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Volume 18(1); June 2001
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Reviews
Current Status of Liver Transplantation.
Hong Jin Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2001;18(1):1-12.   Published online June 30, 2001
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2001.18.1.1
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Liver transplantation is widely accepted as an effective therapeutic modality for a variety of irreversible acute and chronic liver disease for which no satisfactory therapy is available. Following the first unsuccessful efforts at human liver transportation in 1963, development of the procedure evolved at first slowly and steadily for 20 years and then rapidly over the past two decades. The growth of liver transplantation was facilitated by the conclusion of the national institutes of health consensus development conference in 1983 that liver transplantation is not an experimental procedure but an effective therapy that deserves broader application. The number of liver transplantations increased 2.4-fold(from 1.713 to 4.058) from 1988 to 1996, but the number of patients on the UNOS(united network of organ sharing) liver list increased 12.1-fold(from 616 to 7,467); as would be expected, the number deaths of listed patients increased 4.9-fold(from 195 to 954). The current supply of donor livers is insufficient to meet this need, and organ donation has been stagnant or increased by only a few percent in recent years. These facts underscore the importance of the appropriate selection of candidates for liver transplantation and the development of operative procedure, such as living donor liver transplant. split liver transplant and auxiliary partial liver transplant.
Tests for Acute Coronary Syndrome.
Kyung Dong Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2001;18(1):13-29.   Published online June 30, 2001
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2001.18.1.13
  • 1,640 View
  • 6 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
The enzyme activities of creatine kinase(CK), its isoenzyme MB(CK-MB) and of lactate dehydrogenase isoenzyme 1(LD-1) have been used for years in diagnosing patients with chest pain in order to differentiate patients with acute myocardial infarction(AMI) from non-AMI patients. These methods are easy to perform as automated analyses, but they are not specific for cardiac muscle damage. During the early 90's the situation changed. First, creatine kinase MB mass(CK-MB mass) replaced the measurement of CK-MB activity. Subsequently cardiac-specific proteins, troponin T(cTnT) and troponin I(cTnI) appeared and displacing LS-1 analysis. However troponin concentration in blood increase only from four to six hours after onset of chest pain. Therefore a rapid marker such as myoglobin, fatty acid binding protein or glycogen phosphorylase BB could be used in early diagnosis of AMI. On the other hand, CK-MB isoforms alone may also be useful in rapid diagnosis of cardiac muscle damage. Myoglobin, CK-MB mass, cTnT and cTnI are nowadays wisely used in diagnosing patients with acute chest pain. Myoglobin is not cardiac-specific and therefore requires supplementation with some other analysis such as troponins to support the myoglobin value. Troponins are very highly cardiac-specific. Only the sera of some patients with severe renal failure, which requires hemodialysis, have elevated cTnT and/or cTnI without there being any evidence of cardiac damage. The latest studies have shown that elevated troponin levels in sera of hemodialysis patients point to an increased risk of future cardiac events in a similar manner to the elevated troponin values in sera of patiets with unstable angina pectoris. In addition, the bedside tests for cTnT and cTnI alone or together with myoglobin and CK-MB mass can be used instead of quantitative analyses in the diagnosis of patients with chest pain. These rapid tests are easy to perform and they do not require expensive instrumentation. For the diagnosis patients with chest pain, routinely myoglobin and CK-MB mass measurements should be performed whenever they are requested (24 h/day) and cTnT and cTnI on admission to the hospital and then 4-6 and 12 hours later and maintained less than 10% imprecision.

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  • The Usefulness of Rapid Triple Test for Cardiac Marker in Forensic Paragnosis of Sudden Cardiac Death
    Chae-Won Lim, Jin-Gak Kim
    The Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science.2017; 49(2): 108.     CrossRef
Original Articles
Evaluation of Treatment Response Using Diffusion-Weighted MRI in Metastatic Spines.
Jang Jin Lee, Sei One Shin
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2001;18(1):30-38.   Published online June 30, 2001
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2001.18.1.30
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The purpose of this study was to evaluated the usefulness of diffusion-weighted magnatic resonance imaging for monitoring the response to radiation therapy in metastatic bone marrow of the spines. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Twenty-one patients with metastatic bone marrow of the spine were examined with MRI. Diffusion-weighted and spin-echo MRI were performed in 10 patients before and after radiation therapy with or without systematic chemotherapy, and performed in 11 patiemts after radiation therapy alone. Follow up spin-echo and diffusion-weighted MRI were obtained at 1 to 6 months after radiation therapy according to patients' condition. The diffusion-weighted imaging sequence was based on reversed fast imaging with steady-state precession(PSIF). Signal intensity changes of the metastatic bone marrows before and after radiation therapy on conventional spin-echo sequence MRI and diffusion-weighted MRI were evaluated. Bone marrow contrast ratios and signal-to-noise ratio before and after radiation therapy of diffusion-weighted MRI were analyzed. RESULTS: All metastatic bone marrow of the spinal bodies were hyperintense to normal bone marrow of the spinal bodies on pretreatment diffusion-weighted MRI and positive bone marrow contrast ratio(p<0.001). and hypointense to normal spinal bodies on posttreatment diffusion-weighted MRI and negative bone marrow contrast ratio(p<0.001). The signal to noise ratio after treatment decreased comparing with those of pretreatment. Decreased signal intensity of the metastatic bone marrows on diffusion-weighted MRI began to be observed at average more than one month after the initiation of the radiation therapy. CONCLUSION: tThese results suggest that diffusion-weighted MRI would be an excellent method for monitoring the response to therapy of metastatic bone marrow of the spinal bodies. However, must be investigated in a larger series of patients with longer follow up period.
Development of Data Acquisition System for Quantification of Autonomic Nervous System Activity and It's Clinic Use.
Dong Gu Shin, Jong Sun Park, Young Jo Kim, Bong Sup Shim, Sang Hak Lee, Jun Ha Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2001;18(1):39-50.   Published online June 30, 2001
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2001.18.1.39
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Power spectrum analysis method is a powerful noninvasive tool for quantifying autonomic nervous system activity. In this paper, we developed a data acquistion system for estimating the activity of the autonomic nervous system by the analysis of heart rate and respiratory rate variability using power spectrum analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For the detection of QRS peak and measurement of respiratory rate from patient's ECG, we used low-pass filter and impedence method respectively. This system adopt an isolated power for patient's safety. In this system, two output signnals can be obtained: R-R interval(heart rate) and respiration rate time series. Experimental ranges are 30-240 BPM for ECG and 15-80 BPM for respiration. RESULTS: The system can acquire two signals accurately both in the experimental test using simulator and in real clinical setting. CONCLUSION: The system developed in this paper if efficient for the acquisition of heart rate and respiration signals. The system will play a role in research area for improving our understanding of the pathophysiologic involvement of the autonomic nervous system in various disease states.
Clinical Features of Cholestatic Hepatitis.
Sun Taek Choi, Jong Ryul Eun, Song Woo Lim, Bong Jun Kim, Heoon Ju Lee, Mi Jin Gu, Joon Hyuk Choi
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2001;18(1):51-58.   Published online June 30, 2001
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2001.18.1.51
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Cholestatic hepatitis is failure of bile to reach the duodenum with hepatocellular damage and no demonstable obstruction of the major bile ducts. The prognosis of usually good with recovery in less than 4 weeks after withdrawal of the offending drug. However, a prolonged causes of Chronic liver disease is needed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 1991 through January 2000, 14 patients diagnosed as cholestatic hepatitis by liver biopsy were included. The possible causative drug, clinical features, laboatory findings, and progression of cholestatic hepatitis were evaluated. The semiquantitative study of liver lesions was performed by two independent observers. RESULTS: Causes of cholestatic hepatitis are 5 cases of oriental medicine, 3 cases of anti-tuberculosis medication, 1 case of ticlopidine and antibiotics and 4 cases of unknown causes. The clinical features of cholestatic hepatitis were jaundice, itching, urine color change, and general weakness. During 6 to 50 months, LFT of 5 patients showed prolonged elevation. Elevated total cholesterol > or =250 mg/dL in 6 patients, pheripheral blood eosinophilia in 5 patients, auto-antibody positive in 6 patients were observed respectively. The biopsies showed intralobular bilirubinostasis with a mixed portal inflammatory infiltration. CONCLUSION: In chlestatic hepatitis, durations of abnormal LET are variable regardless of causative drugs. If chlestatic hepatitis progresses toward chronic course, viral hepatitis, primary biliary cirrhosis, and autoimmune hepatitis should be differentially diagnosed and sequential liver biopsies are needed.
Anterior Vaginal Wall Sling for Female Stress Urinary Incontinence.
Hong Seok Shin, Jin Wook Yoo, Hee Chang Jung, Tong Choon Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2001;18(1):59-66.   Published online June 30, 2001
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2001.18.1.59
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of the anterior vaginal wall sling in the management of women with stress urinary incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 1998 to December1999, 42 patients(31 with genuine stress urinary incontinence and 11 with mixed urinary incontinence, 38 with anatomical incontinence and 4 with intrinsic sphincteric deficiency) underwent anterior vaginal wall sling at Yeungnam University Hospital were studied retrospectively. The mean age was 49.3 years(ranging from 34 to 66 years of age) and the mean follow-up period was 29.4 months(ranging from 16 to 40 months). Intra- and postoperative complication, success rate and patient's satisfaction were evaluated. RESULTS: The mean operation time was 79 minutes(ranging from 65 to 124 minutes) and the mean hospital stay was 5.1 days(ranging from 4 to 10 days). Mean postoperative Foley catheter drainage was 2.1 days(ranging from 1 to 5 days). As a complication, bladder perforation occurred in one patient(2.4%), residual urine sensation developed in seven patients(16.7%). and suprapubic pain was complained in five patients(11.9%). which improved gradually. Vaginal epithelial inclusion cyst occurred in one patient(2.4%) at postoperative 31 months. Four(9.4%) patients with de novo instablility were improved by anticholinergics medication. The success rate was 92.9% and 38 patients(90.5%) were satisfied with this procedure. CONCLUSION: We consider that the anterior vaginal wall sling to be a safe and effective surgical procedure for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence. but a longer follow-up is necessary to determine long term effect.
Lateral Femoral Cutaneous Nerve SomatosensoryEvoked Potential Study in Normal Adults.
Seung Sik Moon, Mee Young Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2001;18(1):67-74.   Published online June 30, 2001
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2001.18.1.67
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Meralgia paresthetica(MP) which is characterized by paresthesias and sensory impairment without motor weakness in the anterolateral aspects of the thighis produced by compression of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve(LFCN). Even though the diagnosis of MP is mostly based on the clinical symptoms, electrophysiologic study is mandatory to confirm the disease objectively. It has been known that Somatosensory evoked potential(SSEP) study of LFCN is a simple and very useful method to evaluate MP, so we studied SSEP of LFCN in normal adults and offer normal values. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty six normal adults(23 males and 13 females) ages from 21 to 73 years old(mean+/-SD:42.06+/-15.74) were studied SSEP of LFCN bilaterally. The stimulation site was anterolateral aspect of thighs and the recording site was Cz'. RESULTS: The mean values(msec+/-SD) of LPo, SPdegree, LN, and SN1 of all subjects were 35.10(+/-2.42), 33.80(+/-2.4), 43.68(+/-1.88) and 42.16(+/-2.12) and the mean values(msec+/- SD) of DPo, DNl and DA(tw+/-SD) were 1.3O(fi1.14), 1.52(+/-1.38) and 0.32(+/-0.33). CONCLUSION: For the diagnosis of MP, comparison of latency difference between both sides is more reliable than simple value of latency itself because of individual differences of body types. According to our results, the latency difference should be less than 2 msec and the amplitude difference was less than 1.6 times in normal adults.
Foreign Body in the Gastrointestinal Tract in Children.
Bo Hyeong Lee, Hyun Kyung Lee, Mi Jung Kim, Kwang Hae Choi
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2001;18(1):75-84.   Published online June 30, 2001
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2001.18.1.75
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The accidental swallowing of foreign body is a common problem in the children. Ingested foreign bodies may be managed by endoscopy, observation, or surgery. So we analyzed the methods of removal, type, location and complications of foreign bodies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This report reviewed 37 cases of ingested foreign body in the gastrointestinal tract at the Department of Pediatrics, Yeungnam University Hospital between January 1997 and April 2001. RESULTS: The age ranged from 8 months to 8 years. The most prevalent age group was between 1 year and 2 years of age(19%). The male to female ratio was 2.1:1 with 25 male and 12 female patients. The type of foreign bodies were coins in 20 cases(54%), nail in 4 cases(11%), key in 4 cases(11%), pin in 2 cases(5.5%), necklace in 2 cases(5.5%) and others. The locations of foreign bodies were upper esophagus in 12 cases(32.5%), lower esophagus in 4 cases(10.8%), stomach in 16 cases(43.2%), small bowel in 5 cases(13.5%). 4. Presenting symptoms were variable with asymptomatic (59. 4%) , vomiting (19. 0%) , epigastric pain (8.1%), dysphagia (5. 4%) and others. The methods for removal of foreign bodies included 20 cases of endoscopic removal(54.0%), 3 cases of spontaneous removal(8.1%) and there was no surgical removal. 14 cases(37.9%) did not confirmed removal of foreign body because of no revisit of our hospital. Endoscopic finding of patients were normal(15 cases), ulceration(2 cases), erosion(1 case), inflammation(l case), mucosal scratch(l case). CONCLUSION: It appears that the endoscopic approach is the preferable method for the removal of upper gastrointestinal foreign bodies in the children.
Standard Index Development for Comparing the Glomerular Number.
Yong Jin Kim, Chi Eun Lee, Kook Joo Lee, Young Ho Choi, Jung Suk Hong
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2001;18(1):85-93.   Published online June 30, 2001
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2001.18.1.85
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The number of glomerulus has been considered one of the etiologic factors especially for focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. However. glomeruli are too many to calculate them correctly. Although the fractionator method has became convinced, in which they used selected sections, not whole kidney sections, with same intervals, it is also very hard to get good results. Because it is still very time-consuming and laborous work which leads to make big observers' biases. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We designed the index for glomerular number to estimate the tendency of increase or decrease of the number of it in different kidneys and which was evaluated by other conventional methods including fractionator method. Index was based upon the theory by 1\yengaard: "the number of glomerulus correlates with the weight of kidney, which is positively correlated with body weight". Calculating formula is the number of glomeruli/surface areas of cortices which contain calculated glomeruli multiplies by kidney weight/body weight. RESULTS: We applied this index to kidneys of FGS/Kist mouse and those of RFM/ Nga mouse. The former is spontaneous glomerulosclerosis modelwith heavy protein uria and renal failure and the latter is the mother side of FGS/Kist mouse but has no glomerular disease or protein uria. The number of glomerulus of FGS/Kist mouse was decreased by 30% to those of RFM/Nga mouse. CONCLUSION: This index was useful and reliable for estimating the relative glomerular number between two groups.
Effect of Age on Glucose Metabolism of Skeletal Muscle in Rats.
Eung Chan Jang, Woon Ki Youn, Suck Kang Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2001;18(1):94-100.   Published online June 30, 2001
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2001.18.1.94
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
It is doubtful that aging causes deteriorated glucose metabolism and insulin resistance of skeletal muscle. Some researchers had different results about it. So we have studied the mechanism responsible for the abnormal glucose tolerance associated with aging in rapidly growing and matured rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Animals were used S.D. rats. Growing rats were 7 weeks old (BW: 160-190 gm) and matured rats were 28 weeks old (BW: 420-525 gm). RESULTS: Fasting blood glucose and plasma insulin levels were significantly elevated in matured rat compared with growing rats. And during oral glucose tolerance test the glucose level was also significantly elevated in matured rats. These results confirmed an insulin resistant state of aging. Insulin levels at 30 minutes of oral glucose tolerance test was significantly elevated in growing rat. But at 120 minutes it was maintained at higher level in matured rats than in growing rats. It suggested the possibility of increased insulin secretion by initial stimulation of beta-cells in growing rats, and increased secretion and decreased catabolic rate of insulin in matured rats. Glucose uptake rate of soleus muscle in matured rats was lower than that of growing rats, but the difference was not statistically significant. The dose(insulin)- responsive (glucose uptake) curve of soleus muscle was only slightly deviated to the right side. CONCLUSION: Glucose metabolism of rat skeletal muscle was worsened by aging. The data of glucose uptake experiments suggested the possibility of insulin resistance of skeletal muscle in matured rats, but the mechanism of insulin resistance of skeletal muscle need further studies.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Anti-Oxidative Effect of Jeokbaekhaogwanjoong-tang Distillate on Spleen Cells of Aged Rats
    Young-Chun Park, Il-Gu Kim, Tae-Min Kim
    The Korea Journal of Herbology.2016; 31(4): 35.     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Jeokbaekhaogwanjung-tang Herbal Acupuncture Solution on the Immune Activity of Spleen Cells of Aged Rats
    Hyun-Suk Lee, Kang-Min Choi, Yun-Kyoung Yim
    Journal of Korean Medicine.2016; 37(1): 90.     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Yongyukjowitang Distillate on the Immune Activity of Spleen Cells of Aged Rats
    Jin-Wook Yi, Moon-Hee Jang, Jae-Song Choi, Taek-Won Ahn
    Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine.2013; 25(3): 218.     CrossRef
The Results of Primary Repair in Acute Injuries of the Posterior Cruciate Ligament.
Dong Chul Lee, Seung Hee Baek
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2001;18(1):101-111.   Published online June 30, 2001
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2001.18.1.101
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
We analyze the functional evaluation, posterior stability after surgery of acute injuries in the femoral detachment and tibial avulsion fracture of posterior cruciate ligament. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty two patient who underwent primary repair were followed more than one year after operation (mean follow-up 33.7 months). The patients were evaluated with KT 2000 arthrometer and posterior stress test for posterior stability. Lysholm knee score was used for knee function. RESULTS: Lysholm score revealed 85.3 in femoral detachment group and 91.1 in tibial avulsion fracture group (p<0.05). Posterior displacement of the posterior stress test showed 17.2 mm at initial injury and 8.6 mm at last follow up in femoral detachment group. 16.8 mm at initial injury and 7.1 mm at last follow up in tibial avulsion fracture group There revealed the tendency of the improved posterior stability of the tibial avulsion group compared with femoral detachment group, but there showed no statistical significance in KT 2000 arthrometer and posterior stress x-ray. CONCLUSION: Functional results of tibial avulsion fracture group revealed the better outcome compared with femoral detachment group, but the degree of posterior stability in tibial avulsion fracture group showed no statistical significance in posterior stability.
A Cephalometric Study of Lateral Morphologic Features in Adult Cleft Lip and Palate Patients.
Ic Jun Chang, Woo Ill Sohn, Jae Chul Song, Byung Rho Chin
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2001;18(1):112-122.   Published online June 30, 2001
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2001.18.1.112
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Cleft lip and palate deformity have unknown patterns of maxillofacial growth and development. The maxillofacial growth can be affected either by congenital or environmental factors such as infection and trauma. Surgical repair of cleft lip and palate may interfere the subsequent growth and development of maxillofacial region. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the characteristics of maxillofacial growth patterns in adult cleft lip and palate patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The material for this study consisted of 17 adult male patients with cleft lip and palate. Cephalometric tracing and measurements were done by one investigator. The relationship between 17 cleft lip and palate patients and Korean norms were evaluated statistically. RESULTS: There were statistically difference in Na, perpendicular to point A, SNA angle, effective maxillary length, maxillofacial differencial, Wit's appraisal and upper incisor to point A (p < 0.01). Pogonion to Na. perpendicular also statistically differed (p < 0.05). Other measurements didn't statistically differ. CONCLUSION: It was evident that in adult cleft lip and palate patients, maxilla was retruded and short. Careful cleft lip and palate repair and treatment are recommended for facilitating normal growth of maxilla.
Comparative Analysis of Accuracy between Computerized Tomography and Cephalogram for 3-Dimensional Measurement of Maxillofacial Structure.
Jong Su Paek, Jae Chul Song, Hee Kyung Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2001;18(1):123-137.   Published online June 30, 2001
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2001.18.1.123
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of measurements obtained from 3-dimensional computerized tomography and 3-dimensional cephalogram constructed by using the frontal and lateral cephalogram of six human dry skulls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After CT scans and each cephalograms were taken, 3-dimensional coordinates (X, Y, Z) of landmarks were obtained using computer programs. In this study, the accuracy of both methods were determined by means of 14 linear measurements compare with caliper measurements. RESULTS: The standard deviation of landmarks of 3-dimensional CT and 3-dimensional cephalogram were 0.23 mm and 0.30 mm in X axis, 0.27 mm and 0.25 mm in Y axis, and 0.27 mm and 0.31 mm in Z axis. In both methods, the standard deviation were less than 0.5 mm in all landmarks, and the most of landmarks showed less than 1 mm in range. Concerning the accuracy, the mean difference between 3-dimensional CT and manual measurements was 0.33 mm, and 1.13 mm between 3-dimensional cephalogram and manual measurement. The distance between RGo and LGo showed the largest difference (2.23 mm). There were highly significant, and large correlation with manual measurements in both methods (p<0.01). CONCLUSION: It is concluded that closeness of repeated measurements to each skulls reveal the precision of both methods. Computerized tomography and cephalogram for 3-dimensional measurement of maxillofacial structure are equivalent in quality to caliper measurements.
Case Report
A Clinical Case Report of Hydatid Cyst of Liver.
Jung Mi Kim, Kyo Won Choi, Heon Ju Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2001;18(1):138-143.   Published online June 30, 2001
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2001.18.1.138
  • 1,702 View
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  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
In humans, echinococcal species produce cystic lesions primarily involving the liver and lung. Echinococcal infection is caused far more commonly by Echinococcus granulosa than by E. multilocularis, which accounts for less than 5 percent of all cases of hydatid liver disease. Hydatid disease occurs principally in sheep grazing areas, particularly in the Australia, New Zealand, Greece, Yugoslavia, Middle East, and South American countries, but with increasing migration and traveling, this disease now has a worldwide distribution. This disease is rare in Korea and only few cases have been reported. This is a clinical case report of hydatid cyst of liver caused by Echinococcus granulosus in a 52-year-old man who had been dispatched in the Vietnam from 1966 to 1968.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Hepatic Hydatid Cyst: A Case Report
    Wan Chul Kim, Jae Uk Shin, Su Sin Jin
    The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology.2021; 77(1): 35.     CrossRef
  • Clinical Update on Parasitic Diseases
    Min Seo
    Korean Journal of Medicine.2013; 85(5): 469.     CrossRef
  • An Imported Case of Echinococcosis of the Liver in a Korean Who Traveled to Western and Central Europe
    Sun-Ju Byun, Kyung Chul Moon, Kyung-Suk Suh, Joon Koo Han, Jong-Yil Chai
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology.2010; 48(2): 161.     CrossRef

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science