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JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science

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Dong Suk Kim 4 Articles
Histopathologic consideration of hepatocellular carcinoma.
Hae Joo Nam, Dong Suk Kim, Won Hee Choi, Tae Sook Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1992;9(2):351-358.   Published online December 31, 1992
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1992.9.2.351
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Hepatocellular carcinoma represents approximately 90% of the primary liver cancers. Recently, its incidence tends to be increased. Thirsty seven cases from 1986 to 1991 diagnosed as hepatocellular carcinoma by resection were analyzed to know their histopathologic feature and related clinical findings. The average age at the time of resection was 53.1 years, with frequent occurrence in third and fourth decades. Microscopically, the trabecular type was the most frequent growth pattern (35.1%) and classic hepatocyte-like cell type was the most frequent cell type (75.7%). The tumors are mainly moderately differentiated and frequently associated with liver cirrhosis. In comparison of cytological differentiation with liver cirrhosis, there was a tendency for well-differentiated tumors to arise in cirrhotic livers more often than poorly differentiated tumors, and the tendency was statistically significant. But differentiation and tumor size did not show significant correlation. Also statistically significant correlations were not observed between the level of alpha-fetoprotein and tumor size, and between the level of alpha-fetoprotein and differentiation.
Effect of phenobarbital pretreatment on the hepatotoxicity of carbon tetrachloride in rat.
Young Soo Byun, Hae Joo Nam, Mi Jin Kim, Dong Suk Kim, Won Hee Choi, Tae Sook Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1992;9(1):137-148.   Published online June 30, 1992
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1992.9.1.137
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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of phenobarbital (PB) on hepatotoxic effect of carbon tetrachloride (CCI4) which induces centrilobular necrosis in liver. Rats were injected intraperitoneally CCI4 dissolved in olive oil by a dose of 0.4 mg/kg. For change related to PB pretreatment, rats were injected CCI₄ 0.4mg/kg after PB pretreatment. The liver samples were taken in 6, 12, 24, 48, 72 and 120 hours after CCI₄ and/ or PB injection. Extracted liver tissue was examined with light and electron microscopes. The results were summarized as follows: 1. Light microscopic findings: In CCI₄ group, centrilobular necrosis developed from 6 hours after injection, was the most severe in 48 hours, and recovered after 72 hours. In addition to necrosis, fatty change and pale cell change were accompanied. In PB-CCI4 group, necrosis occurred from 6 hours after CCI₄ injection and continued to 72 hours, and the degree of necrosis was more severe than that of CCI₄ group and pale cell change was decreased. 2. Electron microscopic findings: In CCI4 group, the early principal change was clumping and vesicular dilatation of endoplasmic reticulum. In PB-CCI₄ group, the degenerative change of endoplasmic reticulum was aggravated and the mitochondria also revealed severe degenerative change. According to the results, it was revealed that CCI₄ hepatotoxicity primarily began with the damage of endoplasmic reticulum, then damage of other cell organelles and cell necrosis followed, and these cytotoxic effects were aggravated by PB pretreatment.
Effects of carbon tetrachloride on structures in hepatocytes following DMN induced hepatotoxicity.
Young Chun Kang, Hae Joo Nam, Dong Suk Kim, Won Hee Choi, Tae Sook Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1991;8(2):84-94.   Published online December 31, 1991
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1991.8.2.84
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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of high dose carbon tetrachloride (CCI4) on the hepatotoxic effect of dimethylnitrosamine (DMN) which induces acute hemorrhagic necrosis in liver. Rats were injected intraperitoneally DMN dissolved in physiologic saline by a dose of 40 mg/kg. For changes related to CCI⁴ pretreatment, rats were injected intraperitoneally CCI⁴ dissolved in olive oil by a dose of 0.4 mg/kg, and then injected DMN. The livers were extracted from the rats 3, 6, 12, 24, 48, 72, and 120 hours after CCI⁴ and/ or DMN injection. Liver tissues were examined with light and electron microscopes. The results were summarized as follows; Light microscopic findings: Severe centrilobular hemorrhagic necrosis developed from 12 hours after injection of DMN and continued to 120 hours. On injection of DMN after CCI4 pretreatment, Massive necrosis occurred early. But active regenerative changes were produced in 24 hours. In 120 hours, the liver recovered in almost normal appearance. The degree of necrosis in pretreated group was similar to that in DMN injection only, and the time of recovery was faster in pretreated group. Electron microscopic findings: The early change was mainly disorganization of RER in DMN injection, and clumping and vesicular dilatation of ER in injection of CCI4. In pretreatment group, the early change was similar in appearance with CCI4 group, but severer in degree. According to the results, it was revealed that acute toxic effect of DMN was recovered more rapidly in pretreatment group. Thus it was suggested that CCI4 had protective effect in DMN hepatotoxicity.
Nucleolar organizer regions in glioma.
Hae Joo Nam, Dong Suk Kim, Won Hee Choi, Tae Sook Lee
Yeungnam Univ J Med. 1991;8(2):63-69.   Published online December 31, 1991
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.1991.8.2.63
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Nucleolar organizer regions (NOR) are loops of ribosomal DNA (rDNA) which are transcribed by RNA polymerase I. They produce ultimately ribosome and protein. Thus they are believed to reflect nuclear activity. We applied silver colloid staining technique to human glioma to examine relationship between the mean number of Ag-NOR and histopathological grading. The mean number of Ag-NOR (±S. E of the mean) were 1.17±0.07 in normal brain, 1.53±0.25 in astrocytoma, 2.37±0.71 in malignant astrocytoma. And 2.88±0.41 in glioblastoma multiforme. And there was a statistically significant difference among these. The results show that Ag-NOR technique is a rather simple and rapid method and will become a helpful tool for estimation of the proliferative potential of glioma.

JYMS : Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science