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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Woo Yeong Park 1 Article
Impact of calcineurin inhibitors on rat glioma cells viability
Jeong Hun Seong, Woo Yeong Park, Jin Hyuk Paek, Sung Bae Park, Seungyeup Han, Kyo-Cheol Mun, Kyubok Jin
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2019;36(2):105-108.   Published online January 21, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2019.00108
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
Although kidney transplantation outcomes have improved dramatically after using calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs), CNI toxicity continues to be reported and the mechanism remains uncertain. Here, we investigated the neurotoxicity of CNIs by focusing on the viability of glioma cells.
Methods
Glioma cells were treated with several concentrations of CNIs for 24 hours at 37 ℃ and their cell viability was evaluated using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay.
Results
Exposure to 0, 0.25, 0.5, 2.5, 5.0, and 10.0 mM concentrations respectively showed 100%, 64.3%, 61.3%, 68.1%, 62.4%, and 68.6% cell viability for cyclosporine and 100%, 38.6%, 40.8%, 43.7%, 37.8%, and 43.0% for tacrolimus. The direct toxic effect of tacrolimus on glioma cell viability was stronger than that of cyclosporine at the same concentration.
Conclusion
CNIs can cause neurological side effects by directly exerting cytotoxic effects on brain cells. Therefore, we should carefully monitor the neurologic symptoms and level of CNIs in kidney transplant patients.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Tacrolimus-Induced Neurotoxicity After Transplant: A Literature Review
    Paige Verona, Jocelyn Edwards, Kassidy Hubert, Federica Avorio, Vincenzina Lo Re, Roberta Di Stefano, Anna Carollo, Heather Johnson, Alessio Provenzani
    Drug Safety.2024; 47(5): 419.     CrossRef

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science