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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Kei Won Song 7 Articles
Activation and Abnormalities of Cell Cycle Regulating Factor in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cell Lines: Abnormal Expression of CDKN2 Gene in Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
Si Youn Song, Tae Hee Han, Chang Hoon Bai, Yong Dae Kim, Kei Won Song
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2005;22(2):166-182.   Published online December 31, 2005
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2005.22.2.166
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitors are family of molecules that regulate the cell cycle. The CDKN2, a CDK4 inhibitor, also called p16, has been implicated in human tumorigenesis. The CDKN2 inhibits the cyclin/CDK complexes which regulate the transition from G1 to S phase of cell cycle. There is a previous report that homozygous deletion of CDKN2 region on chromosome 9p21 was detected frequently in astrocytoma, glioma and osteosarcoma, less frequently in lung cancer, leukemia and ovarian cancer, but not detected in colon cancer and neuroblastoma. However, little is known about the relationship between CDKN2 and laryngeal cancer. Therefore this study was initiated to investigate the role of CDKN2 in human laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used 5 human laryngeal carcinoma cell lines whether they have deletions or losses of CDKN2 gene expression by DNA-PCR or RT-PCR, respectively. We examined 8 fresh frozen human laryngeal cancer tissues to detect the loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of CDKN2. PCR was performed by using microsatellite markers of short arm of human chromosome 9 (D9S126, D9S144, D9S156, D9S161, D9S162, D9S166, D9S171, D9S200 and D9SIFNA). For informative cases, allelic loss was scored if the signal of one allele was significantly decreased in tumor DNA when compared to the same allele in normal DNA. RESULTS: The CDKN2 DNA deletion was observed in 3 cell lines. The CDKN2 mRNA expression was observed in only one cell line, which was very weak. LOH was detected in 7 cases (87.5%). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that CDKN2 plays a role in the carcinogenesis of human laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma.
Treatment Outcomes of Septoplasty with Turbinate Surgery in Septal Deviation with Chronic Hypertrophic Rhinitis.
Yong Dae Kim, Bo Su Suh, Gil Sung Cho, Si Youn Song, Seok Keun Yoon, Kei Won Song
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2001;18(2):199-207.   Published online December 31, 2001
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2001.18.2.199
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Septoplasty with turbinate surgery is common surgical treatment in patients with septal deviation and chronic hypertrophic rhinitis. The aim of this study was to evaluation objective outcomes of septoplasty with turbinate surgery by analysis of subjective symptom score with objective acoustic rhinometric test before and after surgery, prospectively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 45 adult patients which were done septoplasty with bilateral turbinectomy or turbinoplasty and followed up at least 3 months by one rhinologist from November 1999 to April 2000, prospectively. We analyzed subjective symptom score, minimal cross-sectional area (MCA), C-notch cross-sectional area, and total volume of both nasal cavity before and after surgery. Correlation test was studied between symptom improvement and acoustic rhinometric results. RESULTS: Twenty nine cases were male and sixteen cases female. The average age was 26.9 year-old (range: 17 to 57 years). There was significantly improvement of symptom score in postoperative 3 months (p<0.05). There was significantly increased C-notch cross-sectional area and total volume in postoperative 3 months. Symptoms improvement were associated with acoustic rhinometric profiles, but, there was not significantly correlation. CONCLUSION: Septoplasty with turbinate surgery is considered to be effective for nasal obstruction in patients with septal deviation and turbinate hypertrophy. Acoustic rhinometric test is favorable objective test for evaluation of symptom improvement after septal surgery.
In Vitro Culture of Human Nasal Epithelial Cells by Monolayer Culture of Dissociated Cells.
Yong Dae Kim, Si Youn Song, Myung Ki Min, Jang Su Suh, Kei Won Song, Ho Sun Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1998;15(2):286-296.   Published online December 31, 1998
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1998.15.2.286
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Different techniques for culturing respiratory epithelial cells have been developed to overcome the limitations of studies on in vivo and on bioptic material. Traditionally, culture systems are divided into organ cultures, explant cultures and dissociated cell cultures. The first two contain both epithelial and non-epithelial cells. However, in monolayer cultures of dissociated cells only epithelial cells are present, the effects observed are caused by a pure epithelial responses. The purpose of this study is to establish primary culture method of human nasal epithelium (HNEC) by monolayer culture of dissociated cells to evaluate the role of the epithelial cells in the allergic and non-allergic nasal inflammatory reactions. HNEC was prepared by primary culture method of monolayer culture of dissociated cells from human inferior nasal turbinate mucosa of septal deviation patients. Primary cultured cells were characterized by indirect immunofluorescence assay and transmission electron microscopy. The immunoreactivities of cytokeratin-pan and cytokeratin No. 8 were observed in cultured HNEC. However, the immnoreactivities of vimentin and von Willebrand factor were not observed in cultured HNEC. The tonofilaments and desmosome were observed in cultured HNEC. The cultured epithelial cells were identified to be pure nasal epithelial cells. The monolayer culture of dissociated cells could successfully be employed for further study to investigate the role of the epithelial cells in allergic or non-allergic nasal inflammatory diseases.
A case of otopalatodigital syndrome.
Kyeong Jong Choi, Sung Hyung Lee, Sun Jin Eun, Kei Won Song
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1991;8(1):246-251.   Published online June 30, 1991
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1991.8.1.246
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AbstractAbstract PDF
In 1962, a case of “generalized skeletal dysplasia with multiple anomalies” was reported by Taybi as a new clinical syndrome. The most characteristic features of the syndrome seemed to be hearing loss, cleft palate and peculiar digital anomalies, so, the syndrome designated as otopalatodigital syndrome by Dudding, et al. Recently, the authors have experienced a case of OPD syndrome who visited Yeungnam University Hospital with the chief complaint of hypernasality, and underwent pharyngoplasty for correction of VPI. We present here a new case and review the literature on the subject.
Clincal Effect of Ketotifen in Allergic Rhinitis.
Sun Jin Eun, Yong Dae Kim, Mun Heum Park, Jang Su Suh, Kei Won Song
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1990;7(1):105-112.   Published online June 30, 1990
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1990.7.1.105
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Ketotifen, a benzocycloheptathiophene, has an orally effective antiallergic as well as antihistaminic properties. In pervious studies, Ketotifen has shown encouraging results on patient with allergic rhinitis, either perennial or seasonal. 39 patients with allergic rhinitis had been treated with Ketotifen 1 mg twice daily for 8 weeks. And we obtained following results. 1) The efficacy rate in sneezing attack was 73.5%, in nasal discharge 71%, in nasal obstruction 58%. 2) Some improvements in at least one of three-major symptoms were noted within 1 week in 30.7%, within 2 weeks in 55.8%, within 3 weeks in 66.7%, within 8 weeks in 87.2%. 3) Physical findings such as colour, swelling of turbinate, character of rhinorrhea were not improved significantly. 4) Side effect was observed only in one patient with abdominal pain and diarrhea, which was subsided after interruption of administration. These results suggested that Ketotifen was effective in treatment of allergic rhinitis.
Evaluation of The Neck Mass.
Kei Won Song, Seok Keun Yoon, Byung Heun Choi
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1986;3(1):1-11.   Published online December 31, 1986
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1986.3.1.1
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AbstractAbstract PDF
As public awareness of the various warning signs of malignancy increases, so does the concern evoked by the self identified finding of mass in the head and neck area. Not all the palpable masses are always significantly abnormal, but any nontender mass especially to the adult is significant enough to warrant further full investigation and follow up, the object of which should be to determine the possibility of malignancy and urgency of treatment. Approach to the diagnosis of the neck mass is so important in that it affects decision regarding further evaluation would lead to the determination of the most efficacious mode of therapy, eventually to the good prognosis. So, it should be emphasized that approach to the diagnosis of neck mass should be planned, systematic and thorough, this begins with the taking careful history following performance of complete examination of the head and neck especially to the nasopharynx, tongue base, pyriform sinus, palatine tonsil and larynx. Then a number of laboratory and radiologic studies are available, following triple endoscopy under general anesthesia and blind biopsy if needed. The most important rule to keep is that any biopsy procedures should be delayed to the last modality of effort to the diagnosis and if it should be done, under the plan of radical neck dissection.
A Case of Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma.
Kei Won Song, Seok Keun Yoon, Young Sik Park
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1984;1(1):191-197.   Published online December 31, 1984
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1984.1.1.191
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma is a relatively rare, but is a well known tumor that occurs almost in male, most frequently during the adolescent stage. Its character is histologically benign but clinically malignant because of locally invasive character to the adjascent structures, massive bleeding tendency during surgical procedure and high recurrence rate after treatment. Recently many advancements diagnostic method and surgical technique has reached satisfactory result in treating this difficult tumor. The authors present a case of nasopharyngeal angiofibroma in 16 years old male patient, who was received surgical removal of the tumor through the transpalatal approach after full diagnostic evaluation and preoperative hormonal therapy.

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science