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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Sang Duk Kim 2 Articles
Effect of Low Lactose Special Formula (MF-1)for the Treatment of Acute Diarrhea in Infants.
Oh Hyouk Kwon, Sang Duk Kim, Kyeung A Kim, Son Moon Shin
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1996;13(2):251-260.   Published online December 31, 1996
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AbstractAbstract PDF
To evaluate the effect of low lactose special formula (MF-1) for the treatment of acute diarrhea, we studied thirty nine infants who were admitted with acute diarrhea to the Department of Pediatics Yeungnam University Hospital. 39 infants of under 6 months of age who had been fed on formula feeds were randomly allocated to receive either a diluted regular formula milk or a low lactose special formula. Each infant received intravenous rehydration during fasting for 6-12 hours. Group 1 (n=15) was fed half strength of regular formula (80-100 cc/kg/day) for the first 24 hours, three quarters strength formula (100-120 cc/kg/day) for the next 24 hours, and continued feeding with the full strength regular formula milk. Group 2 (n=24), who fed the same amount of milk as Group 1, continued feeding with the full strength low lactose special formula from the start of feeding. Male to female sex ratio was 1.6 to 1. The characteristics of infants on admission were comparable in the age, the duration of diarrhea and the stool frequency before admission, the degree of dehydration. There were no significant differences in the duration of hospitalization, changes in stool weight and stool frequency after admission between two groups (p>0.05). The Body weight and skin fold thickness were increased in group 2 who fed low lactose formula, but those who fed diluted regular formula showed reduction of body weight and skin fold (64.2±51.4 g vs -11.4±52.2 g, 0.6±0.8 mm vs -0.1±0.3 mm respectively) during hospitalization (p<0.05). We conclude that low lactose special formula milk can be recommended instead of diluted regular formula for acute diarrhea treatment in infants
The Effect of the Local Anesthetic Cream in Alleviating Pain form Vaccination.
Sang Duk Kim, Son Moon Shin, Yong Hoon Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1994;11(2):270-276.   Published online December 31, 1994
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  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
To evaluate the effect of a new topical anesthetic cream (EMLA : Eutectic mixture of local anesthetics) on reducing pain associated with DPT vaccination, we conducted a clinical observation on eighty infants who were brought to well baby clinic of Yeungnam University Hospital for DPT vaccination. 80 Infants, who were between 2 months and 8 months in age, were divided into two groups. EMLA treated group and control group. Male to femle sex ratio was 1.4 to 1. EMLA cream was applied 60 minutes before DPT vaccination, the effect of reducing pain was assessed by using McGrath's face scale, Oucher pain scale and modified behavioral pain scale (MBPS) and also evaluated by measuring the duration and time of crying (the time of the first crying after iniection, duration of the first crying, total duration of crying). The scores of those scales were lower in EMLA treated group than in control group significantly (P<0.01 in McGrath's face scale. MBPS and p<0.05 in Oucher pain scale). There was no difference in the time of the first crying after vaccination in both groups. The duration of the first crying was shorter in EMLA treated group than control group of crying was also shorter in EMLA treated group (EMLA treated group 9.0±12.5 sec, p<0.05). Transient skin erythema was noted in 5 infants after EMLA application, but no other adverse effects were observed. We conclude that the application of EMLA cream before vaccination seems to be an effective and safe way to reduce the pain from vaccination, but it takes usually 60 minutes to get the anesthetic effect of EMLA and it is expensive, so EMLA cream can not be recommended in routine vaccination in infants now.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Effect of vapocoolant spray and EMLA cream upon DPT vaccination pain in infants
    Gunja Jang, Eunyoung Jeon, Eunsil Lee
    Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society.2014; 25(4): 705.     CrossRef
  • The effects of EMLA cream on pain responses of preschoolers
    Se Na Ahn, Joohyun Lee, Hae Won Kim, Sook Bin Im, Byung Sun Cho, Hye Young Ahn
    Open Journal of Nursing.2013; 03(08): 1.     CrossRef

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science