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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Gyu Seog Choi 1 Article
Clinical implication of adjuvant chemotherapy according to mismatch repair status in patients with intermediate-risk stage II colon cancer: a retrospective study
Byung Woog Kang, Dong Won Baek, Eunhye Chang, Hye Jin Kim, Su Yeon Park, Jun Seok Park, Gyu Seog Choi, Jin Ho Baek, Jong Gwang Kim
J Yeungnam Med Sci. 2022;39(2):141-149.   Published online December 22, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2021.01571
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
The present study evaluated the clinical implications of adjuvant chemotherapy according to the mismatch repair (MMR) status and clinicopathologic features of patients with intermediate- and high-risk stage II colon cancer (CC).
Methods
This study retrospectively reviewed 5,774 patients who were diagnosed with CC and underwent curative surgical resection at Kyungpook National University Chilgok Hospital. The patients were enrolled according to the following criteria: (1) pathologically diagnosed with primary CC; (2) stage II CC classified based on the 7th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system; (3) intermediate- and high-risk features; and (4) available test results for MMR status. A total of 286 patients met these criteria and were included in the study.
Results
Among the 286 patients, 54 (18.9%) were identified as microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or deficient MMR (dMMR). Although all the patients identified as MSI-H/dMMR showed better survival outcomes, T4 tumors and adjuvant chemotherapy were identified as independent prognostic factors for survival. For the intermediate-risk patients identified as MSI-low (MSI-L)/microsatellite stable (MSS) or proficient MMR (pMMR), adjuvant chemotherapy exhibited a significantly better disease-free survival (DFS) but had no impact on overall survival (OS). Oxaliplatin-containing regimens showed no association with DFS or OS. Adjuvant chemotherapy was not associated with DFS in intermediate-risk patients identified as MSI-H/dMMR.
Conclusion
The current study found that the use of adjuvant chemotherapy was correlated with better DFS in MSI-L/MSS or pMMR intermediate-risk stage II CC patients.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Behavioral and Neuroanatomical Consequences of Cell-Type Specific Loss of Dopamine D2 Receptors in the Mouse Cerebral Cortex
    Gloria S. Lee, Devon L. Graham, Brenda L. Noble, Taylor S. Trammell, Deirdre M. McCarthy, Lisa R. Anderson, Marcelo Rubinstein, Pradeep G. Bhide, Gregg D. Stanwood
    Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A pilot retrospective study of comprehensive nursing care on psychological disorder in colorectal cancer undergoing chemotherapy
    Zhou-Yi Zhang, Rui Wang, Li Zhang, Ming-Li Gu, Xiu-E Guan
    Medicine.2022; 101(28): e29707.     CrossRef

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science