Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

Indexed in: ESCI, Scopus, PubMed,
PubMed Central, CAS, DOAJ, KCI
FREE article processing charge
OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse Articles > Author index
Search
Kyeong Cheol Shin 17 Articles
Microbiologic distribution and clinical features of nontuberculous mycobacteria in the tertiary hospital in Daegu.
Kyung Soo Hong, June Hong Ahn, Eun Young Choi, Hyun Jung Jin, Kyeong Cheol Shin, Jin Hong Chung, Kwan Ho Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2015;32(2):71-79.   Published online December 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2015.32.2.71
  • 2,041 View
  • 24 Download
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Recent studies have shown that the nontuberculosis mycobacterium (NTM) recovery rate in clinical cultures has increased within Korea. However, another study conducted by a secondary hospital within Daegu reported different results. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to understand and evaluate the microbiological distribution and clinical features of NTM in Daegu. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 11,672 respiratory specimens undergoing acid fast bacilli (AFB) culture from 6,685 subjects who visited Yeungnam University Respiratory Center from January 2012 to December 2013. RESULTS: Of the 11,672 specimens undergoing AFB culture, 1,310 specimens (11.2%) showed positive results. Of these specimens, NTM was recovered from 587 specimens, showing a recovery rate of 44.8%. Identification test for NTM was performed on 191 subjects; the results were as follows: M. avium-intracellulare complex (MAC) 123 (64.4%), M. abscessus 20 (10.5%), M. kansasii 12 (6.3%), and 33 other NTM germ strains. Of the 382 subjects with NTM, 167 were diagnosed with pulmonary NTM disease (43.7%), however virulence differed depending on NTM strain. Multivariate analysis showed that nodular bronchiectasis, the nodules, and finding consistent with cavity under imaging study were statistically significant for triggering pulmonary NTM disease. AFB culture showing MAC and M. abscessus was statistically significant as well. Positive predictive value for NTM polymerase chain reaction (NTM-PCR) was 88.6%. CONCLUSION: Results for NTM recovery rate within the Daegu area were similar to those for the Seoul metropolitan area. We can assume that NTM infection is increasing in our community, therefore AFB-positive subjects (1) should undergo NTM-PCR, (2) should have their culture results checked for differentiation of mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTB) from NTM, and (3) undergo NTM identification test to confirm its type. Administration of treatment with the above results should be helpful in improving the patients' prognosis.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Distribution and Antimicrobial Resistance of Non-Tuberculous Mycobacteria during 2015∼2020: A Single-Center Study in Incheon, South Korea
    Jiwoo Kim, Hyo-Jin Ju, Jehyun Koo, Hyeyoung Lee, Hyeonhwan Park, Kyungcheol Song, Jayoung Kim
    The Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science.2021; 53(3): 225.     CrossRef
  • Study on the Prevalence of Lung Disease of Non-Tuberculosis Mycobacterium Isolated from Respiratory Specimens in Gwangju Second Hospital over the Last 10 Years
    Hae-Gyeong Baek
    The Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science.2020; 52(4): 349.     CrossRef
  • Recovery Rates of Non-Tuberculous Mycobacteria from Clinical Specimens Are Increasing in Korean Tertiary-Care Hospitals
    Namhee Kim, Jongyoun Yi, Chulhun L. Chang
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2017; 32(8): 1263.     CrossRef
Clinical Implications of Drug-Resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae as a Cause of Community Acquired Pneumonia.
Kyeong Cheol Shin
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2011;28(1):13-19.   Published online June 30, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2011.28.1.13
  • 1,424 View
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The emergence of antibiotic-resistant pathogens is a serious clinical problem in the treatment of infectious diseases that increase mortality, morbidity, hospitalization length, and the cost of healthcare. In particular, Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major etiologic pathogen of pneumonia, sinusitis, otitis media, and meningitis. As the definition of penicillin resistance to S. pneumoniae was recently changed, macrolide-resistant S. pneumoniae is a major resistant pathogen in the community. Infections caused by antibiotic-resistant strains are associated with incorrect use of antibiotics and critical clinical outcomes. For the appropriate use of antibiotics to treat infections, physicians always should have up-to-date information on the current epidemiologic status of antibiotic resistance for common pathogens and their susceptibility to antimicrobials. Appropriate selection of antimicrobials, strict control of infection, vaccination, and development of a feasible national policy of infection control are important strategies for the control of antimicrobial resistance. This review article focuses on the current status of antibiotic-resistant S. pneumoniae in community-acquired pneumonia in Korea.
A Case of Paragonimiasis Suspected Lung Cancer.
Yeong Ha Ryu, Dae Hyung Woo, Jung Eun Park, Hyun Jung Kim, Kyeong Cheol Shin, Jin Hong Chung, Kwan Ho Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2010;27(1):69-73.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2010.27.1.69
  • 1,743 View
  • 5 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
A paragonimiasis infestation is caused by the paragonimus species. Paragonimiasis mainly occurs by ingestion of raw or undercooked freshwater crabs or crayfish. In our country, the prevalence of paragonimiasis was high until late 1960s due to eating habits, but after the 1970s the prevalence of the disease has markedly decreased and now the disease is rarely seen. The diagnosis of tuberculosis by Chest X-ray is often confused with pulmonary carcinoma, bacillary and parasitic infections, and chronic mycosis. Pulmonary paragonimiasis must be considered in the differential diagnosis of lung cancer especially in the appropriate clinical setting because effective treatment with praziquantel can be rewarding. We report a case of a 58-year-old woman with pulmonary paragonimiasis that was suspicious for lung cancer, as detected by biopsy.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A Case of Delayed Diagnosis of Pulmonary Paragonimiasis due to Improvement after Anti-tuberculosis Therapy
    Suhyeon Lee, Yeonsil Yu, Jinyoung An, Jeongmin Lee, Jin-Sung Son, Young Kyung Lee, Sookhee Song, Hyeok Kim, Suhyun Kim
    Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases.2014; 77(4): 178.     CrossRef
A Case of Lymphangioleiomyomatosis in Lung.
Jung Eun Park, Hyun Jung Kim, Dae Hyung Woo, Yung Ha Ryu, Kwan Ho Lee, Jin Hong Chung, Kyeong Cheol Shin
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2010;27(1):63-68.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2010.27.1.63
  • 1,562 View
  • 3 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare, cystic lung disease that is associated with mutation in the tuberous sclerosis genes, renal angiomyolipomas, lymphatic spread and a remarkable female gender predilection. The pathology of LAM is represented by the proliferation of immature smooth muscle cells in the walls of airways, and venules and lymphatic vessels in the lung. The clinical course of LAM is characterized by progressive dyspnea on exertion, recurrent pneumothorax and collections of chylous fluid. The diagnosis of pulmonary LAM can be made on chest X-ray, a high-resolution CT scan and lung biopsy. We experienced a case of pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis in a 28-years-old female patient who had suffered from progressive dyspnea on exertion, so we report on it along with a brief review of the relevant literature.
A Case of Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis.
Dae Hyung Woo, Jung Eun Park, Yung Ha Ryu, Hyun Jung Kim, Kyeong Cheol Shin, Jin Hong Chung, Kwan Ho Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2010;27(1):57-62.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2010.27.1.57
  • 1,752 View
  • 3 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare disorder that's characterized by accumulation of surfactant components in the alveolar space. Idiopathic PAP is recognized as an autoimmune disease that's due to impaired alveolar macrophage function and this caused by autoantibodies against granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). We report here a case of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis that was deemed interstitial lung disease at the initial diagnosis. A 61-year-old man presented with intermittent blood tinged sputum and dyspnea on exertion. The man was a painter for 30 years and he had a 10 pack-years smoking history. Chest computerized tomography (CT) revealed multifocal ground-glass opacity with interstitial thickening at both lungs. His pulmonary function tests and methacholine test revealed non specific results. He was diagnosed with interstitial lung disease on the basis of the chest CT finding and occupational history. However, seven months later, his symptoms progressed. Follow-up chest CT was performed. Wedge resection via video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (the anterior basal segment of the left lower lobe) was done. Microscopic examination showed large groups of alveoli with excessive amounts of surfactant and a complex mixture of protein and lipid (fat) molecules. Finally, he was diagnosed as having pulmonary alveolar proteinosis.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis in a 15-year-old girl
    Yechan Kyung, Jihyun Kim, Hong Kwan Kim, Joungho Han, Kangmo Ahn
    Allergy, Asthma & Respiratory Disease.2015; 3(1): 86.     CrossRef
Eosinophilic Myositis Induced by Anti-tuberculosis Medication.
Hyun Jung Kim, Jung Eun Park, Yeong Ha Ryu, Dae Hyung Woo, Kyeong Cheol Shin, Jin Hong Chung, Kwan Ho Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2010;27(1):42-46.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2010.27.1.42
  • 1,646 View
  • 3 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Eosinophilic myositis is a rare idiopathic inflammatory muscle disease, and the patients with this malady present with diverse signs and symptoms such as muscle swelling, tenderness, pain, weakness, cutaneous lesions and eosinophilia. The etiology and pathogenesis of eosinophilic myositis remain elusive. Several drugs may occasionally initiate an immune mediated inflammatory myopathy, including eosinophilic myositis. We report here on a case a 17-year-old female patient who had taken anti-tuberculosis medicine for tuberculosis pleurisy. She presented with many clinical manifestations, including fever, skin rash, proximal muscle weakness, dyspnea, dysphagia and hypereosinophilia. She was diagnosed with eosinophilic myositis by the pathologic study. The muscle weakness progressed despite of stopping the anti-tuberculosis medicine, but the myositis promptly improved following the administration of glucocorticoid. Although drug induced myopathies may be uncommon, if a patient presents with muscular symptoms, then physicians have to consider the possibility of drug induced myopathies.
A Case of Polyarteritis Nodosa Associated with Pulmonary Tuberculosis.
Chang Woo Son, Jeong Hwan Cho, In Wook Song, Jung Eun Park, Kyeong Cheol Shin, Jin Hong Chung, Kwan Ho Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2009;26(2):130-136.   Published online December 31, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2009.26.2.130
  • 1,728 View
  • 11 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a systemic necrotizing vasculitis that typically affects the medium-sized muscular arteries, with occasional involvement of the small muscular arteries. As with other vasculitides, PAN can affect any organ system, including the cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and central nervous systems. The prognosis for patients with untreated PAN is relatively poor, with five-year survival rates of approximately 13 percent. The outcome has improved with proper therapy to approximately 80 percent survival at five years. We report here on a case of a 46 year old man with polyarteritis nodosa and who suffered from pulmonary tuberculosis.
A Case of Varicella Pneumonia Associated with Chickenpox in Immunocompetent Patient.
Won Jong Park, Sung Ken Yu, Kyeong Cheol Shin, Jin Hong Chung, Kwan Ho Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2007;24(2):339-343.   Published online December 31, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2007.24.2.339
  • 1,451 View
  • 0 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Varicella is a contagious infection in childhood disease typically affecting children aged 2-8 years and usually follows benign outcome. In the adult, clinical presentation is more severe and more commonly associated with complications. Varicella pneumonia, although rare, is a potentially life-threatening complication that should be suspected in any adult with varicella and respiratory symptoms. We report a case of varicella pneumonia in immunocompetent patient. The characteristic radiographic findings consisted of diffuse scattered coarse nodular infiltrations, less than 1cm sized, with ground glass opacity and consolidation in both lung fields. The patients was started on intravenous acyclovir. The chest radiograph performed 2 weeks later showed complete resolution of the pulmonary lesions.
A Case of Gefitinib (Iressa(R))-associated Tumor Lysis Syndrome in Adenocarcinoma of the Lung.
Kyu Jin Kim, Won Jong Park, Sung Ken Yu, Kyeong Cheol Shin, Jin Hong Chung, Myung Soo Hyun, Kwan Ho Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2006;23(2):221-226.   Published online December 31, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2006.23.2.221
  • 1,398 View
  • 3 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The tumor lysis syndrome has been described as biochemical disturbances associated with rapid destruction of tumor cells and subsequent synchronized massive release of cellular breakdown products sufficient to overwhelm excretory mechanisms and the body's normal reutilization capacity. The cardinal signs of the tumor lysis syndrome are hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia, hypocalcemia and hyperuricemia. Gefitinib (Iressa) is an oral, selective epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor that has activity in female, non-smoker and non-small cell lung cancer with an EGFR mutation. Gefitinib is a well tolerated drug with few side effects. It has been associated with skin rash, diarrhea, nausea, a decrease in liver function and interstitial lung disease. However, there is no prior report of the tumor lysis syndrome associated with gefitinib. We report a case of a 54 year-old woman who developed tumor lysis syndrome that might have been induced by gefitinib after the treatment of adenocarcinoma of lung with an EGFR mutation.
The Usefulness of Integrated PET/CT to Distinguish between Benignancy and Malignancy in Solitary Pulmonary Nodule.
Won Jong Park, Dong Hee Kim, Sung Ken Yu, Kyeong Cheol Shin, Jin Hong Chung, Kwan Ho Lee, Kyung Ah Chun, Ihn Ho Cho
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2006;23(2):205-212.   Published online December 31, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2006.23.2.205
  • 1,472 View
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Malignant pulmonary nodules account for about 30 to 40 percent of solitary pulmonary nodules (SPN). Therefore, tissue characterization of SPNs is very important. Recently, PET/CT has been widely used for tissue characterization, and has become of importance. The purpose of this study was to compare and to assess multiple factors in PET/CT comparing benign and malignant nodules. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Nineteen patients with SPN underwent PET/CT and biopsy. The difference of standardized uptake value 1 (SUV1), standardized uptake value 2 (SUV2) and retention index in PET/CT between malignancy and benignancy were compared by Levene's test. RESULT: There were twelve malignant and seven benign nodules. SUV1 and SUV2 were significantly different between malignant nodule and benign nodule (p=0.006 and 0.022), but retention index was not significantly different between malignant nodule and benign nodule (p=0.526). By receiver-operating-characteristic (ROC) analysis, the sensitivity was 66.7% and the specificity was 71.4% at a cut off value of 5.40 in SUV1. The sensitivity was 75% and the specificity was 71.4% at cut off value of 7.45 in SUV2. CONCLUSION: There was a statistically significant difference in SUV1 and SUV2 between benign and malignant nodules. However, the cut off value of SUV1 and SUV2 by receiver-operating-characteristic (ROC) analysis was 5.40 and 7.45 which is different from previous studies. Therefore, studies on a larger sample of patients are required for confirmation.
A Case of Microscopic Polyangiitis with Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage.
Sang Jin Lee, Jae Woung Lee, Hye Jin Kim, Kyeong Cheol Shin, Jin Hong Chung, Kwan Ho Lee, Hye Jung Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2004;21(1):101-107.   Published online June 30, 2004
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2004.21.1.101
  • 1,482 View
  • 3 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage is a rare but serious and frequently life-threatening complication of a variety of conditions. The first goal in the management of patients with diffuse alveolar hemorrhage is to achieve or preserve stability of the respiratory status. Subsequently, the differential diagnosis is aimed at the identification of a remediable cause of the alveolar hemorrhage. The most common causes of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage with glomerulonephritis are microscopic polyangiitis and Wegener's granulomatosis, followed by Goodpasture syndrome and systemic lupus erythematosus. Microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) is a distinct systemic small vessle vasculitis affecting small sized vessels with few or no immune deposits and with no granulomatosus inflammation. The disease may involve multiple organs such as kidney, lung, skin, joint, muscle, gastrointestinal tract, eye, and nervous system. MPA is strongly associated with antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA) that is a useful serological diagnostic marker for the most common form of necrotizing vasculitis. Our report concerns a case of microscopic polyangiitis with diffuse alveolar hemorrhage in a 54-year-old man. He was admitted to our hospital due to dyspnea upon exertion and recurrent hemoptysis. Laboratory findings showed hematuria, proteinuria and deterioration of renal function. In the chest CT scan, diffuse ground glass appearance was seen in both lower lungs. A lung biopsy revealed small vessel vasculitis with intraalveolar hemorrhage and showed a positive reaction to against perinuclear ANCA. The patient was treated with prednisolone and cyclophosphamide. Chest infiltration decreased and hemoptysis and hypoxia improved. He is still being followed up in our hospital with a low dose of prednisolone.
Effect of Neutrophil Elastase inhibitor, ICI 200,355, on Interleukin-1 Induced acute lung injury in rats.
Jin Hong Chung, Yeung Chul Mun, Hye Jung Park, Kyeong Cheol Shin, Kwan Ho Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2002;19(1):55-62.   Published online June 30, 2002
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2002.19.1.55
  • 1,460 View
  • 0 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) and neutrophil appear to contribute to the pathogenesis of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Elastase, as well as reactive oxygen species released from activated neutrophil, are thought to play pivotal roles in the experimental models of acute lung leak. This study investigated whether ICI 200,355, a synthetic elastase inhibitor, can attenuate acute lung injury induced by IL-1 in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We intratracheally instilled either saline or IL-1 with and without treatment of ICI 200,355 in rats. Lung lavage neutrophils, lung lavage cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant(CINC) concentration, lung lavage protein concentration, lung myeloperoxidase(MPO) activity and lung leak index were measured at 5 hours of intratracheal treatment. RESULTS: In rats given IL-1 intratracheally, lung lavage neutrophils, lung lavage CINC concentration, lung lavage protein concentration, lung MPO activity and lung leak index were higher. Intratracheal ICI 200,355 administration decreased lung lavage neutrophils, lung MPO activity and lung leak index, respectively, but did not decreased lung lavage CINC concentration. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that ICI 200,355 decreases lung inflammation and leak without decreasing lung lavage CINC concentration in rats given IL-1 intratracheally.
A Case of Nonfunctioning Paraganglioma of the Posterior Mediastinum.
Young Chul Mun, Sung Keun Yu, Hye Jung Park, Kyeong Cheol Shin, Choong Ki Lee, Jin Hong Chung, Kwan Ho Lee, Mee Jin Kim, Jung Cheul Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2000;17(2):155-160.   Published online December 31, 2000
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2000.17.2.155
  • 1,458 View
  • 3 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Paraganglioma is a tumor from the extra adrenal paraganglion system and is rarely observed in the mediastinum. The authors experienced a case of nonfunctioning paraganglioma of the posterior mediastinum. The patient was 34-years-old male in whom abnormal mass lesion was nites in chest radiograph with hemoptysis. His blood pressure and serologic examination were within normal range upon admission to our hospital. Chest CT revealed a tumor in the left lower lobe. Diagnostic thoracoscopy was performed and diagnosed a posterior mediastinal mass. Surgical resection was them performed. Posterior mediastinal mass was removed successfully and histological examination of the surgical specimen diagnosed paraganglioma. He received radiotherapy after surgery and was followed up. Related literature are reviewed.
The Clinical Effects of Cefpirome for the Treatment of Acute Lower Respiratory Infection.
Kyeong Cheol Shin, Young Hoon Hong, Eun Young Lee, Ki Do Park, Sung Dong Kim, Jin Hong Chung, Choong Ki Lee, Kwan Ho Lee, Cha Kyung Sung, Hyun Woo Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1999;16(2):219-227.   Published online December 31, 1999
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1999.16.2.219
  • 1,641 View
  • 6 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
In contrast to a healthy person, patients who have acute lower pespiratory tract infection with underlying pulmonary diseases have various pathogens, a rapidly progressie downhill course, and a poor response to prior antimicrobial therapy. Broad spectrum antivacterial therapy is needed for full evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of cefpirome, we administered 1gm cefpirome, twice a day to 30 patients who had signs and symptoms of acute lower repiratory infection regardless of their underlying disease, except to those who had an allergic history to antibiotics or severe systemic diseases. RESULTS: The results were as follows : 1) Among 30 cases, 21 cases(70.0%) showed excellent improvement, and 7 cases(23.3%) showed good improvement in their symptoms and signs of acute lower respiratory infection. 2) In 14 cases with isolated pathogens, we observed bacteriologic eradication in 11 cases(78.6%). 3) Significant side effects were not found CONCLUSION: Above results suggest that cefpirome was effective as a monotherapy in patients with acute lower respriatory infection, especially on those with as underlying chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD).
A Clinical study on the Hypercalcemia in Primary Bronchogenic Carcinoma.
Hye Jung Park, Kyeong Cheol Shin, Young Chul Moon, Jin Hong Chung, Kwan Ho Lee, Cha Kyung Sung, Hyun Woo Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1999;16(2):208-218.   Published online December 31, 1999
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1999.16.2.208
  • 1,316 View
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Lung cancer-associated hypercalcemia is one of the most disabling and life-threatening paraneoplastic desorders. Humoral hypercalcemia is responsible for most lung cancer-associated hypercalcemia. Patients with hypercalcemia are usually in the advenced atage with obvious bulky tumor and carry a poor prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Total 29 patients satisfied the following criteria: histologically proven primary lung cancer, corrected calcium level> or =10.5 mg/dL, and symptons which could possibly be attributed to hypercalcemia. In this retrospective study, we evalluated the various clinical aspects of hypercalcemia, in relation to cancer stage, histologic cell type, mass size, bone metastasis, performance status, and other possible characteristics RESULTS: Total 29 lung cancer patients with hypercalcemia were studied, and most of them had squamous cell carcinoma in their histologic finding. The incidence of hypercalcemia was significantly higher between 50 and 69 years of age, and in the advancement of cancer stage. Although serum calcium level showed positive correlation with mass size, performance statusm and bone ore frequent in the patients with higher serum calcium level. There were no differences in effectiveness among therapeutic regimens. Hypercalcemia was more frequently in the later stage of disease than during the initial diagnosis of lung cancer. Most of the patients died within 1 month after development of hypercalcemia. CONCLUSION: We concluded that hypercalcemia in lung cancer is related to extremely poor prognosis, and may be one of the causes of drath and should be treated aggressively to prevent sudden deterioration or death.
The Clinical Effect of Sparfloxacin for the Treatment of Acute Respiratory Infection.
Hak Jun Lee, Hye Jung Park, Chang Jin Shin, Kyeong Cheol Shin, Jin Hong Chung, Kwan Ho Lee, Hyun Woo Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1998;15(2):246-253.   Published online December 31, 1998
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1998.15.2.246
  • 1,442 View
  • 2 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Sparfloxacin is a new synthetic quinolone antimicrobial developed at the Research Laboratories of Dainippon Pharmaceutical Co, Ltd. To evaluate the efficacy and safty of sparfloxacin in acute pulmonary infection, we administered sparfloxacina(100mg) twice in a day to 30 patients who had sign and symptoms of acute pulmonary infectious diseases regardless of their underlying lung disease for 7 days. The results were : 1) A total 30 patients were enrolled in the trial. Among them 24 cases(80%) had underlying lung problems such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(36.4%), bronchiectasis(36.4%), bronchial asthma(3.3%), lung cancer(3.3%). 2) In 26 cases(86.6%), we observed effective improvement, and 4 cases(13.4%) show mildly effective improvement of symptoms and signs of respiratory infection. 3) In 23 cases(73.4%), we observed bacteriological eradication in culture or decreased the number of bacteria in Gram stain which found dominantly in previous Gram stain. 4) The significant side effect was not noted. The above results suggest that sparfloxacin was effective as a first line therapy in patients with acute respiratory infection.
Hyperinfection of strongyloides stercoralis.
Kyeong Cheol Shin, Jun Ha Chun, Chan Weon Park, Choong Ki Lee, Hyun Woo Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1993;10(2):518-524.   Published online December 31, 1993
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1993.10.2.518
  • 1,305 View
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Strongylodiasis is universal in distribution but is most abundant in countries with a tropical climate. Although infestation by Strongyloides stercoralis is usually limited to the intestines, dessemination of this helminth in debilitated host can be lead to death with various clinical disorders. characterized by profound malabsorption, diarrhea, electrolyte imbalance, gram negative or opportunistic fungal sepsis, coma and death. Cell-mediated immunity contributing significantly to the control of helminthic infections, may be suppressed by carcinoma, immunosuppressive chemotherapy and use of corticosteroids. Diagnosis of Strongyloidiasis is achieved by an examination of samples of feces, duodenal aspirates and sputum of patients for Strongyloides stercoralis. Treatment of strongyloidiasis is twofold : correction of the immunosuppressive state by withdrawal of immunosuppressive drug, if possible, and vigorous treatment with thiabendazole. Testing for strongyloidiasis is especially recommanded before treating a patients should be monitored for infection by Strongyloides stercoralis and other opportunistic infection. We are reporting a case patient with Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection and pulmonary tuberculosis who had been. used corticosteroid for persisting polyarthritis.

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science