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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Yoo Jin Lee 3 Articles
Diagnostic value of serum procalcitonin and C-reactive protein in discriminating between bacterial and nonbacterial colitis: a retrospective study
Jae Yong Lee, So Yeon Lee, Yoo Jin Lee, Jin Wook Lee, Jeong Seok Kim, Ju Yup Lee, Byoung Kuk Jang, Woo Jin Chung, Kwang Bum Cho, Jae Seok Hwang
J Yeungnam Med Sci. 2023;40(4):388-393.   Published online April 3, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/jyms.2023.00059
  • 1,054 View
  • 50 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
Differentiating between bacterial and nonbacterial colitis remains a challenge. We aimed to evaluate the value of serum procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in differentiating between bacterial and nonbacterial colitis.
Methods
Adult patients with three or more episodes of watery diarrhea and colitis symptoms within 14 days of a hospital visit were eligible for this study. The patients’ stool pathogen polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing results, serum PCT levels, and serum CRP levels were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided into bacterial and nonbacterial colitis groups according to their PCR. The laboratory data were compared between the two groups. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was used to evaluate diagnostic accuracy.
Results
In total, 636 patients were included; 186 in the bacterial colitis group and 450 in the nonbacterial colitis group. In the bacterial colitis group, Clostridium perfringens was the commonest pathogen (n=70), followed by Clostridium difficile toxin B (n=60). The AUC for PCT and CRP was 0.557 and 0.567, respectively, indicating poor discrimination. The sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing bacterial colitis were 54.8% and 52.6% for PCT, and 52.2% and 54.2% for CRP, respectively. Combining PCT and CRP measurements did not increase the discrimination performance (AUC, 0.522; 95% confidence interval, 0.474–0.571).
Conclusion
Neither PCT nor CRP helped discriminate bacterial colitis from nonbacterial colitis.
Analysis of the risk factors of acute kidney injury after total hip or knee replacement surgery
Yoo Jin Lee, Bong Soo Park, Sihyung Park, Jin Han Park, Il Hwan Kim, Junghae Ko, Yang Wook Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2021;38(2):136-141.   Published online October 27, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2020.00542
  • 5,615 View
  • 97 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
Postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI), which increases the risk of postoperative morbidity and mortality, poses a major concern to surgeons. We conducted this study to analyze the risk factors associated with the occurrence of AKI after orthopedic surgery.
Methods
This was a retrospective study that included 351 patients who underwent total hip or knee replacement surgery at Inje University Haeundae Paik Hospital between January 2012 and December 2016.
Results
AKI occurred in 13 (3.7%) of the 351 patients. The patients’ preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was 66.66±34.02 mL/min/1.73 m2 in the AKI group and 78.07±21.23 mL/min/1.73 m2 in the non-AKI group. The hemoglobin levels were 11.21±1.65 g/dL in the AKI group and 12.39±1.52 g/dL in the non-AKI group. Hemoglobin level was related to increased risk of AKI (odds ratio [OR], 0.13; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.02–0.68; p=0.016). Administration of crystalloid or colloid fluid alone and the perioperative amount of fluid did not show any significant relationship with AKI. Further analysis of the changes in eGFR was performed using a cutoff value of 7.54. The changes in eGFR were significantly related to decreased risk of AKI (OR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.61–0.89; p=0.002).
Conclusion
Renal function should be monitored closely after orthopedic surgery if patients have chronic kidney disease and low hemoglobin level. Predicting the likelihood of AKI occurrence, early treatment of high-risk patients, and monitoring perioperative laboratory test results, including eGFR, will help improve patient prognosis.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Supplemental oxygen is associated with increased complications and readmission following total shoulder arthroplasty
    Nikhil Vallabhaneni, Alexander S. Guareschi, Josef K. Eichinger, Richard J. Friedman
    Seminars in Arthroplasty: JSES.2023; 33(3): 512.     CrossRef
  • Acute kidney injury after primary total hip replacement
    M. L. Lebed, M. G. Kirpichenko, E. V. Novikova, T. G. Lebed, A. V. Mankov
    Acta Biomedica Scientifica.2023; 8(5): 125.     CrossRef
Co-existence of relapsing polychondritis and Crohn disease treated successfully with infliximab
Hye-In Jung, Hyun Jung Kim, Ji-Min Kim, Ju Yup Lee, Kyung Sik Park, Kwang Bum Cho, Yoo Jin Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2021;38(1):70-73.   Published online June 19, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2020.00304
  • 4,864 View
  • 89 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rare, progressive immune-mediated systemic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology, characterized by recurrent inflammation of cartilaginous structures. Approximately 30% of RP cases are associated with other autoimmune diseases. However, the co-occurrence of RP and Crohn disease (CD) has rarely been reported. Herein, we present a 35-year-old woman diagnosed with RP and CD, who was refractory to initial conventional medications, including azathioprine and glucocorticoid, but who subsequently responded to infliximab (IFX). For both diseases, remission was sustained with IFX. There has been no previous report regarding the successful treatment of co-existing RP and CD with IFX.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Relapsing Polychondritis in a Patient With Auricular Chondritis and Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Case Report With Literature Review
    David D Bickford, Thomas Ritter, Pinky Jha, Hari R Paudel
    Cureus.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science