheol Shin
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2010;27(1):63-68.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2010.27.1.63
  • 1,648 View
  • 3 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare, cystic lung disease that is associated with mutation in the tuberous sclerosis genes, renal angiomyolipomas, lymphatic spread and a remarkable female gender predilection. The pathology of LAM is represented by the proliferation of immature smooth muscle cells in the walls of airways, and venules and lymphatic vessels in the lung. The clinical course of LAM is characterized by progressive dyspnea on exertion, recurrent pneumothorax and collections of chylous fluid. The diagnosis of pulmonary LAM can be made on chest X-ray, a high-resolution CT scan and lung biopsy. We experienced a case of pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis in a 28-years-old female patient who had suffered from progressive dyspnea on exertion, so we report on it along with a brief review of the relevant literature.
A Case of Paragonimiasis Suspected Lung Cancer.
Yeong Ha Ryu, Dae Hyung Woo, Jung Eun Park, Hyun Jung Kim, Kyeong Cheol Shin, Jin Hong Chung, Kwan Ho Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2010;27(1):69-73.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2010.27.1.69
  • 1,905 View
  • 5 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
A paragonimiasis infestation is caused by the paragonimus species. Paragonimiasis mainly occurs by ingestion of raw or undercooked freshwater crabs or crayfish. In our country, the prevalence of paragonimiasis was high until late 1960s due to eating habits, but after the 1970s the prevalence of the disease has markedly decreased and now the disease is rarely seen. The diagnosis of tuberculosis by Chest X-ray is often confused with pulmonary carcinoma, bacillary and parasitic infections, and chronic mycosis. Pulmonary paragonimiasis must be considered in the differential diagnosis of lung cancer especially in the appropriate clinical setting because effective treatment with praziquantel can be rewarding. We report a case of a 58-year-old woman with pulmonary paragonimiasis that was suspicious for lung cancer, as detected by biopsy.

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  • A Case of Delayed Diagnosis of Pulmonary Paragonimiasis due to Improvement after Anti-tuberculosis Therapy
    Suhyeon Lee, Yeonsil Yu, Jinyoung An, Jeongmin Lee, Jin-Sung Son, Young Kyung Lee, Sookhee Song, Hyeok Kim, Suhyun Kim
    Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases.2014; 77(4): 178.     CrossRef
A Case of Idiopathic Isolated Hypoglossal Nerve Palsy.
Doo Hyun Kim, Se Jin Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2010;27(1):74-77.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2010.27.1.74
  • 1,899 View
  • 1 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Isolated hypoglossal nerve palsy is a rare clinical condition and it causes deviation of the tongue and dysarthria. A 50-year-old female presented with tongue deviation to the left and mild dysarthria. She had no remarkable past medical history except several recent upper respiratory infections. On examination, the other cranial nerves were intact and she had no focal neurological signs. The findings of MRI and MR angiography were normal. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis revealed only mild elevation of protein. We diagnosed her as suffering with idiopathic isolated hypoglossal nerver palsy and we administered steroid therapy. The dysarthria was improved, but the tongue deviation still remained at 50 days after onset. We report here on a rare case of idiopathic isolated hypoglossal nerve palsy.

Citations

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  • Idiopathic Ninth, Tenth, and Twelfth Cranial Nerve Palsy with Ipsilateral Headache: A Case Report
    Seung-Ho Sun
    Journal of Pharmacopuncture.2012; 15(4): 66.     CrossRef
A Case of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Misdiagnosed as Adult-onset Still's Disease.
Myung Jin Oh, Hyun Je Kim, Han Sol Lee, Ji An Hur, Young Hoon Hong, Choong Ki Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2010;27(1):78-84.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2010.27.1.78
  • 2,093 View
  • 27 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is an inflammatory disorder that's characterized by daily, spiking high fever, arthritis and an evanescent, salmon-pink rash. AOSD is diagnosed purely on the basis of the typical clinical features of the illness. The symptoms commonly include swelling of the lymph nodes, enlargement of the spleen and liver, and a sore throat. AOSD is difficult to differentiate from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) due to the similar clinical manifestations. We report here on a case of a 16-year-old female patient with autism and epilepsy and who complained of daily spiking fever for 20 days. The patient had maculopapular skin rashes on the face and whole body and lymphadenopathy. The liver function tests were elevated mildly. The initial rheumatoid factor (RF) and antinuclear antibody (ANA) tests were negative. We diagnosed her as having adult-onset Still's disease according to the criteria of Yamaguchi. We successfully treated her with oral prednisolone. But her antinuclear antibody test was changed to positive after discharge. So we finally diagnosed her as having SLE.
A Case of Giant Pyogenic Granuloma on the Palm.
Jeung Young Park, Young Sik Kim, Mi Hye Kim, Dong Hoon Shin, Jong Soo Choi, Ki Hong Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2010;27(1):85-90.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2010.27.1.85
  • 1,787 View
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Pyogenic granuloma is one of the common benign vascular tumors of infants and children and it can also occur in adults. There are 25 reports of patients with pyogenic granuloma in the Korean medical literature. In three reports, giant pyogenic granuloma developed over 2 cm in size (1.3 x 0.7 cm, 1.2 x 0.8 cm and 1.1 x 0.7 cm, respectively). There have been no reports in the Korean medical literature of pyogenic granuloma over 2 cm in size. Herein, we report on a giant pyogenic granuloma on the palm of a 72-year old female. The lesion was of an unusually large size of 2.8 x 2.5 x 1.3 cm and we excised it by performing electrosurgery.

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science