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Yong Hoon Park 21 Articles
Role of urine osmolality as a predictor of the effectiveness of combined imipramine and desmopressin in the treatment of monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis.
Kwon Soo Lee, Jun Bo Chang, Jae Yoon Jang, Young Hwii Ko, Yong Hoon Park, Phil Hyun Song
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2015;32(2):85-89.   Published online December 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2015.32.2.85
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
We examined the usefulness of urine osmolality, as a predictive factor in the treatment of monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (NE) with combination therapy of imipramine and desmopressin. METHODS: From May 2014 to April 2015, 59 monosymptomatic NE patients participated in this study. Early morning urine osmolality was measured at 1 week and 1 day before combination therapy of imipramine and desmopressin, and at 1 week and 2 weeks after therapy. The response to combination therapy was evaluated at 3 months after treatment. The mean period of combination therapy was 6.4+/-4.2 weeks. Therapeutic response was classified as complete (0-1 wet night/week), partial (over 50% reduction of night) and non-responders (less than 50% reduction of night). RESULTS: The cumulative rate of the complete and partial responders was 76.3%. Among the 3 groups, the statistically lowest value of pre-treatment urine osmolality was observed in the complete responder group (p<0.001). Urine osmolality increased in all groups after treatment, however, statistically the greatest difference between pre and post-treatment urine osmolality was observed in the complete responder group (p=0.024). No serious side effects were observed. CONCLUSION: Early morning urine osmolality and change of urine osmolality between pre and post-treatment have predictive values in the response to combined imipramine and desmopressin for treatment of monosymptomatic NE.

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  • First-morning urine osmolality changes in children with nocturnal enuresis at the end of treatment
    Yun ha Lee, Jae Min Chung, Sang Don Lee
    Childhood Kidney Diseases.2024; 28(1): 27.     CrossRef
One Case of Lupus Nephritis Flare in Child During Tapering the Steroid
Jung Youn Choi, Yong Hoon Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2007;24(2 Suppl):S755-760.   Published online December 31, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2007.24.2S.S755
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Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic multisystemic inflammatory autoimmune disease. Hematologic abnormality is more frequent and the frequency of using high dose steroid and immunosuppressant as treatment is higher in children, because the number of involved major organ is numerous and the disease progress is often rapid in the SLE of children. We reported an experience of lupus nephritis flare after tapering the steroid in 9 years old boy who was diagnosed focal proliferative glomerulonephritis.
Power Doppler Sonography for the Upper Urinary Tract Infection in Children.
Jung Youn Choi, Jae Ho Cho, Yong Hoon Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2007;24(2):179-185.   Published online December 31, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2007.24.2.179
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is common in children. The available gold standard methods for diagnosis, Tc-99m dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scan and computed tomography (CT) are invasive and expensive. This study was performed to assess the role of power Doppler ultrasound (PDU) for diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis (APN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in 25 children with aged 2 weeks to 5 years who were hospitalized with the first episode of febrile UTI suggesting acute pyelonephritis. All children were examined in the first 3-5 days of admission by PDU and Tc-99m DMSA scan. The comparison between PDU and DMSA scan was performed on the basis of patients. RESULTS: The sensitivity and specificity of PDU for the detection of affected kidneys were 38.1% and 50.0%, and the positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 61.9% and 50.0%, respectively. Vesicoureteral refluxes (VUR) were identified in 11 patients (44.4%) and 18 kidneys (36%). The PDU and DMSA scan showed a matching perfusion defect in 23.8% and 50.0% respectively. CONCLUSION: These data indicate the PDU has a relatively low sensitivity and specificity for differentiating APN from lower UTI but may be a complement tool to DMSA scan for the prediction of VUR in infants and children.

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  • Comparison of 99mTc-DMSA Renal Scan and Power Doppler Ultrasonography for the Detection of Acute Pyelonephritis and Vesicoureteral Reflux
    Hee Jung Bae, Yong-Hoon Park, Jae Ho Cho, Kyung Mi Jang
    Childhood Kidney Diseases.2018; 22(2): 47.     CrossRef
  • Urinary tract infections in pediatric oncology patients with febrile neutropenia
    Kyoo Hyun Suh, Sun Young Park, Sae Yoon Kim, Jae Min Lee
    Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine.2016; 33(2): 105.     CrossRef
Short Stature and Growth Hormone Therapy.
Yong Hoon Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2005;22(1):1-12.   Published online June 30, 2005
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2005.22.1.1
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Normal growth and development is of prime concern during childhood. The treatment of children with growth hormone deficiency has been revolutionized by growth hormone therapy. An improved height outcome with a final height within the target height range has been achieved. However, close follow-up with regular clinical and laboratory monitoring is essential for achieving the desirable height outcome. The theoretical unlimited supply of growth hormone has led to its wide spread use in a variety of disorders other than a growth hormone deficiency. Initially used in children with Turner syndrome, growth hormone is now used to treat chronic renal failure, an idiopathic short stature and intrauterine growth restrictions in addition to a wide array of newly emerging indications. This review summarizes the basics for a proper growth assessment, the differentiation of normal and abnormal growth causes of a short stature, and the indications for growth hormone treatment.

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  • Height outcomes in Korean children with idiopathic short stature receiving growth hormone treatment
    Hyun Wook Chae, Il-Tae Hwang, Ji-Eun Lee, Cheol Hwan So, Young-Jun Rhie, Jung Sub Lim, Eun Byul Kwon, Kyung Hee Yi, Eun Young Kim, Chae-Ku Jo, Kye Shik Shim, Ha-Yeong Gil, Min-Jeong Seong, Chung Mo Nam, Ji-Su Moon, Jin Soon Hwang
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
Clinical Outcome of Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction in the Pediatric and Adult Population.
Phill Hyun Song, Sang Taek Kwon, Ji Hyun Yeo, Yong Hoon Park, Ki Hak Moon
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2004;21(1):67-73.   Published online June 30, 2004
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2004.21.1.67
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BACKGROUND
A ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction is a congenital anomaly commonly afflicting the pediatric population. However, it occurs more frequently in adults than is generally appreciated. To assess their characteristics, we have here compared and analyzed the clinical manifestations, causes, and outcomes of UPJ obstruction found in children and adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 102 patients (118 renal units) out of 182 patients (218 renal units), with diagnosed UPJ obstruction, were available for follow up. The follow-ups were retrospectively reviewed to determine the presenting symptoms, treatments, and clinical outcomes. Patients who were younger than 18 years of age were assigned to the pediatric group (44 patients), others the adult group (58 patents). RESULTS: The majority of the patients presented with flank pain (pediatric group: 68%, adult group: 76%). The majority of patients underwent a pyeloplasty (pediatric group: 50.9%, adult group: 62.3%). And the major cause of the UPJ obstruction was an intrinsic stenosis (pediatric group: 53%, adult group: 56%). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of bilateral UPJ obstruction in adults is evidently less prevalent than in pediatrics, and despite the late diagnosis, the surgical outcome is similar. A further investigation of UPJ obstruction will lead us to a more comprehensive understanding of the disease.
Treatment of Henoch-Sch?nlein Purpura with Intravenous Immunoglobulin.
Hyo Seok Chung, Won Duck Kim, Eun Sil Lee, Kwang Hae Choi, Yong Hoon Park, Yong Jin Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2001;18(2):246-252.   Published online December 31, 2001
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2001.18.2.246
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We report the result of a high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin therapy in a Henoch-Sch?nlein purpura patient with severe abdominal pain and nephrotic syndrom who did not respond to methylprednisolone pulse therapy. Kidney bbiopsy showed diffuse mesangial cell proliferative glomerulonephritis with fibrocellular crescent formation in approximately 50% of glomeruli. Mesangium of all glomeruli were strong positive for IgA and C3 antibodies. High-dose intravenous immunoglobulin treatment was introduced and dramatic improvement of gastrointestinal symptom and proteinuria as well as hematuria was noted. Immunoglobulin administration should be considered in Henoch-Schnlein purpura patients with sterois-resistant intractable dastrointestinal manifestation and renal involvenment.
A Study on the Bone Density in Newborn Infants: Difference of the Bone Mineral Density according to the Gestational Age and the Birth Weight.
Eun Sil Lee, Son Moon Shin, Han Ku Moon, Yong Hoon Park, Kwang Hae Choi
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1997;14(2):383-392.   Published online December 31, 1997
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1997.14.2.383
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To study the differenced of bone mineral density according to the gestational ages and the birth weight and get a reference data for the diagnosis of metabolic bone diseases in the newborn infants, bone mineral densities of the lumbar vertebrae were measured in fifty-three newborn infants bone at Yeungnam University Hospital from March 1, 1995 to February 28, 1997, whose gestational ages were between 28+3 and 41+3 weeks and who had no intrauterine growth retardation, using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (X-R 26, Norland, USA) within seven days of life. 1. There was no sexual difference in bone mineral density. The bone density increased significantly as gestational age increased from 0.149+/-0.009 g/cm2 at 28-30wks to 0.229+/-0.034 g/cm2 at 39-41wks of gestational age (p<0.05), but there was no significant difference between bone mineral density at 33-34wks and 35-36wks. There was positive linear correlation netween gestational age and bone mineral density (Y=7.5?10-3X-0.082, r=0.7018, p<0.001). 2. The bone mineral density increased significantly as the birth weight increased from 0.158+/-0.020 g/cm2 in 1,000-1,499 g to 0.251+/-0.021 g/cm2 in 3,500-4,000 g of the birth weight (p<0.05), but there was no significant difference between bone mineral densities in 1,000-1,499 g and 1,500-1,999 g of the birth weight. There was positive linear correlation between the birth weight and the bone mineral density (Y=3.9?10-5X+0.093, r=0.7296, p<0.001). There were positive correlations between the bone mineral density and gestational age, and between the bone mineral density and the birth weight. It can be used as a reference data for the further study on the bone mineral metabolism in the newborn infants including preterm babies.
Diagnostic Values of Abdominal Ultrasonograpy in Patients with Fever and Abdominal Symptoms.
Mi Kyung Lee, Chang Sung Im, Sun Mi Ahn, Chang Hi Kim, Dong Jin Lee, Joong Hyuck Kwan, Yong Hoon Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1995;12(2):191-202.   Published online December 31, 1995
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1995.12.2.191
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PURPOSE: Acute febrile illness in children frequently accompanies with abdominal symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain, even if its etiology is not occured from the gastrointestinal tract. If the etiology of fever was unknown and the fever was accompanied with abdominal symptoms, we should be concerned about whether the etiology of fever was originated from the gastrointestinal tract or interpretated from the abnormality in the gastrointestinal tract. This study was performed to evaluate the diagnostic value of abdominal ultrasonography in patients with fever and abdominal symptoms. METHODS: We reviewed retrospectively the medical records of abdominal ultrasonographic (US) findings of 60 cases of acute febrile illness with abdominal symptoms at department of Pediatrics, Ulsan Dongang General RESULTS: (100%), splenomegaly in 4 cases (66.7%), ileocecitis in 1 case (16.7%), enlarged mesenteric lymph nodes and splenomegaly in 4 cases (66.7%), enlarged mesenteric lymph nodes, splenomegaly and ileocecitis in 1 cases (16.7%). 6) The enlarged mesenteric lymph nodes and the abnormalities around the appendix were seen in 7 cases (11.7%), which were confirmed as appendicitis all. 7) The thickening of wall in urinary bladder was seen in 2 cases (3.3%) of acute cystitis and acute hemorrhagic cystitis. 8) The subtle thickening of wall in colon was seen in 1 cases (1.7%) of shigellosis. CONCLUSIONS: The enlarged mesenteric lymph nodes, splenomegaly and ileocolitis on the abdominal ultrasonography in patients with fever and abdominal symptoms aree suggestive findings of typhoid fever. The enlarged mesenteric lymph nodes and the abnormalities around the appendix on abdominal ultrasonography make the rapid diagnosis of acute appendicitis and its complications, when physical examination is difficult in small children and diagnosis of their illnesses is obscure in patients with fever and abdominal pain.
Clinical Study of Spontaneous Closure in Simple Ventricular Septal Defects
Young Hwan Lee, Yong Hoon Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1995;12(1):105-112.   Published online June 30, 1995
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1995.12.1.105
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During the period of 9.5 years from September, 1985 to March, 1995, 32 cases with spontaneous closure in simple ventricular septal defect(VSD) were observed and evaluated at Yeungnam University Hospital, and those were confirmed by 2D-echocardiogram. The results were as follows: 1. Among these 32 cases, there were 23 cases(71.9%) of perimembranous VSD, 8 cases(25.0%) of muscular VSD and 1 case(3.1%) of subarterial VSD. Septal aneurysms appears to be main mechanism of spontaneous closure of VSD because of the presence of septal aneurysm in all cases with spontaneous ',;losure of a perimembranous VSD. 2. The size of the defect was variable in diameter, but 27 cases(81.2%) were less than 5 mm. 3. The mean age was 12.1 months at spontaneous closure with the range from 1 month old to 72 months. 4. The mean weight was 9.0 kg at spontaneous closure. 5.--Among these 32 cases, 3 cases had the clinical evidence of cardimegaly or congestive hert -failure during infancy. 6. Male to female sex ratio was 1.5:1
A Case of Bartter's Syndrome with a Seizure Disorder Associated with Subdural Hematoma.
Jae Jun Lee, Han Ku Moon, Yong Hoon Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1994;11(2):388-397.   Published online December 31, 1994
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1994.11.2.388
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Bartter's syndrome is a rare tubular disorder characterized by hypokalemic, hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis, hyperreninemic, hyperaldosteronism, hyporesponsiveness to pressor agents and juxtaglomerular apparatus heperplasia. We report a case of Bartter's syndrome of a 5 month-old male infant with subdural hematoma who was confirmed by characteristic clinical, laboratory findings and kidney biopsy.

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  • Furosemide induced medullary nephrocalcinosis mimicking Bartter syndrome
    Sohee Kim, Chanhee Kyung, Yong hoon Kim, Jang ho Cho, Changhyeok Hwang, Jung Eun Lee
    Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine.2014; 31(1): 21.     CrossRef
The Effect of the Local Anesthetic Cream in Alleviating Pain form Vaccination.
Sang Duk Kim, Son Moon Shin, Yong Hoon Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1994;11(2):270-276.   Published online December 31, 1994
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1994.11.2.270
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AbstractAbstract PDF
To evaluate the effect of a new topical anesthetic cream (EMLA : Eutectic mixture of local anesthetics) on reducing pain associated with DPT vaccination, we conducted a clinical observation on eighty infants who were brought to well baby clinic of Yeungnam University Hospital for DPT vaccination. 80 Infants, who were between 2 months and 8 months in age, were divided into two groups. EMLA treated group and control group. Male to femle sex ratio was 1.4 to 1. EMLA cream was applied 60 minutes before DPT vaccination, the effect of reducing pain was assessed by using McGrath's face scale, Oucher pain scale and modified behavioral pain scale (MBPS) and also evaluated by measuring the duration and time of crying (the time of the first crying after iniection, duration of the first crying, total duration of crying). The scores of those scales were lower in EMLA treated group than in control group significantly (P<0.01 in McGrath's face scale. MBPS and p<0.05 in Oucher pain scale). There was no difference in the time of the first crying after vaccination in both groups. The duration of the first crying was shorter in EMLA treated group than control group of crying was also shorter in EMLA treated group (EMLA treated group 9.0±12.5 sec, p<0.05). Transient skin erythema was noted in 5 infants after EMLA application, but no other adverse effects were observed. We conclude that the application of EMLA cream before vaccination seems to be an effective and safe way to reduce the pain from vaccination, but it takes usually 60 minutes to get the anesthetic effect of EMLA and it is expensive, so EMLA cream can not be recommended in routine vaccination in infants now.

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  • Effect of vapocoolant spray and EMLA cream upon DPT vaccination pain in infants
    Gunja Jang, Eunyoung Jeon, Eunsil Lee
    Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society.2014; 25(4): 705.     CrossRef
  • The effects of EMLA cream on pain responses of preschoolers
    Se Na Ahn, Joohyun Lee, Hae Won Kim, Sook Bin Im, Byung Sun Cho, Hye Young Ahn
    Open Journal of Nursing.2013; 03(08): 1.     CrossRef
Effect of Recombinant Human Erythropoietin in the Anemia of Prematurity : a Pilot Study.
Kyung Ah Lee, Son Moon Shin, Yong Hoon Park, Jeong Ok Hah
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1994;11(1):115-126.   Published online June 30, 1994
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1994.11.1.115
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The recent availability of recombinant human erythropoietin has opened new perspectives in the management of a variety of anemias. Clinical trials have been initiated in several countries using different approaches and methodology. We randomly assigned twelve premature infants(gestational age < 32 week) at high risk of requiring erythrocyte transfusion for anemia of prematurity with either subcutaneous recombinant human erythropoietin or a placebo. Treatment with rHuEPO was initiated at a dose of 100 units/kg day for 3 days a week. All patients were given supplemental oral iron therapy at a dose of 3 mg/kg per day, as tolerated and oral vitamin E at a dose of 25 units per day. Treated and control babies did not differ with respect to weight, hematocrit, overall mean reticulocyte count or rate of growth respectively. However, reticulocyte counts increased earlier in patients given rHuEPO. We conclude that rHuEPO administration is safe and feasible at the dose studied.
A study of bone mineral density of lumbar spine by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) in children.
Chur Woo You, Son Moon Shin, Yong Hoon Park, Son Yong Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1993;10(2):369-379.   Published online December 31, 1993
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1993.10.2.369
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The bone mineral density(BMD) of the lumbar spine (L2L4) was measured by using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry(Norland M6 DEXA) in 80 children aged between 2months and 15years (group I:2monthlyears, group 2: 1year5years, group3:6years10years, group4*: 11years15years). The correlation coefficient of BMD with age, body weight, height and Tanner stage were 0.696, 0.693, 0.717 and 0.636 respectively. There were sigificant difference. in BMD(g/cm2) between-group 1(BMD : 0.335 0.175) and group 2(BMD : 0.627 0.200), and group 3(BMD : 0.714 0.189) and group.4(BMD : 0. 8730.163) (P<0.05). There was no significant difference of BMD between boys and girls(P<0.05). BMD also increased significantly with development of Tanner stages(Tanner stage 1 : 0.547 0.234, Tanner stage 2 : 0.783 0.136, Tanner stage 3 : 0.998 0.080) (P<0.05). These data indicate that the BMD was correlated with age, body weight, height and Tanner stage significantly and BMD increased significantly during growth spurt occured in 1 to 4years of age and puberty.
A case of infantile nephrotic syndrome.
Kyung A Lee, Son Mun Shin, Yong Hoon Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1992;9(2):427-435.   Published online December 31, 1992
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1992.9.2.427
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AbstractAbstract PDF
We have experienced a case of infantile nephritic syndrome confirmed by renal biopsy in a 13-month-old female patient who showed and develop mental retardation and persistent proteinuria. She revealed mild eyelid edema, joint laxity, delayed speech development and adrenal cortical calcification on the radiologic study. Renal biopsy showed microcystic tubular change, micro-glomeruli and marked mesangial proliferation.
Estimation of Glomerular Filtration Rate from Plasma Creatinine and Height in Children.
Jeong Lan Kim, Yong Hoon Park, Jeong Ok Hah
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1988;5(1):93-100.   Published online June 30, 1988
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1988.5.1.93
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AbstractAbstract PDF
In clinical practice, creatinine clearance (Ccr) remains the most commonly used laboratory assessment of glomerular function despite methodological and technical problems of urine collection. Schwartz et al. in 1976, reported that an accurate estimate of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) could be obtained from the simple determinations of plasma creatinine (Per) and body length (L): GFR (ml/min/1.73m2)=kL (cm)/Per (mg/100 ml), (k=constant). The subject of this study were 81 children admitted to our pediatric department from July, 1985 to June, 1987 and they were divided into three groups; group I, from 1 to 5 years old, group II, from 6 to 10 years old, group III, from 11 to 15 years old. The results were as following: 1) Measured creatinine clearance Ccr(M), ml/min/1.73m²) were 109.73±9.97 in group I, 108.26±9.02 in group II, 96.20±4.72 in group III and 105.48±5.23 in all age group. 2) Measured k(k(M)) obtained from CcrM=k Ht/Pcr were 0.49±0.03 in group I, 0.48±0.02 in group II, 0.43±0.02 in group III, and 0.47±0.02 in all age group (Ht; height). 3) Linear equations and correlation coefficient between Ht/Pcr (x) and Ccr (y) were y=0.82x-65.63 (r=0.99) in group I, y=0.61x-23.46(r=0.72) in group II, y=0.18x+54.44 (r=0.54) in group III and y=0.58x-22.13 (r=0.81) in all age group. 4) Ccr(E) was again estimated from linear equations between Ht/Pcr and Ccr(M) and k(E) was calculated with Ht/Pcr and Ccr(E) were 0.48±0.01 in group I, 0.49±0.01 in group II, 0.43±0.01 in group III and 0.47±0.00 in all age group. 5) Consistent values of k(E) and k(M) were highly significant as 95~97.5% in group I and II, 90~95% in group III and 97.5~99% in all age group. In summary, we could estimate GFR with height, plasma creatinine and measured k(k(M)) according to the age in easy and rapid way.
Two cases of Lupus Nephritis.
Ki Hyuck Lee, Yong Hoon Park, Jeong Ok Hah
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1987;4(2):185-191.   Published online December 31, 1987
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1987.4.2.185
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The systemic lupus erythematosus is a self-perpetuating disease with multisystem involvement, i.e.; skin, kidney, serous membrane, nervous system and other organs. The mortality in SLE is determined primarily by the extent of renal involvement and the degree of immunosuppression resulting from the therapy. We experienced two cases of lupus nephritis in SLE with clinical, serologic, immunologic and pathologic evaluations. Renal biopsy revealed focal and segmental proliferative glomerulonephritis and mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis. Both patients have been improving with prednisolone on follow-up studies.
The Acute Intermittent Peritoneal Dialysis in Acute Renal Failure of Newborn and Young Infants.
Yong Hoon Park, Han Ku Moon
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1986;3(1):375-382.   Published online December 31, 1986
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1986.3.1.375
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We studied the effects of the acute intermittent peritoneal dialysis in severe acute renal failure of 1 newborn infant and 2 young infants during 18 months period from February 1985 to April 1986. The predisposing illnesses were severe acute gastroenteritis with dehydration. Reye's syndrome, and bilateral nephrolithiasis with hyperuricemia. The concomitant illnesses were severe hypernatremia, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, hypocalcemia, hypoglycemia, DIC (disseminated intravascular coagulopathy). Paralytic ileus, metabolic acidosis and gastrointestinal bleeding. As a dialysate, Imperinol solutionR, 1.5% was used in all cases. The cycles of dialysis were 8, 16, and 41 times in each cases. Observed complications during dialysis were leakage, and abdominal wall and scrotal swelling in 2 cases, hyperglycemia in 1 case, and peritonitis in 1 case. Acinetobacter calcoaceticus was cultured in peritoneal fluid of peritonitis. These complications were treated by stopping dialysis in leakage and abdominal wall swelling, insulin therapy in hyperglycemia, and intraperitoneal and systemic antibiotics therapy in peritonitis. We experienced improvements of severe acute renal failure with variable concomitant illnesses by acute intermittent peritoneal dialysis despite of the treatable complications of dialysis in all cases.
9 Cases of Non-chromosomal Multiple Malformation Disorders with Psychomotor Retardation.
Han Ku Moon, Yong Hoon Park, Jeong Ok Hah
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1986;3(1):367-374.   Published online December 31, 1986
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1986.3.1.367
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AbstractAbstract PDF
To make better clinical diagnosis, authors reviewed 9 patients of nonchromosomal multiple malformation disorders with psychomotor retardation, who were evaluated at pediatric department of Yeungnam University hospital for recent 2 years. We could make clinical diagnosis in 5 patients out of 9 as Aarskog syndrome, BeckwithWiedemann syndrome, Hallermann-Streiff syndrome, Rubinstein Taybi syndrome and Weaver syndrome. But even in diagnosed cases, there were many discrepant findings in comparison with typical cases of reference literatures and family history was positive in only one case. Moreover we could not make diagnosis in 4 patients. Therefore we think it is necessary to make a survey of unique pattern, incidence, distribution and etiologic factors of malformation disorders in our country by geneticist and pediatrician as well as to improve the laboratory aids for better diagnosis and genetic counseling.
Clinical Investigation of Childhood Epilepsy.
Han Ku Moon, Yong Hoon Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1985;2(1):103-111.   Published online December 31, 1985
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1985.2.1.103
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Childhood epilepsy which has high prevalence rate and inception rate is one of the commonest problem encountered in pediatrician. In contrast with epilepsy of adult, in childhood epilepsy, more variable and varying manifestations are found because the factors of age, growth and development exert their influences in the manifestations and the courses of childhood epilepsy. Moreover epilepsy children have associated problems such as physical and mental handicaps, psychological disorders and learning disability. For these reasons pediatrician who deals with epileptic children experiences difficulties in making diagnosis and managing them. In order to improve understanding and management of childhood epilepsy, authors reviewed 103 cases of epileptic patients seen at pediatric department of Yeungnam University Hospital retrospectively. The patients were classified according to the type of epileptic seizure. Suspected causes of epilepsy, associated conditions of epileptic patients, age incidence and the findings of brain CT were reviewed. Large numbers of epileptic patients (61.2%) developed their first seizures under the age of 5. The most frequent type of epileptic seizure was generalized tonic-clonic, tonic, clonic seizure (49.5%), followed by simple partial seizure with secondary generalization (17.5%), simple partial seizure (7.8%), atypical absence (5.8%) and unclassified seizure (5.8%). In 83.5% of patients, we could not find specific cause of it, but in 16.5% of cases, history of neonatal hypoxia (4.9%), meningitis (3.9%), prematurity (1.9%), small for gestational age (1.0%), CO poisoning (1.0%), encephalopathy (1.0%) were found. 30 cases of patients had associated diseases such as mental retardation, hyperactivity, delayed motor milestones or their combinations. The major abnormal findings of brain CT performed in 42 cases were cortical atrophy, cerebral infarction, hydrocephalus and brain swelling. This review stressed better designed classification of epilepsy is needed and with promotion of medical care, prevention of epilepsy is possible in some cases. Also it is stressed that childhood epilepsy requires multidisciplinary therapy and brain CT is helpful in the evaluation of epilepsy with limitation in therapeutic aspects.
A Case of Alveolar Rhabdomyosarcoma Originating from the Chest Wall.
Chun Dong Kim, Jeong Ok Hah, Hyun Mo Koo, Byung Ryul Choi, Han Ku Moon, Yong Hoon Park, Jin Gon Jun, Tae Sook Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1984;1(1):207-212.   Published online December 31, 1984
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1984.1.1.207
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Rhabdomyosarcoma originating from the chest wall is a rare malignant tumor in children and was considered to be guarded in prognosis previously. However, recent advances in multidisciplinary treatment of rhabdomyosarcoma in children have improved the disease free survival rate. Authors report a case of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma, stage III, originating from the chest wall who is surviving free of disease for 15 months with aggressive chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
Clinical Significance of the Routine "Dipstick" Urinalyses in Pediatric Inpatients.
Yong Hoon Park, Jin Gon Jun
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1984;1(1):115-120.   Published online December 31, 1984
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1984.1.1.115
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AbstractAbstract PDF
To find clinical significance of routine “dipstick” urinalysis on admission, we analyzed the results of the “dipstick” urinalyses performed in 844 patients admitted to the pediatric department of Yeungnam University hospital from May 1, 1983 to October 31, 1984. Ketonuria, proteinuria, hematuria and glucosuria were found in 9.5%, 4.9%, 2.4% and 1.1% of the patients respectively. There were no significant differences by sex, age and presence of fever. However, proteinuria and ketonuria were found more frequently in the patients with dehydration (p<0.05). All of the patients with proteinuria and ketonuria showed negative results on follow up. However, among 13 patients with hematura, 9 patients showed negative results and 4 patients had persistent hematuria on follow up. These 4 patients were found to have chronic pyelonephritis (2), asymptomatic urinary tract infection (1) and benign recurrent hematuria (1). This routine “dipstick” urinalysis on admission seems to be simple test which is useful in detecting unrecognized kidney and other urinary tract disease.

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science