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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Hyoung Doo Lee 1 Article
QT dispersion in children with Kawasaki disease.
Bo Kyung Song, Kyoung Sung, Min Jung Cho, Hyoung Doo Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 2014;31(2):94-98.   Published online December 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2014.31.2.94
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BACKGROUND
We analyzed the changes in QT dispersion (QTd) in children with Kawasaki disease (KD), and determined the presence of repolarization abnormality in these children even in the absence of coronary artery abnormalities. METHODS: Ninety-one children with KD and 20 healthy controls were enrolled in this retrospective study. Serial echocardiographic and electrocardiographic (ECG) measurements in the beginning of treatment, 2nd month and 6th month after the diagnosis were compared. Fifty-one of 91 children had at least 2 serial ECG data. The number of patients who had 3 consecutive ECG data was 23. RESULTS: Among the 67 KD patients with no coronary artery changes, the consecutive mean QTd values were 41.86 ms, 37.84 ms, and 25.47 ms, respectively (26 ms for controls). In the analysis of changes among KD patients without coronary artery abnormalities, QTd showed a significant decrease with time (p=0.01). Especially, the 1st month and the 6th month QTd values were significantly different (p=0.028). The mean QTd values in KD patients with coronary artery changes were significantly higher than those in KD patients with no coronary artery changes at each time (1st, 2nd, and 6th month exam). CONCLUSION: QTd is significantly increased in children during the early stage of KD. Repolarization abnormality may exist during the acute stage of KD, regardless of the echocardiographic changes.

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science