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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Jong Ho Kim 8 Articles
Recurrent thymic carcinoid tumor in familial isolated primary hyperparathyroidism.
Jeong Eun Song, Mu Hyun Shon, Ga Young Kim, Da Young Lee, Jung Hun Lee, Jong Ho Kim, Ho Sang Shon, Ji Hyun Lee, Eon Ju Jeon, Eui Dal Jung
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2014;31(2):131-134.   Published online December 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2014.31.2.131
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Familial isolated primary hyperparathyroidism(FIPH) is associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) syndrome, primary hyperparathyroidism accompanied by jaw-tumor syndrome, and familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia. FIPH may be an early stage of MEN1 or an allelic variant of MEN1. Thymic carcinoid tumor is a rare tumor in MEN1 syndrome. Here, the authors report the case of a 40-year-old man diagnosed with recurrent thymic carcinoid tumor and FIPH. Both the patient and his elder sister had been previously diagnosed to have FIPH with a novel frameshift mutation in the MEN1 gene. Initially, the patient underwent thymectomy because of an incidental finding of a mediastinal mass in his chest X-ray, and had remained asymptomatic over the following 4 years. Pancreas computed tomography conducted to evaluate MEN1 syndrome revealed anterior and middle mediastinal masses, and resultantly, massive mass excision was performed. Histological findings disclosed atypical carcinoids with infiltrative margins. In view of the thymic carcinoid tumor relapse that occurred in this patient, the authors recommend that regular pancreas and pituitary imaging studies be conducted for FIPH associated with a MEN1 gene mutation.
The Effects of Ethanol on Cholinesterase Inactivation by Organophosphorous.
Hyoung Chul Choi, Jong Ho Kim, Jeoung Hee Ha, Kwang Yoon Lee, Won Joon Kim, Hyun Jae Woo, Chang Uk Huh, Soo Min Son, Eun Jin Chun
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1999;16(2):326-332.   Published online December 31, 1999
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1999.16.2.326
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
In korea the agricultural community widely uses organophosphorous, and organophosphorous poisonings are increasing every year. We compared change in activity of acetylcholinesterase and pseudocholinesterase by organophosphorous and by the interaction of ethanol and organophosphorous. We also compared the effect of reversible anticholinesterase drugs, physostigmine and neostigmine. The object of this study is to investigate the effects of several anticholinesterase drugs and on how ethanol influences the activity of cholinesterase. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen male university students were randomly selected, and blood samples were taken from the antecubital vein. The acetylcholinesterase in the RBC and the pseudocholinesterase in the serum were extracted and separated. The enzyme activity change was measured by the electrometric method. After adding acetylcholine, the pH change was measured with a pH meter. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that reversible anticholinesterase drugs decreased the cholinesterase activity more efficiently than organophosphorous. The acetyl cholinesterase and pseudocholinosterase activity were decreased by ethanol. When ethanol was added, oxime a cholinesterase activator, increased acetylcholinesterase activity but dose not increased pseudocholinesterase activity.
The Effects of Anticholinesterase Drugs on Gastric Motility.
Hyoung Chul Choi, Jong Ho Kim, Jeoung Hee Ha, Kwang Yoon Lee, Won Joon Kim, Dong Suk Kwak, Sung Hee Kim, Phil Hyun Song, Ji Hyun Yeo
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1999;16(2):318-325.   Published online December 31, 1999
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1999.16.2.318
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Anticholinesterase drug inhibits acetylcholinesterase(AChE), induce accumulation of acetylcholine(ACh) near cholinergic receptors and cholinergic stimulation. This experiment was performed to study the effects of anticholinesterase drugs on gastric motility and the effect of ethanal on anticholinesterase drug-induced motility change. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After excision of stomach, 2x10mm circular musele strips were made, which were then fixed to the isolated muscle chamber. An isometric tension transducer was used to measure the contraction change of the gastric smooth muscle strips after drug addition. RESULTS: Fenthion, and irreversible anticholinesterase drug, increased ACh induced contraction of gastric smooth muscle strips and PAM, a cholinesterase activator, antagnized this action. Physostigmine, a reversible anticholinesterase drug, also increased the ACh induced contraction. The gastric motility was decreased by PAM. Ethanol, which is known to induce smooth muscle relaxation, inhibited the increase of contraction by fenthion. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that irreversible and reversible anticholinesterase drugs increase gastric motility and antagonized by cholinesterase activating drugs. And when exposed to both ethanol and anticholinesterase drug, gastric motility was decreased by the smooth muscle relaxation effect by ethanal.
C-reactive protein inpregnancy and labor.
Jong Ho Kim, Byung Suk Kim, Jae Yul Lee, Young Gi Lee, Tae Hyung Lee, Seung Ho Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1993;10(2):298-305.   Published online December 31, 1993
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1993.10.2.298
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AbstractAbstract PDF
In order to evaluate the clinical usefulness of maternal serum C-reactive protein measurement in early detection of infectious morbidity at term laboring women, serum C-reactive protein levels were measured in 521 healthy pregnant women : 64 who were not in labor before term, 55 who were in labor before term, 71 who were not in labor at term and 331 who were in labor at term. The frequencies of elevated serum C-reactive protein level were compared in relation to the gestational weeks, the presence or absence of labor, the status of amniotic membranes and the degree of cervical dilation. The obtained results were as follows. 1. The frequencies of women with elevated serum C-reactive protein, 0.8 mg/dl or higher and 2.9 mg/dl or higher, in 521 health pregnant women were, 12 % and 4 %, respectively. 2. C-reactive pretein levels of 0.8 mg/dl or higher were more frequent in the group of women in labor than those not in labor(5. 93 %, vs, 13.73 %, p<0.05), but the frequencies of C-reactive protein level of 2.0 mg/dl or higher were not statistically different between both groups. The frequencies of C-reactive protein level of 0.8 mg/dl or higher and 2.0 mg/dl or higher were not statistically different between the groups before term and at term, intact and ruptured membranes, latent phase and active phase of labor, respectively. 3. Before term, C-reactive protein levels of 0.8 mg/dl or higher and 2.0 mg/dl or higher were more frequent in the group of women in labor than those not in labor(23.64 vs. 4.69, p<0.001 and 12.73% vs. 3.13%, p<0.05, respectively), but those statistical differences were not seen between both group at term. Above results and review of literature suggest that serum C-reactive protein level of 2.0 mg/dl or higher may be reliable in early detection of infectious morbidity at term laboring women as well as laboring women before term, and the presence of subclinical infection should be suspected in the laboring women before term with serum C-reactive protein level of 0.8 mg/dl or higher.
A case of Arnold-Chiari malformation.
Jong Ho Kim, Byeong Seog Kim, Mi Na Lee, Doo Jin Lee, Sung Ho Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1992;9(1):203-209.   Published online June 30, 1992
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1992.9.1.203
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The Arnold-Chiari malformation (ACM) is an anomaly of the hindbrain consisting of two components: a variable displacement of a tongue of tissue derived from the inferior cerebellar vermis in the upper cervical canal and a similar caudal dislocation of the medulla and fourth ventricle. Hydrocephalus and meningomyelocele are another abnormalities that associated frequently. We present a case of Arnold-Chiari malformation with hydrocephalus and meningomyeolcele and a brief review of the literatures was added.
An Outbreak of Tsutsugamushi Disease in Vicinity of Taegu City and Kyungpook Province in 1988.
Young Su Kweon, Jong Ho Kim, Kwan Ho Lee, Myung Su Hyun, Moon Kwan Chung, Hyun Woo Lee, Myung Weon Shon
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1989;6(1):31-41.   Published online June 30, 1989
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1989.6.1.31
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Since the first cases of tsutsugamushi disease reported in Korea in 1986, many cases has been reported and its occurrence has been increasing. Only 2 cases has been reported in Taegu city and Kyungpook area. We experienced an outbreak of 26 cases of tsutsugamushi disease in this area and their clinical manifestations are; 1. The outbreak occurred in September to November in 1988 and its peak occurrence was in October. 2. Mean age was 52 years old (18 to 69 years old) and peak incidence was in the 6th decade. 3. Major symptoms and abnormal signs are fever/chills (88%), myalgia (65%), headache (54%), nausea and vomiting (31%), and abdominal pain (27%). The eschar was detected on lower part of body in most of cases, and more frequently in male (M:F 100 vs 58%). 4. Patients were treated with tetracyclines (TC) and/or chlorampenicol (CM) and mean duration of defervescence from initiation of antibiotic therapy was 2.1days with TC and 2.5 days with CM. 5. Complications are 2 cases of meningitis and 1 case of shock, and all cases were recovered without any sequelae. As above, tsutsugamushi disease occurs in Taegu city and Kyung Pook area as other part of Korea and clinical manifestations are similar to other reports.
A Clinical Study on the Patients with Pyuria.
Jong Ho Kim, In Ho Cho, Sung Chul Yun, Soo Bong Choi, Hyun Woo Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1988;5(2):151-160.   Published online December 31, 1988
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1988.5.2.151
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To evaluate the features of pyuria related to the bacteriuria, 140subjects were studied from Jan. 1987 to Dec. 1987. They pyuria was frequently developed from the age 30 to 60 years old, and male to female ratio was 1:1.41. The most common disease was urethrocystitis that was shown 42.8%. Common precipitating factors were urethral catheterization (25%) and urinary tract obstruction (11.4%). Through the observation, symptomatic pyuric patients were 66 subjects (47.1%), and the subjects with significant urine culture were 121 subjects (86.4%). In the urine culture, the most common bacteria was E. coli (41.4%), and the next was Pseudomonas (19.3%). A large percentage of E. coli and Pseudomonas was susceptible of amikin. The pyuria due to S. epidermidis and Accinatobacter was well treated. High therapeutic rate was observed in the acute pyelonephritis (71%) and urethrocystitis (67%). In the persistent urinary tract infection, there were relapsing (22 cases) and recurrent urinary tract infection (16 cases).
Diagnostic Value of the Intradermal Test for the Infection with Clonorchis sinensis.
Jong Ho Kim, Bong Yung Yun, Heon Ju Lee, Hyun Woo Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1988;5(2):47-52.   Published online December 31, 1988
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1988.5.2.47
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The intradermal (ID) test has been widely used in Korea and several reports about the results of the ID test are known. We examined the egg of Clonorchis sinensis (C.s.) by ID test in 443, stool's egg-counting technique in 79 and direct smear (cellophane thick smear technique) in 1204 subjects. The results are as follows: 1. The positive rate of C.s. was 3.8% out of 1304 persons. 2. The sensitivity of ID test was 82.1% out of 39 persons and the specificity was 64.6% out of 404 persons. 3. The false positive of ID test was 35.4% out of 404 persons and, the false negative was 17.9% out of 39 persons. Intradermal test is a rapid, sensitive and useful supplementary diagnostic tool for the detection of Clonorchiasis infection and must be used as screening test with direct smear of stool but cross reaction with other helminth infections and moderate false reaction are the main disadvantages in its practical application.

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science