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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Ung Bae Jeon 1 Article
Stent graft treatment of an ilioenteric fistula secondary to radiotherapy: a case report
Joo Yeon Jang, Ung Bae Jeon, Jin Hyeok Kim, Tae Un Kim, Jae Yeon Hwang, Hwa Seong Ryu
J Yeungnam Med Sci. 2022;39(1):77-80.   Published online July 7, 2021
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Fistulas between the arteries and the gastrointestinal tract are rare but can be fatal. We present a case of an ilioenteric fistula between the left external iliac artery and sigmoid colon caused by radiotherapy for cervical cancer, which was treated with endovascular management using a stent graft. A 38-year-old woman underwent concurrent chemoradiotherapy for cervical cancer recurrence. Approximately 9 months later, the patient suddenly developed hematochezia. On her first visit to the emergency room of our hospital, computed tomography (CT) images did not reveal extravasation of contrast media. However, 8 hours later, she revisited the emergency room because of massive hematochezia with a blood pressure of 40/20 mmHg and a heart rate of 150 beats per minute. At that time, CT images showed the presence of contrast media in almost the entire colon. The patient was referred to the angiography room at our hospital for emergency angiography. Inferior mesenteric arteriography did not reveal any source of bleeding. Pelvic arteriography showed contrast media extravasation from the left external iliac artery to the sigmoid colon; this was diagnosed as an ilioenteric fistula and treated with a stent graft. When the bleeding focus is not detected on visceral angiography despite massive arterial bleeding, pelvic arteriography is recommended, especially in patients with a history of pelvic surgery or radiotherapy.


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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science