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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Jong Sun Park 6 Articles
Parasympathetic Modulation Plays a Key Role in Initiation of Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation.
Won Jae Lee, Dong Gu Shin, Geu Ru Hong, Jong Sun Park, Young Jo Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2007;24(2):216-231.   Published online December 31, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2007.24.2.216
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
An acceleration or deceleration of the heart rate (HR), which reflects autonomic effects, is observed before the onset of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). The purpose of this study was to assess the discrepancy in the autonomic interactions before the onset of PAF for different patterns of change in the HR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 105 Holter tapes with the PAF recorded, 55 episodes (42 patients, 34 men, 58+/-12 years) of PAF (>5 min), preceded by a sinus rhythm for more than 1 hour, were selected and submitted to time-domain and frequency-domain HR variability analyses. Fifty-five episodes were divided into 2 groups: group A PAF (n=30) with acceleration of the HR during the last 2 minutes before the PAF and group B (n=25) with deceleration of the HR. RESULTS: A significant linear decrease in the mean R-R interval was observed in group A (924+/-30 to 835+/-28 ms, P=0.001) and an increase from 831+/-32 to 866+/-31 ms in group B PAF episodes (P=0.046). In the frequency-domain analyses, the LF/HF ratio exhibited a progressive linear increase before the PAF in group A (P=0.005). The HF normalized units (HFnu) and natural logarithm-transformed HF (lnHF) values decreased from 30.8+/-4.0 to 16.1+/-1.8 (P=0.003) and 4.49+/-0.25 to 4.07+/-0.22 (P=0.001), respectively. Contrary to the results in group A, a significant increase in the HF components (HFnu and lnHF) (from 22.6+/-3.2 to 30.2+/-4.0, P=0.005, and 4.27+/-0.27 to 4.75 0.33, P=0.001, respectively) and a resultant decrease in the LF/HF ratio were observed in group B PAF episodes. No significant changes were observed in the LF components in either PAF group. CONCLUSION: Autonomic stimuli leading to an acceleration or deceleration of the HR before the onset of AF are due to parasympathetic modulation. Parasympathetic modulation plays a key role in the initiation of PAF
Evaluation of short-term Hypolipidemic Effect and Safety of Simvastatin(Zocor(R)) in Patients with Hyperlipidemia.
Min Kyoung Kim, Yong Ho Park, Jong sun Park, Dong Gu Shin, Young Jo Kim, Gi Sik Kim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2003;20(2):152-159.   Published online December 31, 2003
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2003.20.2.152
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Hyperlipidemia is the one of the major risk factors causing the atherosclerosis of coronary arteries. Treatment of hyperlipidemia with drugs has been confirmed the effects of therapy showing a decreased incidence of coronary artery disease. Simvastatin is a new drug of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors and the short-term hypolipidemic effects and safety of simvastatin is evaluated in patients with hyperlipidemia. METHODS: We studied 63 patients (39 males and 24 females, mean age 58) for 12 weeks whose plasma levels of total cholesterol were higher than 240 mg/dL or higher than 220 mg/dL with ischemic heart disease. Simvastatin was administered 20 mg/day and measured lipid profile at 12 week interval. RESULT: 1)Simvastatin significantly reduced the level of the plasma total cholesterol(-29.3%), LDL- cholesterol(-36.9%) and triglyceride(-13%)(p<0.05) but the level of HDL-cholesterol was not changed after 12 weeks simvastatin therapy. 2)the clinical symptoms and laboratory examination before and after simvastatin treatment showed no particular abnormal findings in short term follow up. CONCLUSION: These results suggested that short-term simvastatin therapy in patients with hyperlipidemia seeems to be very effective and safe.

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  • A Population Pharmacokinetic–Pharmacodynamic Model for Simvastatin that Predicts Low‐Density Lipoprotein‐Cholesterol Reduction in Patients with Primary Hyperlipidaemia
    Jimyon Kim, Byung‐Jin Ahn, Hong‐Seok Chae, Seunghoon Han, Kichan Doh, Jeongeun Choi, Yong K. Jun, Yong W. Lee, Dong‐Seok Yim
    Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology.2011; 109(3): 156.     CrossRef
Development of Data Acquisition System for Quantification of Autonomic Nervous System Activity and It's Clinic Use.
Dong Gu Shin, Jong Sun Park, Young Jo Kim, Bong Sup Shim, Sang Hak Lee, Jun Ha Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2001;18(1):39-50.   Published online June 30, 2001
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2001.18.1.39
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Power spectrum analysis method is a powerful noninvasive tool for quantifying autonomic nervous system activity. In this paper, we developed a data acquistion system for estimating the activity of the autonomic nervous system by the analysis of heart rate and respiratory rate variability using power spectrum analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For the detection of QRS peak and measurement of respiratory rate from patient's ECG, we used low-pass filter and impedence method respectively. This system adopt an isolated power for patient's safety. In this system, two output signnals can be obtained: R-R interval(heart rate) and respiration rate time series. Experimental ranges are 30-240 BPM for ECG and 15-80 BPM for respiration. RESULTS: The system can acquire two signals accurately both in the experimental test using simulator and in real clinical setting. CONCLUSION: The system developed in this paper if efficient for the acquisition of heart rate and respiration signals. The system will play a role in research area for improving our understanding of the pathophysiologic involvement of the autonomic nervous system in various disease states.
Primary Cardiac Lymphoma: Case Report.
Jun Ho Bae, Jong Suk Lee, Hyung Jun Kim, Min Kyung Kim, Young Ho Park, Gue Ru Hong, Jong Sun Park, Dong Gu Sin, Young Jo Kim, Bong Sup Sim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2000;17(1):82-86.   Published online June 30, 2000
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2000.17.1.82
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Primary cardiac lymphoma defined as involving only the heart and pericardium, is very rare and is diagnosed predominantly late in the course of illness or autopsy. This tumor is commonly fatal and until recently were rarely diagnosed antemortem. Recently, it was reported in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. We report a case of primary cardiac lymphoma in a 56 year old female who showed progressive exertional dyspnea. On echocardiogram and CT scan, large ill defined mass was demonstrated in right atrial and ventricular wall. It was diagnosed as B-cell type lymphoma on open cardiac biopsy.
Dual-Isotope SPECT Imaging with Thallium-201 and Technetium-99m MIBI in Detecting Coronary Artery Disease.
Gyu Gwang Lee, Ihn Ho Cho, Hyoung Woo Lee, Jong Sun Park, Kyu Chang Won, Dong Gu Sin, Young Jo Kim, Bong Sup Shim
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1999;16(1):101-107.   Published online June 30, 1999
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1999.16.1.101
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We evaluated the results of sequential SPECT dual-isotope imaging with Tl-201 and Tc-99m MIBI in 24 patients, all of whom also had coronary angiography within the past one month. Coronary angiography showed that 12 patients had no CAD, 4 patients had one-vessel CAD, 7 patients had two-vessel CAD and 1 patient had three-vessel CAD. Serial studies of resting Tl-201 and dipyridamole stress Tc-99m MIBI were completed within 2 hours. When more then 50% of coronary artery narrowing was considered significant. The overall sensitivity and specification of CAD detection were 91.7%. The sensitivity of CAD detection in patients with one-vessel and multi-vessel diseases was 75% and 100%, respectively. Therefore, sequential dual-isotope SPECT demonstrated high sensitivity and specificity of CAD detection. In conclusion, sequential dual-isotope imaging is feasible and can be completed in a short time and may therefore enhance laboratory throughput and patient convenience.
Clinical Observations of the Solitary Pulmonary Nodules.
Jin Woo Roh, Byeong Ik Jang, Jong Sun Park, Jin Hong Chung, Hyung Woo Lee, Kwan Ho Lee, Hyun Woo Lee, Jung Cheul Lee, Sung Sae Han
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1990;7(2):141-149.   Published online December 31, 1990
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1990.7.2.141
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The authors conducted a clinical observation of 55 cases of solitary pulmonary nodules at Yeungnam University Hospital from June 1986 to October 1990, and the following results were obtained: 1. The age distribution was ranged from 18 to 77 years, and the male-to female ratio was 1.8:1. 2. Among 55 cases of nodules, 28 cases were benign and 27 cases were malignant nodules, and of malignant nodules, the primary lung cancer was 23 cases and of benign nodules, 18 cases were tuberculoma. 3. 23 cases (41.8%) was asymptomatic and the other 32 cases were symptomatic; chest pain 12 cases, hemoptysis; 8 cases, cough; 8 cases and dyspnea; 4 cases. 4. The non-smoker-to-smoker ratio was 1:1.04, but among 23 smoker over 20 pack years, 14 cases were malignant nodules. 5. According to nodular size, there is no striking differences between benign and malignant nodules except 3-4 cm sized nodules. 6. The lobar distribution of nodules, 35 cases were in the right lung (upper lobe; 14 cases, middle lobe; 11 cases, and lower lobe; 10 cases) and 23 cases were in the left lung (upper lobe; 9 cases, lower lobe; 11 cases), and the malignant nodules were most commonly observed in the right upper lung.

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science